The Odyssey vs. Enkidu’s Dream
“Look death in the confront with joyful hope, and consider this an enduring reality: the exemplary guy has absolutely nothing to fear, neither in life, nor in death, and the Gods will not forsake him. “-Socrates, a Greek theorist and reflective thinker. The above quote is the basis for Greek belief, showing the respectable Greek citizen. It displays courage and obedience to the Gods in which the Greek world focused on. Beyond communicating a great journey, featuring a glorified hero who embodies to perfection Greek perfects, Homer uses the legendary books of The Odyssey to explore all the subtleties of Greek ulture. Each part of The Odyssey has a function beyond detailing popular folklore. Book Eleven’s Underworld becomes the culmination of all the worths and perfects that Homer touches on in prior books. Homer utilizes the underworld as a catchall to reinforce social protocol and religion to name a few things. Particularly, by focusing on the surroundings of the Underworld and its occupants, Homer exposes and reinforces the role of religion in society? especially in conjunction with fate and the concept of death and rebirth. In parallel, “the tavern-keeper offered Gilgamesh her insights on the real objective of ife, which is not to escape death, but to take pleasure in the typical pleasures of life;” Gilgamesh, where are you wandering? The life that you are seeking all around you will not discover. When the gods produced mankind they fixed Death for mankind, and kept back Life in their own hands. Now you, Gilgamesh, let your stomach be full! Be happy day and night, of every day make a party, dance in circles day and night! Let your clothes be shimmering clean, let your head be tidy, wash yourself with water! Take care of the little one who keeps your hand, let a partner delight in your welcome.
This is the job of mankind.” The Odyssey appears to provide a much more intricate description of the underworld than the one described in Enkidu’s Dream. In Enkidu’s Dream, he refers to all of the actions he took that were not righteous. “It was I who reduced the cedar, I who leveled the forest, I who multitude Humbaba and now see what has ended up being of me.” So the Sumerians were indeed mindful that your actions in life would identify your house in the afterlife. Enkidu’s Dream describes the underworld as a location from which none who go into ever return.
Here you sit in darkness and everyone is decreased to being no more than servants. In The Odyssey, The Underworld, much better called Hades after the god who ruled it, was a dark and gloomy location where the tones, or souls, of those who passed away lived. You might go to three different locations in the Underworld, depending on your life in the world and what you had done. Many tones went to the Asphodel Fields, however prior to you entered you consumed from the Lethe River, causing you to forget whatever that had actually occurred in your previous life. Asphodel was an awful, gray, ghostly weed that covered the Fields.
This place was for the typical, daily individual, who not did anything special in his/her life. The second place they might go was the Elysian Fields or Elysium. Elysium was booked for the heroes, or people the gods favored. Regular feasts, banquets, and hunts were held there. The 3rd and final location you could go to was the lowest region of the world, called Tartarus. It was surrounded by a wall of bronze and beyond that three-fold layer of night. Tartarus, presided over by Kronos, was where the souls went who had defied the gods in ome way. The Hundred-headed Giants secured it. Around Tartarus is Phlegethon, with its flames and clashing rocks. One of the Furies, Tisiphone, sits upon the iron tower, with her bloody bathrobe, and sleep deprived day and night, secures the entryway. Through this much more vivid description, we see that society has evolved because The Epic of Gilgamesh and has actually become a much more complex location for that reason in need of much more in-depth moral guidelines. Through Odysseus’s descent into the underworld in book XI Homer utilizes many ight and dark referrals to highlight the death and rebirth style in this book– darkness symbolizing death and light symbolizing life and therefore rebirth. “… how is it then, unhappy man, you have left the sunshine and come here to search dead males, and this location without pleasure? (XI. 93-4). While in the underworld, Odysseus acquires insights about his ultimate return house. With this understanding, Odysseus and his team return to the world of the living, representing their renewal. Again, light and dark images are used to highlight this renewal.