To Eliminate a Mockingbird: the Style of Bias
To Kill A Mockingbird: The Theme of Prejudice The style of prejudice in To Eliminate A Mockingbird is much more than just a case of black and white. The whole novel has to do with bias in it’s numerous types, the most prominent case of bias is the bigotry and hate between the blacks and whites. The entire town of Maycomb is based on stereotypes of it’s inhabitants, that are passed down from generation to generation. Reports run rampid and very little fact is typically in them. “So Jem got the majority of his information from Miss Stephanie Crawford, a next-door neighbor scold, she said she understood the entire thing.
According to Miss Stephanie, Boo was sitting in the livingroom cutting some items from The Maycomb Tribune to paste in his scrapbook. His daddy got in the space. As Mr. Radley passed by, Boo drove the scissors into his moms and dad’s leg, pulled them out, cleaned them on his pants, and resumed his activities.” (Chapter 1, page 11) I don’t see how you can’t expect to have bias in a town like that, after all isolation is a significant factor in why prejudice and bigotry emerge. “Men dislike each other because they fear each other, and they fear each other because hi do not know each other, and they don’t understand each other since they are frequently separated from each other.” -Martin Luther King The stereotypes in this novel are relatively common however the fact that they are accepted and utilized so openly in public is what amazes me. I think people in the neighborhood, even if they do disagree with what is being stated or done, they will state or not do anything because they hesitate of breaking the majority of the community and become a victim of bias themselves.
Atticus was one of the few who in fact stopped and listened to himself without being prejudiced by the views and opinions of the rest of the town. He then had the courage to stand up and take bias himself for trying to remedy the bias versus a black guy, and prove his innocence. “Scout, you aren’t old enough to understand some things yet, however there’s been some high talk around town to the effect that I should not do much about protecting this guy. It’s a peculiar case- it won’t come to trial until summer session.
John Taylor was kind enough to offer us a postponement …” “If you shouldn’t be defendin’ him, then why are you doin’ it?” “For a number of factors,” said Atticus. “The primary one is, if I didn’t I couldn’t hold my head in the area, I couldn’t represent this county in the legislature, I couldn’t even inform you or Jem not to do something again.” (Chapter 9, page 75) I think Harper Lee did an exceptional job of representing a town and offered a convincing sense of neighborhood and the method small towns are.
The bias in Maycomb was your common kind which was based upon lack of knowledge. The meaning of bias is Pre-Judge, which is when you pass judgement on something or somebody without having a good reason, therefore almost all prejudice is based upon ignorance. Racism is similar since your passing judgement on the color of the individual’s skin and not the individual themselves. In the story To Kill a Buffooning Bird the prejudice belonged to the town due to the fact that everyone was evaluated by their surname or where they originate from or their background. I increased graciously on Walter’s behalf: “Ah-Miss Caroline?” “What is it, Jean Louise?” “Miss Caroline, he’s a Cunningham.” I kicked back down. “What, Jean Louise?” I thought I had made things sufficiently clear. It was clear adequate to the rest people: Walter Cunningham was sitting there lying his head off. He didn’t forget his lunch, he didn’t have any. He had none today nor would he have any tomorrow or the next day. He had most likely never seen 3 quarters together at the exact same time in his life.
I tried once again: “Walter’s one of the Cunninghams, Miss Caroline.” “I beg your pardon, Jean Louise?” “That’s alright, ma’am, you’ll be familiar with all the county folks after a while. The Cunninghams never took anything they can’t pay back-no church baskets …” (Chapter 2, page 20) That quote isn’t actually prejudice, but it demonstrates how stereotyped the town is and how it’s locals consider it common knowledge that all Cunninghams are dirt poor and don’t take charity.
There are many different kinds of bias and I believe Harper Lee did a pretty good job of incorporating the majority of them into her book. the most common form of prejudice is prejudice against individuals of another race or religious beliefs. Simply put racism. Another kind of bias protests people that are from a different place then you. For example in the unique Jem and Dill got into a little argument about which county was much better, the people from Maycomb, or individuals from Meridian. But Dill got him the 3rd day, when he informed Jem that folks in Meridian certainly weren’t as afraid as the folks in Maycomb, that he ‘d never ever seen such frightening folks as the ones in Maycomb. (Chapter 1, page 13) Prejudice is typically described as the routine “disease” of villages. Prejudice is born when individuals form an idea that somebody with a various color skin, sexual preference, background, accent, design, really anything that makes them different, makes them less equal or inferior.
In big cities prejudice is still a problem, however doesn’t compare to what’s in a village. In a huge city individuals are in contact with other individuals that are various than themselves, and they begin to understand that they are no better or no worse than anyone else. I think Harper Lee demonstrated how wicked bias is during the scene with the lynch mob at the county jail. The lynch mob had power and self-confidence due to the fact that they remained in a group and had each other to encourage themselves that what they were doing was acceptable and the right thing to do. When Scout came in and attempted to speak to Mr.
Cunningham he advised him that he was an individual and he felt guilty after seeing her innocence. The bias in this story was primarily about blacks and whites, however the other forms of bias are simply as bad and just as typical. It’s horrible since if you do not follow the social standards of the environment your in then your in consistent dispute with everyone else. Being too unusual and strange for your environment is just as bad as staying out of sight and cutting off contact with everybody else since then people will gossip and report about your life to compensate for not knowing.
This is displayed in the case of Boo Radley. Just because Boo wished to be left alone and not be troubled he ended up being the centerpiece for all the rumors and the gossip of the town. “Wonder what he appears like?” stated Dill. Jem provided an affordable description of Boo: Boo was about six-and- a-half feet high, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels and any cats he might catch, that’s why his hands were bloodstained– If you consumed an animal raw, you might never wash the blood off.
There was a long rugged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten; his eyes popped, and he drooled most of the time.” (Chapter 1, Page 13) Prejudice is a vicious circle that is passed down from generation to generation and is very hard to stop unless people want and wish to cooperate. I think that to get rid of bias individuals have to start getting off the band-wagon and listen to their own conscience, and after that have the nerve to act upon their own sensations.