Throughout the novel, ‘Lord of the Flies’, William Golding is able to link the many aspects of our own world through the various characters he produces. One of these elements is management, which plays a crucial function in the novel’s microcosmic society, as it carries out in our own society. Golding utilizes leadership to convey his ideologies about human nature.
Golding believes that all human beings are essentially flawed, that all human beings are wicked and can inflicting wicked upon others. Just the law and order of our society keep back the flaws that all people naturally possess.
Golding utilizes the mixed sensations that he has about leadership to expose his viewpoint about human nature and other flawed elements of our society. The Second World War, which Golding belonged of, brought about his pessimism of humanity. He was horrified at what himself and others did throughout the war. He gradually found out to see all human nature as savage and unforgiving, the darkness of mans heart; it remains in all of us. The qualities of a good leader are widely accepted. The leader has to have control over his fans. He needs to require respect.
The leader likewise needs to be able to encourage his fans to follow him without eliminating from his beliefs and views. A good leader also has to have the ability to be strong, psychologically more than physically. He requires to be able to stand his ground and highly think in what he feels is right. An excellent leader also has to think in himself. If a leader does not think in himself, then who will? A leader needs to be assertive and does not need to pull back from anything. The 2 main characters in this novel express a few of these attributes, one character more than the other.
There are always people, when in a group, who reveal and have superior management attributes than others. The greatest, mentally and physically, tend to have the greatest impact over others. Sometimes the strongest individual is not necessarily the very best choice. Authors, including Golding, typically show how humans select the strongest person, to offer us an understanding of the impact people can have over others. Golding has 2 stick out characters in the beginning of the book who each reveal their own, but extremely different leadership abilities.
Nevertheless Golding thinks that there is no such thing as an ideal leader, and that every type of leadership is flawed in some way. Golding plans to use these 2 characters to highlight the two kinds of leadership that he tries to present in the book. The very first character introduced to us is Ralph, who in my viewpoint is presented as the better leader. His capability for leadership is evident from the beginning, “Stop talking,” stated Ralph absently. He raised the conch. “Seems to me we should have a chief to choose things. He then proceeds to be voted as the group leader, over Jack, primarily due to the truth that he was the one that at first blew the conch, “They complied with the summons of the conch, partially since Ralph blew it, and he was big enough to be a link with the adult world of authority … “It is obvious from the balanced out that Golding has made Ralph the symbol of democracy in the book. Golding reveals his feeling about democracy as explaining democratic ballot as a ‘toy’. The other little’uns follow Ralph as he is the only link they have actually delegated the civilised world.
At the start and throughout the novel, Ralph is the primary representative of order, society and leadership amongst the group. Ralph begins well at attempting to make a new society; he strongly believes that the most important thing in this circumstance is being rescued. He develops a fire beacon, for cooking, heat and rescue. The signal fire can be deemed an indication of hope– the hope the young boys need to return to society. When the flames dance brilliantly, it shows the enthusiasm they hold for the idea of being rescued. However, as the fire grows dim, it shows the attitude of the kids and their loss of spirits.
The signal fire can also be viewed as the young boys’ link to the civilized world. As long as the fire continues burning, it recommends not only that the kids want to go back to society, however likewise that they are still utilizing their sound judgment. He comprehends the essentials that a society need to have to survive and he knows what need to be done in order for the survival of the boys. He works vigilantly to keep the group’s concentrate on the hope of rescue. It is at the 2nd assembly that we see Ralph firmly asserting his authority, “other than by me”. It is likewise the first time that Jack has problem with Ralph’s authority.
As the stress between Ralph and Jack continues to boosts, we see more apparent signs of a potential battle for power. Although Jack has been deeply envious of Ralph’s power from the moment Ralph was elected, the 2 do not come into open dispute until the fourth chapter, when Jack’s irresponsibility leads to the failure of the signal fire. When the fire– a symbol of the boys’ connection to civilization– goes out, the young boys’ first chance of being saved is warded off. Ralph flies into a rage, indicating that he is still governed by desire to attain the good of the whole group.
However Jack, having simply killed a pig, is too excited by his success to care quite about the missed out on chance to escape the island. Indeed, Jack’s bloodlust and thirst for power have overwhelmed his interest in civilization. Whereas he formerly validated his commitment to hunting by claiming that it was for the good of the group, now he no longer feels the need to validate his behaviour at all. Instead, he indicates his brand-new orientation towards savagery by painting his face like a barbarian, leading wild chants among the hunters, and apologizing for his failure to keep the signal fire just when Ralph appears ready to combat him over it.
However, Ralph still has his shortcomings as a leader and isn’t always perfect as Golding is trying to reveal. Among his first errors was giving more control to Jack by making him leader of his hunters. This permits Jack and the choir boys to make their own rules and encourage the choir kids to wander off away from Ralph’s lead. When the monster is very first presented, Ralph doesn’t do a great task of convincing the younger boys that there isn’t a monster on the island. He simply say’s “but there isn’t a beast.” Whereas Jack assures the more youthful boys that if there is a monster, he ‘d discover it and kill it.
The weight of leadership becomes overbearing for Ralph as the story continues; he is devoted and dedicated, but his attempts to instil order and calm among the boys are decreasingly effective. Golding establishes Ralph’s specific concerns and insecurities. By revealing him worrying over his perceived failures, Golding highlights Ralph’s responsible, adult nature. Ralph’s concern about his look, and especially his grown-out hair, show his natural disposition toward the normality of civilization.
Although Ralph shows a more than enough intelligence, he likewise frets that he lacks Piggy’s genius, “if just I might step inside that fat head of his”. Ralph ultimately understands the significance of thought and how it can assist him as a leader, “idea was an important thing, that got results … “. The second kind of leadership that Golding communicates through a character is the Totalitarian, Jack. Ralph deals with all the kids with self-respect and tries to deal with them for the betterment of the society. On the opposite side of the scale, Jack does not deal with any of the boys with the dignity that Ralph does.
In chapter 3 Golding composes, in comparing Jack’s and Ralph, “They strolled along, 2 continents of experience and sensation, unable to interact.” This demonstrates how Golding is attempting to tell us how Ralph and Jack’s intentions are totally various; one is concentrated on hunting and the other on the society. Jack immediately shows qualities of an excellent leader, but are various qualities than Ralph programs. Jack has a very commanding presence from the start; he arrives on the island having some success in putting in control over others by dominating the choir with his militaristic attitude.
At the first assembly he thinks that he needs to be primary, “I should be chief”, but is humiliated when he loses the vote to Ralph. Jack is chauvinistic, mentioning that, “I concur with Ralph. We have actually got to have guidelines and follow them. After all, we’re not savages. We’re English, and the English are best at everything. So we’ve got to do the ideal things.” Golding believes that Nationalism and chauvinism are the causes of wars on our society and is putting this across in the microcosm. This is a tip that there would be eventually dispute on the island.
Golding also uses the theory of Darwinism to relate to Jack, as Jack puts down the weaker in society, Piggy and Simon, like the majority of totalitarians do. Jack represents evil and violence, the dark side of humanity. He is the character that falls back the most throughout the novel. It begins with him searching in the Jungle, when Golding uses animal images to reveal his regression, ‘ape-like’ and ‘half naked … strolling on all fours’. Jack attempts to control the group, instead of dealing with Ralph to benefit it.
The conch does not indicate anything to Jack, for him, the conch represents the rules and limits that have kept him from dominating others. Their entire lives in the other world, the boys had been moderated by guidelines set by society. The dictator in Jack becomes dominant in his personality during the panic over the monster sighting on the mountain. In trying to put Ralph down, he uses his rhetorical skills to twist Ralph’s words. In defence, he offers to the group an excuse that “He ‘d never have got us meat,” asserting that hunting skills produce an efficient leader.
Jack appoints a high worth only to those who he discovers helpful or acceptable to his views and aims to silence those who do not please him. Denouncing the guidelines of order, Jack states, “We don’t need the conch any more. We know who should state things.” As Jack makes every effort to develop his management, he handles the title of “chief” and strengthens the impression of station and power by utilizing the other young boys ceremoniously as basic bearers who raise their spears together and reveal “The Chief has spoken. Jack works closely with Roger, as Ralph makes with Piggy and Simon, to help him form his new dictatorship at Castle Rock. Though Roger does not possess any sort of management abilities, he does have a forced authority over others. This role is no game for him, though; by the night of Simon’s death, Jack has actually clearly gone power-mad, sitting at the pig roast on a big log “painted and garlanded … like an idol” while “power … chattered in his ear like an ape.” His people addresses him as “Chief,” suggesting a form of more primitive tribal leadership.
Jack’s management in the macrocosm would not work, it would just lead to war. Whereas on the island Jack promises food and enjoyable, so everyone follows him. Jack’s savage, primitive society murders the 2 castaways, Piggy and Simon. The next on their list is Ralph, who is discovering himself fleing from a line of Jack’s group across the island. In the midst of the mayhem, the forest is set on fire. As Ralph is running away, he unselfishly believes, ‘The fools! The fire should be nearly at the fruit trees- what would they consume tomorrow.
Although Jack’s people is searching him down, all he appreciates are the others. At the end of the novel, a naval officer comes onto the island. When he asks who is in charge, Jack steps forward and after that steps back. He finally understands that what he was doing was incorrect and cowers away from the naval officer, believing that Ralph would take all of the blame. Ralph loudly announces the he is the leader. They had all lastly come to understand what they had done. They soon discovered that if they had actually followed Ralph, none of this would have happened. hen the naval officer appears on the island, all the kids who were moments ago behaving savagely, come to a halt and all of a sudden return to their senses. This recommends that the appearance of the marine officer symbolizes the return of both adult supervision and civilization. Ralph was the very best leader in the novel, he puts the society over himself at all times. Jack has the better management abilities, however selects to utilize them for the wrong factors. The fact that he happened the leader was due to the fact that of humankind’s wicked tendency towards savagery.