The Odyssey Study Guide (Books 9-16)
THE ODYSSEY– Notes IX. BOOK 9 A. Odysseus Exposes Identity, Informs Phaeacians About Ismarus and Cicones i. Odysseus reluctanty shares his identity with Phaeacians ii. Odysseus then information his experiences, beginning after his triumph at Troy iii. Odysseus and males cruise to Ismarus, stronghold of Cicones iv. They quickly sack the city, eliminate the men, shackle the ladies and ransack v. Odysseus alerts males to leave with their riches, however they neglect him vi. Cicones counterattack and thrashing the Greeks vii. Odysseus and males retreat back to sea, losing 6 men per ship B. Island of Lotus Eaters, Odysseus Saves His Men. Zeus sends out a storm that drives Odysseus and males out to sea for 9 days prior to they come to the Island of the Lotus Eaters ii. Lotus Eaters consume fruit that makes them forget everything except fruit iii. 2 of Odysseus Guys consume the fruit and forget about home iv. Odysseus handles to drag them back to the ship and leave C. Land of Cyclopes, Polyphemus Captures, ‘Nobody’ Blinded Polyphemus i. Odysseus and guys arrive at Land of Cyclopses and eat some goats ii. They reach mainland and discover a cave of sheep, milk and cheese iii. They take arrangements and sheep however do not leave right away iv.
Polyphemus, Cyclops and Poseidon’s kid, returns to cave v. Polyphemus friendly in the beginning, then eats 2 guys and record the rest vi. Odysseus offers Polyphemus some wine, gets him drunk, and blinds him in his sleep vii. Odysseus states his name is ‘Nobody’, and Polyphemus yells to the other Cyclopes that ‘Nobody’ is eliminating him, they leave viii. Odysseus wants to kill Polyphemus, but only Polyphemus can move the boulder obstructing their course ix. Odysseus and men leave with sheep, and lastly yells his name x. Polyphemus hears Odysseus name and contacts us to his daddy Poseidon and requests revenge
X. BOOK 10 A. Aeolus Gives Winds, Practically Return To Ithaca, Men Open Bag Of Winds i. Odysseus and men travel to house of Aeolus, Ruler of Winds ii. Aeolus provides Odysseus a bag full of the winds other than West Wind, and uses West Wind to send him home iii. After ten days, Odysseus and guys can see Ithaca and are nearly home iv. Guy believe that Aeolus gave Odysseus gold and tear open bag v. Winds are launched and blow them all the way back to Aeolus vi. Aeolus declines to assist them a second time, says that Odysseus is disliked by the gods and they want to do him harm B.
Laestrygonians, King Antiphates Eats Men, Only Odysseus’s Ship Endures i. Without the winds, ships need to row and reach Laestrygonians ii. Laestrygonians end up being cannibalistic giants, consume Odysseus’s guys iii. Odysseus and making it through men return to their ships, but Laestrygonians throw huge stones and sink many of the ships iv. Just Odysseus’s ship and his team make it through and get away C. Circe Changes Guy To Pigs, Hermes Assists, Odysseus Beds Circe, Circe Helps i. Odysseus and men get to Aeaea, home to the witch-goddess Circe ii. Circe drugs Odysseus’s guys and alter them in to pigs iii.
Odysseus goes to rescue them and satisfies Hermes in disguise iv. Hermes informs Odysseus to consume moly to safeguard him from Circe’s drug and lunge at Circe when she enters strike him with her sword v. Odysseus beats Circe and forces her to alter his men back to human beings vi. Odysseus bed Circe for a year, guys finally encourage him to go home vii. Odysseus asks Circe how to return home, she states he needs to go to Hades to ask Tiresias the blind prophet how to finally return home viii. One of Odysseus males broke his neck and passed away right before they left XI. BOOK 11 A.
Odysseus Brings In Dead, Tiresias Reveals, Meets Other Famous Dead i. Odysseus takes a trip to Land of the Dead, near Cimmerians ii. Odysseus and males carry out rites and sacrifices to summon dead iii. First dead to reveal is man who broke neck, asks to be properly buried iv. Tiresias appears, states Poseidon penalizing them for Polyphemus’s eye v. Tiresias says Odysseus will return house, recover partner and palace from suitors, and travel to a far-off land to appease Poseidon vi. Tiresias caution him not to touch cattle of Sun, otherwise guys will pass away vii. Odysseus mother appears, informs him she died and about Ithaca viii.
Odysseus asks to sleep, Phaeacians ask Odysseus who else he saw: Agamemnon, Achilles, Sisyphus, Heracles, King Minos, Orion, etc. ix. Souls ask Odysseus about their enjoyed ones, Odysseus fears them, leaves XII. BOOK 12 A. Go Back To Aeaea, Circe Advises, Sirens’ Island, i. Odysseus sail back to Circe, buries Elpenor, and spends night with Circe ii. Circe uses suggestions on the trials Odysseus will face, he tells his males iii. Odysseus reaches Sirens’ Island, who sings about the future and attempts to encourage sailors to sail to the Sirens and to their deaths iv.
Odysseus plugs males’s ears with beeswax as Circe informed him, and has them tie him to the mast v. Odysseus hears the Sirens and pleads to be launched, but males connect him tighter B. Scylla A Six-Headed Monster, Charybdis A Giant Whirlpool, Attack i. Odysseus and males reach straits between Scylla and Charybdis ii. Circe informed them to hug the cliffs to prevent Charybdis, otherwise she would swallow the entire ship iii. They gaze at Charybdis, and Scylla consumes six guys, one for each head C. Island of the Sun, Men Consume Sun Cattle, Zeus Penalizes Odysseus and Men i. Odysseus reach Thrinacia, Island of the Sun i. Odysseus wants to leave, but males want to rest there iii. A storm delays their journey on Island for a month iv. Guy run out of food and Eurylochus eliminates Livestock of the Sun to consume v. Sun tells Zeus of the butchered livestock, Zeus sends another storm vi. Zeus’s storm ruins the ship, kills the guys, sweeps Odysseus back to Charybdis which he narrowly leaves vii. Odysseus finally washes ashore on Ogygia, Island of Calypso XIII. BOOK 13 A. Odysseus Finishes His Tale, Odysseus Sets Sail, Team Leave Him on Coast i. Odysseus finishes telling Phaeacians his tale, wants to leave ii.
King Alcinous loads gifts onto ship, and Odysseus leaves at sunset iii. Odysseus sleeps the entire night, Phaeacian crew commands ship iv. Odysseus still asleep when reached Ithaca, team carefully bring him and his presents to coast and sail back to their house B. Poseidon Sees Odysseus, Asks Zeus To Punish Phaeacians, Ship Turns To Stone i. Poseidon sees Odysseus has made it safely to Ithaca, becomes furious ii. Poseidon asks Zeus to punish Phaeacians since they assisted Odysseus iii. When Phaeacians pulled into Scheria harbor, Poseidon fulfills prophecy at end of Book 8, as ship turns to stone and sinks to bottom of ocean iv.
Onlookers one shore right away acknowledge prediction was fulfilled and choose to desert custom-made of helping wayward tourists C. Odysseus Wakes, Athena Conceals Ithaca, Odysseus And Athena Strategy i. Odysseus wakes and does not acknowledge Ithaca ii. Athena has shrouded Ithaca in mist while she prepares next move iii. Odysseus first thinks Phaeacians have taken him somewhere else iv. Athena camouflaged as shepherd tells Odysseus he is in Ithaca v. Odysseus refuses to reveal his identity until he knows hers vi. Athena is delighted by Odysseus’s cunning and tricks, she tells him it is time to use his wits to punish suitors vii.
Athena informs Odysseus to hide with swineherder Eumaeus which Telemachus has gone is search of brand-new of him viii. Athena makes Odysseus lool like an old beggar so nobody will know him XIV. BOOK 14 A. Odysseus In Disguise, Eumaeus Speak about Odysseus i. Odysseus finds Eumaeus and Eumaeus does not recognize him ii. Eumaeus welcomes Odysseus inside, and Eumaeus states he misses Odysseus iii. Eumaeus applauds Odysseus and curses the suitors, but fears will never ever see Odysseus again B. Odysseus Reassures, Eumaeus Cares For Odysseus, “Beggar” Says From Crete i. Odysseus says Eumaeus will see master again quickly, Eumaeus disbelieves ii.
Eumaeus states has actually seen a lot of liars go to Penelope searching for reward iii. Eumaeus gives Odysseus food, location to sleep, and a cloak for the cold iv. Odysseus lies and states he is from Crete, that he fought with Odysseus, tried to take a trip to Egypt however lost everything, and heard there Odysseus lives XV. BOOK 15 A. Athena Discovers Telemachus in Sparts, Athena Advises Telemachus i. Athena travels to Spart and finds Telemachus and Pisistratus ii. Athena informs Telemachus he need to hurry house before suitors make his mother marry among them iii. She likewise cautions him of the ambush they set and how to prevent it iv.
Athena finally tells him to head for swineherder Eumaeus first B. Telemachus Leaves, Promise, Drops off Pisistratus, Picks Up Theoclymenus i. Telemachus states he is leaving and Menelaus and Helen offer him gifts ii. They see an eagle carrying a stolen goose swoop down beside him iii. Helen says good omen, that Odysseus will swoop down and take revenge iv. Telemachus drops Pisistratus in Pylos at his ship v. Telemachus states has no time to see Nestor, he must rush home vi. Choices up popular prophet Theoclymenus who is running from an allegation that he dedicated murder in Argos, takes him to Ithaca C.
Odysseus Test Eumaeus, They Swap Stories, Telemachus Returns Home i. Odysseus test limitations of Eumaeus’s hospitality and says will leave soon, hoping Eumaeus will enable him to remain longer ii. Odysseus states will work for suitors, but Eumaeus will not let him, states working for the suitors is suicide iii. Eumaeus swaps stories with Odysseus, says he was a prince that was stolen by Phoenician pirates until Laertes, Odysseus daddy, bought him and Odysseu’s mom raised him as one of her own children iv. Telemachus reaches Ithaca and lets crew go to city v. Telemachus delegates Theoclymenus to loyal crewman, Piraeus vi.
They see a hawk fly by bring a dove in its talons, which Theoclymenus states is a beneficial indication of strength of Odysseus’s home and family tree XVI. BOOK 16 A. Telemachus Sees Odysseus in Disguise, Eumaeus Heads To Tell Penelope i. Telemachus reaches Eumaeus’s hut and fulfill Odysseus (in camouflage) ii. Eumaeus tells Odysseus’s story and tells Odysseus go with Telemachus iii. Telemachus hesitates of what suitors might do, Eumaeus goes alone B. Odysseus Really Fulfills His Child, Odysseus and Telemachus Strategy Massacre i. Athena eliminates Odysseus beggar camouflage, Telemachus sees his dad ii.
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Initially Telemachus does not believe him, however they quickly hug and cry iii. Odysseus recounts his trip with Phaeacians and the 2 start to plan iv. They prepare to introduce surprise attack on suitors, with Odysseus in disguise v. Telemachus will conceal palace’s weapons where suitors can’t reach them and Telemachus and Odysseus can, then they will kill all the suitors C. News Telemachus’s Return, Suitors Plot, Penelope Accuses, Eurymachus Soothes i. Prior to Eumaeus can speak with Penelope, news of Telemachus’s return reaches the palace and everybody knows he is back securely ii.
Suitors upset that their assassination plot did not work, plot once again iii. Antinous wants to put Telemachus to death prior to he can bring the suitors’ plans to light iv. Amphinomus, a thoughtful and well-behaved suitor, recommends waiting on a sign from the gods prior to doing anything rash v. Penelope accuses Antinous in the palace for outlining against her child, the details that Medon overheard and told her in Book 4 vi. Eurymachus succeeds in calming Penelope down with lies and false issue for Telemachus’s security