To Eliminate a Mockingbird: Notes and Quotes
Quotes in To Kill a Mockingbird by theme Pride|* ‘… I expect he liked honour more than his head …’– speaking about Jem when he added to the Radley House on a dare. A childish example of the much more intricate idea of pride explored in this book * When asked why he is safeguarding Tom Robinson, Atticus reponds that ‘… if I didn’t, I couldn’t hold up my head in town …’ * ‘It was the very first time I ever left a battle …’– Scout refuses to fight Cecil Jacobs although he insults Atticus, due to the fact that Atticus had actually asked her not to fight.
She gave up her pride for the regard of her dad. * While Scout is happy that ‘Atticus is the ‘deadest shot in Maycomb County’, Jem takes more pride in the reality that Atticus is no proud of this skill and does not use it unless he needs to, and that ‘Atticus is a gentleman, like me!’ This is a fantastic example of the method ideas change with youth. * ‘She said she was going to leave this world beholden to absolutely nothing and nobody. Jem, when you’re ill as she was, it’s all ideal to take anything to make it much easier, however it wasn’t all ideal for her.
She said she suggested to break herself of it prior to she passes away, which’s what she did’– About Ms Dubose, who was too happy to pass away a morphine addict * A significant aspect of pride in this novel if household pride. An example of this is when Jem and Scout withstand all of Ms Dubose’s insults and taunts, up until she insults their daddy. When she exclaims that “your dad’s no much better than the niggers and trash he works for!’ Jem loses it and destroys her garden. * ‘It was a sad thing that my daddy had ignored to tell me about the Finch Household, or to set up any pride into his kids’.
As we have already seen, the Finch children are definitely pleased with their father and themselves. However, Aunt Alexandra considers family pride upmost– they must not pride in Atticus for his bravery, but pride in him for upholding specific household customs. To Alexandra, the best households were those who had actually resided on a certain plot of land longest.|Perspective/understanding other people|* ‘There’s some folks who don’t eat like us’ Another childish example which checks out the much deeper concept of viewpoint * ‘If you can discover an easy trick, Scout, you’ll get along a lot much better with all sort of folks.
You never ever truly comprehend an individual up until you think about things from his viewpoint … up until you climb up into his skin and walk in it.’ * ‘You kids last night made Walter Cunningham stand in my shoes for a minute. That was enough’ (after the mob scene) * ‘They could never ever, never understand that I live like I do since that’s the way I want to live’– Mr Raymond– the ‘drunkard’– who claims he can tell them ‘due to the fact that you’re kids and you can understand it’ unlike the grownups. Atticus waits his beliefs and is even able to see Mr Ewell’s point of view; ‘Jem, see if you can stand in Bob Ewell’s shoes a minutes. I damaged his last shred of trustworthiness at that trial …’|Femininity|* ‘Often you act a lot like a girl it’s mortifyin”* ‘… Jem told me I was being a girl, that women always pictured things, that’s who other individuals disliked them so …’ * ‘I state to the lord you’re getting more like a lady every day! * ‘I could not perhaps intend to be a girl if I used breeches; when I stated I might do nothing in a gown she stated I wasn’t expected to be doing things that needed trousers’ * Aunt Alexandra declares she relocated to supply Scout a ‘womanly impact’ * ‘I felt the walls of a pink cotton penitentiary closing in on me …’|Growing up/youth|* ‘”We shouldn’a done that tonight, Scout.” It was then, I suppose, that Jem and I initially started to part company. (after the shooting at the Radley home when they tried to peek in the windows) * ‘… I was far too old and big for such childish things, and the sooner I learned to hold it in, the better off everybody would be.’ (About fighting) * ‘When a child asks you something, address him for goodness’ sake’– exposes Atticus’ unusual attitude about kids; he treats them with a lot more regard than most grownups in the book. Another excellent quote for this idea is ‘this is their house sis …
We’ve made it in this manner for them, they may also find out to cope with it’– after Alexandra concerns whether it was recommended to take the children to the hearing * While Scout is proud that ‘Atticus is the ‘deadest shot in Maycomb County’, Jem takes more pride in the truth that Atticus is no proud of this skill and does not utilize it unless he has to, which ‘Atticus is a gentleman, like me!’ This is a great example of the way ideas alter with youth. * ‘Jem said I needed to mature at some point’ (about dealing with Ms Dubose) * ‘It’s time you began being a girl and acting right!– While in the previous Jem had used ‘lady’ as an insult, implicating Scout of ending up being ‘a growing number of like a woman every day’, as he grows his viewpoint on this modifications. * As Jem grows up, he establishes a sense of ‘maddening supremacy’, and considers himself part of the ‘grown folks’ of Maycomb. * Jem ‘… broke the remaining code of our childhood’ when he valued adult guidelines more than kids’s unmentioned code of relationship and informed Atticus that Dill had escaped from house. ‘They might never ever, never ever comprehend that I live like I do because that’s the way I want to live’– Mr Raymond– the ‘alcoholic’– who claims he can inform them ‘due to the fact that you’re children and you can understand it’ unlike the adults. * ‘So far nothing in your life has actually disrupted your thinking procedure … There’s something in our world that makes males lose their heads– they couldn’t be reasonable if they attempted.’ * When Scout inform Jem that she believes there’s simply one kind of individuals (she, like Atticus, thinks in the fundamental goodness of mankind) he responds; ‘That’s what I believed too … when I was your age.
If there’s simply one sort of folks, why can’t they get along with each other?’ * ‘If Aunty could be a woman at a time like this, so might I’. Far from the fist battling youth with little control of her feelings, Scout has actually matured over the course of the book and learned how to conceal her sensations * ‘… had our schoolmates been delegated their own devices, Jem and I would have had a number of swift, satisfying fist battles each and ended the matter for great.
As it was, we were obliged to hole our heads high and be, respectively, a gentleman and a lady’|Morality/ great vs evil/ the fundamental goodness of humankind|* Atticus Finch is distinct in this novel in the manner in which he has actually seen evil without losing his faith in the human capability for goodness. This is a significant style throughout the unique, and he tries to teach this lesson to his kids by encouraging them to enter the shoes of others. He takes Tom Robinson’s case due to the fact that of this belief, he understands that he is extremely not likely to win, however he thinks that it is possible to alter the minds of the jury.
He, unlike the others in this novel, think that the jury are possible of the type of goodness and bravery required to acquit Tom. * When Scout asks if they will win it, Atticus plainly states ‘no, honey’. He fights anyway. * ‘Simply since we resembled a century before we started is no reason for us not to try to win’ * ‘I think possibly he put his assassinate when he realised that God has actually offered his an unreasonable advantage over the majority of living things.
I guess he decided he would not shoot till he needed to, and he had to today.’ * ‘Scout, I couldn’t go to church and praise God if I didn’t attempt to help that man’ * ‘I desired you to see what real guts is, instead of getting the idea that nerve is a guy with a gun in his hand. It’s when you understand you’re licked before you start abut you start anyhow and you persevere no matter what. You seldom win, but in some cases you do.
Mrs Dubose won’ * ‘I was drifting into sleep when the memory of Atticyl calmly folding his newspaper and pressing abck his hat became Atticus standing in the middle of an empty waiting steep, pushing up his glasses.’– Scout links these two occasions together for a reason * ‘Mr Cunningham’s’ essentially a great man … he just has his blind areas in addition to the rest of us’– A nice insight into Atticus’ mind, an excellent quote to evidence his belief in the fundamental goodness in humanity * ‘You children last night made Walter Cunningham stand in my shoes for a minute.
That was enough’ (after the mob scene) * Scout compares the court day to ‘viewing Atticus walk into the street, raise a rifle to his shoulder and shoot, but viewing all the time understanding that the weapon was empty’ * ‘Up until now absolutely nothing in your life has actually disrupted your reasoning procedure … There’s something in our world that makes guys lose their heads– they could not be reasonable if they tried. * Ms Merriweather thinks that much of the people in Maycomb are ‘good, but misguided’ * The novel is concluded with a last ethical debate– whether or not to maltreat Bob Ewell’s killer. When Atticus thought that Jem had stabbed Ewell in self defence, he was adamant that Jem should go through the correct process in court rather than have rumours circulating about him his entire life. However, when Heck Tate lastly persuaded Atticus that it was in reality Arthur Radley that eliminated Ewell, Atticus discovers himself in an ethical issue.
He lastly concedes that ‘Mr Ewell fell on his knife’, and asks if Scout might possibly understand. She does, explaining perfectly that persecuting Arthur Radley would be ‘sort of like shootin’ a mockingbird, would not it?’ Arthur Radley was already ruined as soon as by the evil in mankind, and Atticus and Scout concurred that it would be wrong to make someone as innocent and shy as him to defend himself in court, even if he did refrain from doing anything wrong.|Bigotry|* ‘He’s messing up the family’ * He’s nothin’ however a nigger fan! * ‘Why sensible people go plain raving mad when anything involving a Negro comes up, is something I don’t pretend to understand’ (Atticus) * ‘Your daddy’s no much better than the niggers and garbage he works for!’ This blatant bigotry originates from Ms Dubose. * ‘They got their church, we go our ‘n’– The racial divide in this unique goes both ways. This is additional explored when Jem discusses to Hunt about ‘combined’ children, and how ‘they don’t belong anywhere’ * ‘Mr Finch. If you was a nigger like me, you ‘d be frightened too’ ‘The witnesses for this state … have provided themselves to you gentlemen … positive that you gentlemen would support them on the presumption– the evil presumption– that all Negroes lie, that all Negroes are essentially unethical beings, that all Negro men are not to be relied on around our ladies’ * ‘In our courts, when it’s a white male’s word against a black mans, the while man constantly wins. They’re unsightly, however those are the truths of life’|Innocence|* The kids think in goodness due to the fact that they have not yet faced evil. When they do, they respond differently.
Dill sobs (eg court house scene) and triggers the unforgettable quote ‘it appears just the kids weep’. Dill makes the reader long for youthful innocence and belief in human goodness. Jem copes better with the shock initially, however after Tom’s death loses much of his faith in humanity and the justice system. He gets furious at once point, exclaiming ‘I do not ever wanta hear about that court house again, ever, ever, you hear me?’ Scout offers better with the shock, and in spite of the court’s decision, people like Atticus and Miss Maudie assist her retain her faith in human goodness. * ‘Mockingbirds do not do something however make music for us to enjoy.
That’s why it’s a sin to kill a mockingbird’– Ms Maudie. A fantastic metaphor for one of the book’s main styles– the loss of innocence. This circumstance is duplicated in a reality circumstance in the last scene, where Atticus and Heck Tate choose it immoral to convict Arthur Radley of murder when all he was attempting to do was safeguard the Finch kids. * ‘Inform him hey for me, won’t you?’– Scout’s moving talk with Mr Cunningham proves the power of innocence. It was Scout’s younger innocence that made Mr Cunningham and the rest of the mob reevaluate the position they were in.
Her speech broke the mob mindset and brought Mr Cunningham back to morality * Jem compares the expose of evil in society to ‘like bein’ a caterpillar in a cocoon, that’s what it is … I always thought Maycomb folks were the best folks in the world, least that’s what they seemed like.’ * ‘He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children …’ (Mr Underwood)|Society|* ‘She has actually committed no crime, she has actually simply broken a stiff and time-honoured code of our society … she lured a black man’ * ‘This is their house sis …
We’ve made it in this manner for them, they may too learn to cope with it’– after Alexandra questions whether it was suggested to take the kids to the hearing * While society shuns and dislikes the black individuals living near them, the Missionary Tea ceremony give insight into how hypocritical society is when they pity the ‘Mrunas … living in that jungle … the hardship … the darkness’ * The hypocritical society is further explored in the brief reference to the Holocaust in the remarks of Scout’s instructor (Miss Gates) that ‘over here we do not think in maltreating anybody. Persecution originates from people who are prejudiced.’|