To Eliminate a Mockingbird 22 23 24 Summaries
To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 22 Summary * Jem can’t hold back the injustice-fueled tears as he, Scout, and Dill go to meet Atticus outside the court house. * He says to Atticus that it’s not right, and Atticus agrees. * Aunt Alexandra is waiting up for them when they get home (still using her corset even under her bathrobe, Scout thinks), and tells Atticus she’s sorry he lost the case. * Even slightly softened, Alexandra doesn’t miss the chance to remind Atticus that she doesn’t believe he should have let the kids listen in on the case. Atticus states that they have to handle the fallout from it anyway, and that bigotry is just as much a Maycomb standby as missionary teas are. * Atticus goes to sleep wearily, however seems more confident in the early morning. * At breakfast he informs his family that it’s not over yet– there’s still the appeal procedure. * Breakfast is an extravagant affair, as it appears every African-American in the county has sent out the Finches a gift of food. Calpurnia states she discovered everything on the back steps when she arrived that morning, and asks if they were exceeding themselves; Atticus, a bit teary-eyed, tells her to thank everybody however inform them that there’s no requirement to be so generous, particularly when times are so hard. * Atticus leaves for town, and his place at the breakfast table is taken by Dill. * The kids soon go out themselves, and see Miss Stephanie Crawford offering a blow-by-blow account of the trial to Miss Maudie Atkinson and Mr. Avery. Miss Maudie calls Jem over; Miss Stephanie butts in to pepper them with disrespectful concerns, prior to Miss Maudie shuts her up and offers the kids some cake. * There are 2 little cakes and one big one, and Scout thinks that Miss Maudie has actually uncharacteristically forgotten Dill, however then finds out the big cake is for Jem. * Scout understands this is Miss Maudie’s method of saying everything is still cool between them. * Miss Maudie informs them that some guys simply get stuck with the sucky tasks, and Atticus is sadly among them. Jem states that he always believed that Maycomb folks were great people, but it does not seem like that to him anymore, since no one stepped up to support Tom Robinson. * Miss Maudie stated that some did, including Judge Taylor, who normally selects an unskilled regional attorney as public defender, but made an exception in Tom Robinson’s case to designate Atticus instead. * Miss Maudie goes on to say that she knew Atticus wouldn’t win, however that he made the jury consider their decision for a long time, which’s a baby action in the ideal direction. They leave Miss Maudie’s house, and Dill states that he’s going to be a clown when he matures, since the only possible action to humankind is to make fun of it. * Jem states that Dill’s got it incorrect, clowns get laughed at by everyone else, however Dill says he’ll be a new sort of clown who takes a look at the audience and laughs at them. * Miss Rachel and Aunt Alexandra tell the kids to leave the street, there’s difficulty coming, and Miss Stephanie butts in to inform them why: that early morning Mr. Ewell spit in Atticus’s face and told him that he had it out for him.
To Kill a Mockingbird Chapter 23 Summary * Atticus won’t state much about the attack aside from to joke about it with dry wit. * Scout thinks Atticus should carry a gun, but he reacts with calm unconcern. * Finally Atticus figures out that his kids are actually frightened that Mr. Ewell will follow through on his danger, but Atticus thinks that Ewell’s done as much as he’s going to do, and after that the kids don’t feel scared any more. * Atticus informs Jem and Scout that absolutely nothing can take place to Tom till the appeal, which may have a better outcome than the initial trial. Tom is now at the Enfield Prison Farm seventy miles away, where his household can’t visit him. * Scout asks what will happen to Tom if he loses his appeal, and Atticus states he’ll go to the electric chair unless the governor grants him a stay of execution. * Jem states it’s unfair for Tom to get the capital punishment given that he didn’t kill anybody, and that the jury could have provided him a prison sentence rather. * Atticus says that no Southern jury would found guilty an African-American man on a rape charge and offer him anything less than death. * Jem responds that possibly rape shouldn’t be punishable by death then. Atticus says that he doesn’t disagree with the sentencing suggestions for rape, but his beef is with sentencing a guy to death on purely inconclusive evidence. * He goes on to state that the law requires a sensible doubt to acquit someone, but he believes that a shadow of a doubt need to suffice– as long as there’s the possibility that the implicated is innocent. * Jem then says that it’s the jury’s fault, and that possibly they must simply get rid of juries. * Atticus answers that it would be better to alter the law so that just judges could cause the capital punishment. Jem believes that’s a good idea, and tells Atticus he should make it happen, however Atticus says altering laws, like separating, is hard to do. * Jem still thinks that juries are a crockery of @ #$%, and Atticus tells him that if the jury had been comprised of Jem and others like him, Tom would have been acquitted. He goes on to state that the jury left the written law to follow the unwritten one– that the white man constantly wins. * Atticus tells Jem and Scout that throughout their lives they’ll see a lot of instances of white men cheating black ones, however that any white guy who does so is nothing more than trash. He continues with a threatening forecast: “Don’t fool yourselves– it’s all accumulating and among nowadays we’re going to foot the bill for it” (23. 41). * Jem asks why none of the townspeople like Miss Maudie ever get drafted for jury responsibility. * Atticus states that women aren’t enabled to be on juries, and that the rest either do not wish to lose business by taking sides, or are simply to terrified to stake out a certain position on an issue when a lot depends on it. Jem says that this specific jury didn’t squander whenever staking out its position, but Atticus disagrees– like Miss Maudie, he believes that the couple of hours the jury was out reveals that the world may be shifting a little bit in the best direction. * Despite the supposed secrecy of jury considerations, Atticus understands who kept the jury from founding guilty Tom right now: a cousin of Mr. Walter Cunningham, part of the group who wanted to lynch Tom when he remained in the Maycomb prison the night before the trial but was turned back by Scout. Scout chooses to make good friends with the more youthful Walter Cunningham when school launches again, however Auntie Alexandra decrees that Cunninghams are one class and the Finches another, and never ever the twain will fulfill. * Scout bears in mind that Aunty responded the same method when she wanted to check out Calpurnia at home, and decides not to give in so quickly this time. * Auntie Alexandra lastly states that the Cunninghams are trash and she doesn’t want Scout to pick up anymore bad routines; at this Scout is ready to explode, however Jem gets her out of the room before she can get on Auntie Alexandra. Jem offers Scout a Tootsie Roll to relax her down (or a minimum of shut her up by offering her a mouthful to chew on), and Scout notifications that Jem looks various– he’s maturing. * Jem attempts to flaunt his new chest hair; although Scout can’t see anything, however she doesn’t tell him so. * Jem informs Scout that she should not let Auntie Alexandra frustrate her, and Scout remembers when his guidance was the other way around, and it was she who should not annoy Aunty. * Jem asks Scout if she can’t use up some type of girly occupation to make Aunt Alexandra feel better, but Scout states she does not wish to and she doesn’t care what Aunty believes. Scout goes on to say that it wasn’t Auntie Alexandra’s remarks about her that set her off, but her calling Walter trash, which she believes puts him down to the level of the Ewells. * Jem says that he thinks he’s got it determined, and there are 4 sort of people: the regular (the Finches and their neighbors), the ones who reside in the woods (the Cunninghams), the ones who live by the dump (the Ewells), and the African Americans, and everybody hates the ones an action below them. * Scout doesn’t quite buy it, and the pair try to puzzle out why Aunt Alexandra is so hung up on the concept of Household. Scout finally concludes that individuals are simply individuals and that’s all there is to it, and Jem states that’s what he used to believe, but if it holds true, why can’t all of us just get along? * The confusing way people act makes Jem think he finally understands why Boo Radley never comes out– because he wishes to remain in, far from the weirdness that is humankind. To Eliminate a Mockingbird Chapter 24 Summary * It’s completion of August, and Auntie Alexandra is hosting a missionary tea at the Finch home. Uncommonly, she’s letting Calpurnia serve, instead of controlling every detail like she usually does. * Twice as uncommonly, Scout is inside– Jem is inhabited in teaching Dill to swim, and they’re skinny-dipping so they will not let her occur. * Auntie Alexandra had told Scout to come in when they were having drinks, however Scout understands that if she gets her gown unclean Cal will have to clean it on top of her tea-related tasks, so she chooses the kitchen area is more secure. * Scout provides to assist Calpurnia serve, and gets to carry in the silver coffee pitcher. Auntie Alexandra, pleased that the pink-dressed Scout handled to bring something without spilling it, asks her to join them. * Scout feels her usual anxiousness in the presence of a group of ladies, and decides not to speak till spoken to. * Miss Stephanie Crawford asks Scout if she wants to be a lawyer when she grows up; Scout states no, and attempts to think of what she does wish to be. * Miss Stephanie, in her needling method, says she would have believed Scout would select the law, considering that she’s already taken to going to trials. Miss Stephanie, motivated by the basic laughter that her remark sets off, asks Scout once again if she wants to be a lawyer. * Miss Maudie puts her hand on Scout’s, and Scout responds that she does not wish to be a legal representative, just a woman. * Miss Stephanie, suspecting she’s being poked back but not greatly enough for her to be able to take offense, states that Scout will have to get used to wearing gowns if she wants to prosper. * Miss Maudie holds Scout’s hand more tightly, and Scout carefully keeps her mouth shut. Scout takes up conversation with Mrs. Grace Merriweather, who had actually reported to the group on the Mruna people, whom J. Grimes Everett is trying to transform to Christianity. * J. Grimes Everett’s saintly habits is obviously Mrs. Merriweather’s preferred topic, and she goes on about him at excellent length. * Eventually Mrs. Merriweather is distracted by a conversation going on beside her * She makes a comment about the need to “forgive and forget,” and to help an unidentified lady “lead a Christian life for those kids from here on out” (24. 6). * Scout asks if she’s speaking about Mayella Ewell, but Mrs. Merriweather states no, she’s discussing Helen Robinson (though she does not really know the woman’s name). * Mrs. Merriweather speaks about how upsetting it is when the colored aid is irritable about something, and how it is essential to remind them that Jesus was never grouchy about anything so they must strive to do the same. * Mrs. Farrow responds that there’s nothing white individuals can do to change the inherent immoral nature of the black guy. * Mrs.
Merriweather continues that she won’t call names, but there are some “excellent however misdirected” (24. 47) individuals in Maycomb who think they’re assisting however are actually just making difficulty. * Miss Maudie breaks in to state, “His food doesn’t stick going down, does it?” (24. 48), and a fantasizing Scout can inform she’s very mad, though she does not understand why. * Auntie Alexandra smoothes things over with more cake, and turns the discussion in less dangerous directions, while likewise shooting Miss Maudie a thank-you appearance which Scout notices however again does not comprehend. Scout wonders if she’ll ever be able to operate in this world of women whose guidelines make so little sense to her, specifically compared to the male world. * Apparently while Scout has actually been musing on gender the discussion has reversed to race, for she tunes in just in time to hear Mrs. Merriweather stating that white people who do not believe in segregation are hypocrites. * Scout ignore again to consider what Calpurnia had actually told her about Tom Robinson: that ever since he went to prison, he’s simply given up hoping he’ll ver be free. * Atticus gets back earlier than normal, and he’s not looking too excellent. * He asks Aunt Alexandra to come to the kitchen with him so they can speak with Calpurnia, and Miss Maudie and Scout follow them. * Atticus informs them all that Tom Robinson is dead– he attempted to climb up over the jail fence right in front of the guards and was shot, no fewer than seventeen times. * Atticus asks Calpurnia to come with him to break the news to Helen. * After they leave, a stunned Aunt Alexandra and Miss Maudie sit in the kitchen with Scout. Aunt Alexandra is fretted about the impact all this stress is having on Atticus’s health, and mad at the town that puts the obligation of doing the right thing on his shoulders since they’re too scared to do it themselves. * Miss Maudie says that “the handful of individuals in this town with background” (24. 81) share the concepts he’s working to uphold, and are grateful to Atticus for fighting on the side of the angels. * Aunt Alexandra composes herself and they return in to deal with the tea party, acting as if nothing is incorrect, and Scout joins them in their effort to maintain a ladylike attitude.