The Odyssey– Two Men, One Journey
Throughout Greek and Roman mythology and its impressives, the physical and symbolic element of transformation reoccurs to express certain styles or to convey some type of meaning or message. For example, in the story of Callisto, the young and untamed virgin in the woods, under the care of Diana, is deceived by Zeus, who transforms himself and impregnates her. As a punishment for getting pregnant out of wedlock, Diana banishes Callisto, who gives birth to her child, Arcas and subsequently, turns into a bear.
Although Callisto maintains her motherly, human instinct, Arcas does not recognize his own mom and attempts to kill her. In an effort to save the mom of his child, Zeus steps in and sends both mom and boy into the paradises, turning them into surrounding constellations. Like in Homer’s Odyssey, the style of transformation and close parent-and-child relationship is not a far-fetched concept for Greek myth.
In Book II of The Odyssey, Athena reveals to Telemachus, Odysseus’ kid that, “You understand, few kids turn out to be like their daddies;/ The majority of end up even worse, a couple of much better. No, you do not have it in you to be a fool or a coward,/ And you’ve got something of Odysseus’ brains (349 ). Literally, as Athena states, Telemachus does have something of his dad’s brains, however not all. He is not as brave as his dad, but like him, he never forgets the idea of homecoming, loyalty, and decision. In lots of methods, Telemachus is a lower variation of Odysseus. For example, both experience physical, mental and emotional journeys that serve to establish their firm characters.
Unlike his daddy, though Telemachus does not have the brave qualities of Odysseus and considers himself as a young boy, instead of a guy. In the end, nevertheless, both Telemachus and Odysseus deal with extremely taxing difficulties, and require each other to survive. In the very first four books of the epic, Homer focuses much attention on Odysseus’ kid, Telemachus. Just an infant when his father leaves for the Trojan War, Telemachus was raised in a house without a father and a mom who would be dispirited mother, if not for Athena entering her dreams during the night to provide her hope that her other half would return.
As a result of his dad’s lack throughout his youth and young the adult years, Telemachus had little, if not any, experience when he left house to search for the truth about his father. Similar to Odysseus, the journey to Pylos and Sparta was challenging for immature Telemachus. Being the lesser and more naA ve version of his heroic daddy, Telemachus’ journey was not expected to entail eliminating the Cyclops, combating sexual desire and even Poseidon, god of the sea. No, the function of Telemachus’ journey was to represent the reality that Odysseus’ lion-heartedness could not be duplicated, even by his own boy.
However, Telemachus was on his method there, he simply was not rather there yet; and probably never would be. Homer includes a subtle metaphor for this in Books XXI and XXII, when Telemachus has difficulty stringing the acquiesce eliminate the suitors in his house during their banquet. For the very first time, both father and boy are interacting, not separately, to return things to the way they were prior to Odysseus left for war. When Odysseus is handed the bow, he says to Telemachus, Well Telemachus, the visitor in your hall/ Has actually not disgraced you.
I did not miss my target,/ Nor did I take all the time in stringing the bow ¦/ He spoke and lowered his brows. Telemachus,/ The true kid of godlike Odysseus, slung on/ His sharp sword, seized his spear, and shining in bronze/ Took his place by his dad’s side; ¦ (Homer’s Odyssey, Norton, p. 587). Telemachus’ effort at stringing the bow however stopping working, and turning to depending on his father finish the task with ease is symbolic of his attempt to mimic his unequaled father. For the duration of Homer’s Odyssey, Telemachus changes from a kid into a male in the look for the fact about his father.
Starting from an inexperienced kid whom the suitors did not take seriously, with the assistance of faith from Athena and his daddy, Telemachus makes the modification from boyhood to manhood. In Book XXI, Telemachus exclaims to his shocked mother, Penelope, “Go to your rooms,/ Mom, and look after your work,/ Spinning and weaving, and have the housemaids do theirs./ This bow is guys’s company, and my company/ Specifically, given that I am the master of this home, (Homer’s Odyssey, Norton, p. 585).
This is the very first time that Telemachus verbally saw himself as a man who can driving out the suitors and comprehends that it is his duty to expel the men who wish to take his mom as their bride-to-be and his house as their own. However, Telemachus is not able to do so by himself; he still requires the assistance of his father. On the other hand, Odysseus experiences his transformation on a more physical, rather than a psychological, level in order to assume his brave status. Camouflaged as a beggar, Odysseus is not readily succumbing to the exploitation that he receives from the men who are raiding his own house.
Rather, the determining Odysseus swallows his pride till he knows that he has secured faithful allies to assist him beat the suitors. Unlike Telemachus, he did not need to journey from boyhood to manhood, but required to use his transformation as a tool to outsmart his enemies. Although both daddy and boy experienced 2 very various physical journeys, they both got rid of battles throughout Homer’s Odyssey. In Odysseus’ case, the hero desired homecoming or nostos and did everything he could in order to return house to his family and estate in Ithaca.
He needed to endure losing most of his men after winning the war in Troy, being taken as a “hostage by a nymph for seven years, and seeing his own team being consumed alive and dismembered by a one-eyed giant. Odysseus’ battle and will to make it through can be summarized by the Friedrich Nietzsche quote, “To live is to suffer, to make it through is to find some significance in the suffering. Odysseus’s decision to return home was so strong, that no challenge, physical nor emotional, could obstruct of his supreme objective.
If he died, then whatever that he withstood and the lost lives of his crew-members would fail. On the other hand, Telemachus had to grow up understanding that the males who pillaged his house with the absence of his daddy wished to seduce, and eventually wed his mom. Certainly, this is not something that a kid wants to consider, especially when he can do nothing about it as he mentions in Book II, “And all those with power on rocky Ithaca/ Are courting my mother and destroying our house./ She declines to make a marital relationship she hates/ But can’t stop it either, (Homer’s Odyssey, Norton, p. 38). Besides this disturbing thought, Telemachus battles with the concept that his dad is dead and feels completely powerless until Athena intervenes and provides him hope that his daddy is still alive.
The boy understands that it is up to him to learn the reality about his father by visiting Pylos and King Menalaus and Queen Helen of Sparta, so that he can determine how to handle the suitors. Both dad and kid have strong feelings of decision to return things back to their original state, even if it implies putting their life at threat to do so.
In the end, the journey of Telemachus is a smaller-scale model of that of his dad, Odysseus. If it weren’t for the story of Telemachus, Homer’s Odyssey would simply be another heroic legendary, however instead, it acts as something moreover. It accomplishes the title of not just a heroic epic, but likewise a love story, a catastrophe, and uses the most humanistic trait to pluck heartstrings as Homer touches heavily on the undying will to survive. Regardless of the fact that the chances appear to be against both Telemachus and Odysseus, the gods stay on their side and guide them through their struggles to attain their supreme objective, unity.