The Odyssey ‘Telemachia’

The Odyssey ‘Telemachia’Books 1-4 1. The story of Agamemnon, Aegisthus, Orestes and Clytaemenstra is a recurring theme throughout these very first 4 books of the odyssey. The recommendations I have actually picked up on throughout the 4 books are as listed:– Reserve 1, page 4, Section 29-48. This is the very first referral to the story of Agamemnon, Aegisthus, Orestes and Clytaemenstra. In this, it is at an assembly of gods in Zeus’palace. Zeus, who would open discussion amongst them, remained in thought of the good-looking Aegisthus. Zeus discusses the gods being considered as the source of males’s trouble, and states that it is their own transgressions that bring them suffering. He continues to mention Aegisthus ‘destiny not being one where he

would take Agamemnon’s better half and murder her partner when he came home. Athene then speaks and says”Aegisthus’end was simply what he should have which might anyone who act as he did share his fate!”– Schedule 1, page 12, Area 298-303. Athene is informing Telemachus that he is no longer a child and should put childish thoughts behind him. She goes on to ask him”Have you not heard what a name Orestes made for himself in the world when he eliminated the shrewd Aegisthus for killing his worthy dad?”She then informs him that he has actually grown and should be as brave as Orestes. Schedule 3, page 36, Area 193-200. This recommendation is spoken by Nestor and is another support to be as brave as Orestes.– Schedule 3, page 37, Area 247-329. Telemachus asks Nestor to tell him what really happened, how did the royal Agamemnon fulfill his end? Where was Menelaus, and by what shrewd snare did that treacherous Aegisthus contrive to kill a guy far braver than himself? Was Menelaus away from Achaean Argos and wandering abroad? Is that why Aegisthus plucked up the guts to strike? All these concerns are addressed and Nestor gives one version of the Agamemnon return. Book 4, page 47, Area 90-93. A quick reference to Clytaemenstra’s treachery towards her partner and how it made it possible for Aegisthus(an enemy of our house) to strike unsuspecting Agamemnon down. The story of Agamemnon Brother of Menelaus, and leader of the Achaean forces at Troy, Agamemnon was murdered by his partner, Clytemnestra, and her lover, Aegisthus, upon his return from the war. While Agamemnon was at the war, Aegisthus cunningly courted and seduced his wife Clytaemenstra. Upon his return, at the treachery of his wife, he was eliminated by Aegisthus. He was later avenged by his kid Orestes, with killing of both Clytaemenstra and Aegisthus. Their story is continuously duplicated in the Odyssey to use an inverted picture of

the fortunes of Odysseus and Telemachus. More typically it was a recommendation to Telemachus in relation to the nerve of Orestes. It is utilized to construct Telemachus’ character. 2. Merely a baby when his daddy Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is still developing when the Odyssey starts. He is totally dedicated to his mother and to keeping his daddy’s estate, however he does not know how to protect them from the suitors. His conference with Athene in Book 1 substantially modifications things his character. Aside from enhancing his stature and bearing, she teaches him the duties of a

young prince. He soon ends up being more decisive, reputable, and assertive and slightly more fully grown. He confronts the suitors and announces the abuse of his estate, and when Penelope and Eurycleia become distressed or upset, he does not avoid taking control. He has a stout heart and an active mind, and in some cases even a bit of a temper, however he isn’t yet to plan with the very same ability or speak with rather the exact same fluency as Odysseus. Telemachus has not yet inherited his father’s brassy pride either. Telemachus also reveals indications of immaturity and feebleness sometimes. A recommendation of this is: Page 48, Section 113-115.”Menelaus’words stirred

in Telemachus, an overwhelming desire to weep, and when he became aware of his daddy he let the tears roll down his cheeks to the ground and with both hands held up his purple cape in front of his eyes “3. With the exception of 3, The Suitors are a mob, pack, gang or crowd of guys who can all be described as:– Fans, sheep (without minds of their own )– A mob, pack, gang or crowd of guys Impudent– Rude– Audacious– Rude– Un-heroic– Lazy and un-fit– Conniving– Sinister They are usurpers, attempting to take what is not theirs. E. g. Penelope and the home. The suitors had no idea of congenial behavior and were running Telemachus out of house and home, Telemachus fears for his wealth and mother with the suitors around. The suitors have no regard for the gods, rarely sacrifice or make offerings. Antinous:( Antagonistic )Leader and most big-headed of the gang of suitors. He is always the very first to speak. Antinous leads the project to have Telemachus killed. Unlike the other suitors, he is never ever represented sympathetically, and he will be the very first to pass away when Odysseus returns. Through Antinous, Homer depicts the behaviour of the suitors at its ugliest aspect. Eurymachus: He is the second essential suitor. He is a manipulative, deceiving suitor. Eurymachus ‘charisma and duplicity allows him to exercise some impact over the other suitors. Eurymachus is infact the favoured choice of Penelope’s dad and sibling for her to wed. Telemachus does not desire the suitors courting his mom and pressing into marriage her for he is optimistic of his dads return. With the suitors there and at his present development(Book 1-4 )he has no control over his house hold, and all his wealth and possessions. He is follower to the excellent Odysseus which can not be taken away from him by the suitors’intrusive exploit of his home hold. 4. Odysseus, king of Ithaca, honorable daddy of Telemachus and fond other half of Penelope. Odysseus has numerous superior qualities and physical strengths. He is often portrayed as god-like, with his excellent level of respectability and heroism. Odysseus can fittingly be explained using a few of the following terms:– Heroic– Gallant– God-like– Faithful Strong– Cunning– Dauntless– Bold– Great Hearted– Clever– Observant– Intelligent– Brave– Excellent And is physically strong, handsome, stocky, agile, and experienced, and has great physical prowess. We discover of Odysseus ‘whereabouts and ten year involvement in the war. Before his return to Ithaca, he is held hesitantly in exile on nymph calypso’s island ogygia, for seven years. After this he spends 3 years on experiences, one of those years with Circe, and visits the Phaeacians. 5. Among the most stand-out re-occurring themes throughout the odyssey is the concept of the hospitality custom. Today’s view of hospitality is nothing of what it remained in Homeric times. Hospitality in the odyssey had numerous key points to it, these include:– Present giving and generosity, providing presents was a display of brave qualities and showed the degree of the givers wealth.– Fine good manners, visitors were invited enthusiastically, they are bathed, provided fresh clothes if required and they are fed, then after all this they can be questioned.( Who they are? Where they are from? What the reason for their check out is?)Then they are well wanted on safe journeys. Feasts, banquets are

constantly appearing in the odyssey, banquets and sacrifices to the gods. Women’s status was conventionally one without the means for brave virtues. They looked after the household or dealt with specific tasks according to her status. These times were significantly male controlled and in a sense ladies belonged to guys. 6. Penelope is represented fairly favorably throughout the odyssey. She can be referred to as a”loyal”wife with common sense and control. She possesses adequate intelligence. She likewise may seem indecisive for not choosing a suitor to wed, but this actually is just Penelope using her hrewdness to bide time until either Odysseus returns or Telemachus comes of fully grown age and rids the Palace of the Suitors. Although she has such great qualities such as graciousness, loyalty and is a schemer, she is also referred to as sceptic(doubts that Odysseus will return). She is described by Antinous in book 2, section 119-123 as having no equal, not even in story and her wits compared to that of former Achaean beauties such as Tyro, Alcmene and Mycene, Antinous specifying that these appeals didn’t even have such wits at their command. But in saying this, Penelope is too, deceitful in the method she has been leading the suitors on. She reveals a great deal of cunning unraveling the shroud that she stated to the suitors, when finished she would re-marry. She is also described by Antinous in his speech as being twofaced(duplicity). Helen is the wife of Menelaus and queen of Sparta. Helen is referred to as looking like the goddess Artimes, sister of the stunning Apollo as she boils down from her lofty scented space in book 4. Helen is depicted to some extent negatively and in a various way to Penelope. She was disloyal to king Menelaus, her spouse, by going off to Troy with Paris, resulting in numerous Greeks and Trojans losing their lives and beginning the Trojan War. This reveals that Helen is treacherous and disloyal and these are particularly bad features to have for a female in The Odyssey. Although she was disloyal to Menelaus, she still returned to Sparta with him. She did nevertheless regret her decision of going to troy, this appears in book 4, on line 146 where she says “Shameless creature that I was”in regretful celebration. She shows that she had changed her mind and stated that she had assisted Odysseus in the sacking of Troy. It is a not sure fact that these claims are true. She is additional represented negatively when she uses the drugs in book 4, an act which was related to witchcraft in Homeric times. There is a parallel among Helen and Clytaemenstra seeing as how they were both disloyal to their partners. There is an excellent contrast and oppression in between Penelope and Helen, in the sense that Penelope? has’been devoted to her other half Odysseus, but he has not yet returned and Helen? as not’ been loyal to Menelaus but she still has him. 7. The gods who play a very essential function in the very first 4 books are Zeus, Athene and Poseidon. Athene seizes the most considerable role out of all the gods in the first 4 books.

Initially, she goes to Ithaca and motivates Telemachus to call an assembly; she then encourages him to go in search of news about his daddy and accompanies him along the way disguised as Mentor one of Odysseus’oldest pals. She is continuously assisting Telemachus in his journey. Zeus is the King of all the gods and plays the function of overseeing the events in Ithaca. He doesn’t play as much of a part as Poseidon or Athene as he simply gives Athene consent to interfere with Telemachus and influence him to go in search of his daddy. Poseidon is the grounds for all the troubles which Odysseus, Telemachus and Penelope face throughout the first four books. He triggered these issues by delaying Odysseus’return to Ithaca, due to the fact that if Odysseus went back to Ithaca instantly after the Trojan War there would be no Suitors after Penelope’s hand in marriage, Which isn’t such a bad thing since it permits Telemachus to construct character and mature. The gods in general are all understanding, immortal and effective beings. They have human faults and can likewise take the kind of any human or animal which they please. The god’s function was to administer justice and values and they just help those with qualities currently.(Only help those who help themselves )”What a

lamentable thing it is that guys must blame the gods and concern us as the source of their own difficulties, when it is their own transgressions which bring them suffering that was not their destiny.(Book 1, area 33-36)This declaration made by Zeus basically summarized the role of the gods. Gods might interfere and wield power over male, however it is mans own fault if they bring about a destiny which was not intended for them. 8. Among the first things that strikes numerous readers about the Odyssey, specifically in contrast to the majority of modern books and stories, is that we are plainly here in the existence of a really sophisticated story

teller who is manipulating particular conventions of fiction in exceptional methods. Some key points of Homer’s literary style are: Structure, The structure of the odyssey is a narrative poem; tells a story or presents a narrative in a design that is extremely versatile yet very intricate. -Flash backs, accomplish information of the past, add intricacy and more depth to the story, Flashbacks assist to make the story more fascinating and help to draw the reader into the story, They are typically used to give the reader a better view on the general image of the story. Essential information about characters and aspects of the story are revealed through using flashbacks. Relevant Subjects Readers Likewise Choose Odysseus Arrogance Prices Estimate An example of this would be Menelaus’ story of his return and variation of his bro Agamemnon’s death.- Repetition, Repeating is used to stress epithets, similes, and speeches. Making use of repeating also assists add to the spellbinding effect of the story. The main type of repeating used by Homer is in the descriptions and usage of images in the text. For instance Athene is constantly referenced in the text together with her eyes. She is normally described as the brilliant eyed Athene or the brilliant eyed goddess. Images, There are lots of types of imagery that are utilized in Homer’s literature. There is substantial use of imagery in the descriptions utilized by Homer. Not just do these descriptions evoke brilliant images however they are put into terms of the existing time period and society that the stories are in. Using these gadgets allows the story to relate to its listeners and provide a much deeper connection to the story. There is extensive use of imagery in the descriptions used by Homer. Similes and metaphors, Homer uses similes and metaphors to

  • heighten and overemphasize the
  • description of characters (God like Odysseus), occasions and happenings.-Styles, one of the main themes throughout the first four books that is extensively brought up is the style of hospitality. This theme is raised so typically due to the fact that it is a crucial feature of the odyssey, and requires to be worried. If individuals didn’t understand of the importance of hospitality in the book, then it would not make good sense.(Bibliography? Homer, The Odyssey)

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