The Odyssey literary elements

The Odyssey literary elements

!.?.!? Vanshika Mullick Mr. Finken Honors English I April 3, 2014 Irony producing components of surprise Paradox is typically utilized by authors to develop an aspect of surprise or humor and to increase and improve their work. Homer, author of The Odyssey, is among the lots of authors who use this literary technique well. In The Odyssey, Homer has provided paradox to produce an aspect of surprise to the character and to the audience. There a great deal of circumstances throughout The Odyssey where Odysseus exists however individuals around him do not quite know it is him, however when they do be familiar with, they are absolutely shocked-creating significant paradox.

There are also instances where the way the characters act or respond to a number of circumstances leaves the audience absolutely shocked-creating situational irony. There are a lot of instances in The Odyssey where the existence of Odysseus is unidentified to the characters however is known to the audience and when the characters learn more about this, they are left utterly amazed. Penelope, Odysseus’s faithful wife, has been badly awaiting Odysseus for twenty years. So when this beggar claims to “have news of Odysseus at hand alive”(17. 690-691), she questions him frantically wanting to know about her spouse’s location.

Now, what is dramatically ironic is that there he sits, just inches away from his wife and addresses her as “O respectable spouse of Lord Odysseus”(19. 195), however he can not tell her who he is just yet. The audience knows that this beggar is Odysseus. But when Penelope sees Odysseus, she is so stunned! Early in The Odyssey, we see that Athena is like Telemakhos’s coach and is assisting him get to his daddy. After being encouraged by Athena, who knew that Odysseus was caught on Kalypso’s island, Telemakhos says that, “I will go to sandy Pylos, then to Sparta, for news of Father” (2. 204-205).

Right after Athena sends out Telemakhos on a journey, she requests her dad Zeus to “buy Odysseus house; let him leave” (5. 35) and handles to get Odysseus freed from Kalypso’s island. What is dramatically paradoxical here is that both dad and child are leaving to go towards each other when neither of them knows the other has left to find the other. Homer is plainly using Athena in this scene to produce significant irony, for she does not tell Telemakhos that his father is coming back house. Telemakhos is not even hinted by Athena of the fact that Odysseus is alive which he will soon return.

The audience knows of Odysseus’ presence on Kalypso’s island. Homer has actually utilized situational paradox in The Odyssey, however rather than developing a component of surprise to the characters, it produces a component of surprise to the audience since what really happens is not what the audience would expect. Odysseus has actually been very unfaithful to his other half, Penelope, throughout the twenty years he was gone. He was at Kalypso’s island for 7 years and he “lay with her each night” (5. 163). When he is actually trapped at Kirke’s island with all his men turned into animals, he uses smooth talk and enters “Kirke’s flawless bed of love” (10. 90) to get her aid. What truly develops the situational irony is that despite the fact that Odysseus has betrayed to Penelope, he checks her to see if she has actually been devoted to him. It is situational irony due to the fact that the audience would expect Odysseus to spare his wife’s being unfaithful (if she had actually betrayed) given that he has actually not been extremely loyal to her himself. Later when Odysseus has actually returned home after all these, the audience would expect Penelope, who had been badly waiting on him for twenty years, to face his arms and be happy. However, she keeps aloof from him and this surprises the audience along with the characters!

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Odysseus is very shocked and he says that Penelope’s heart is “iron in her breast” (23. 194)! In The Odyssey, Homer has provided paradox to produce an element of surprise to the character and to the audience. There are a lot of circumstances in The Odyssey where the presence of Odysseus is unknown to the characters but is understood to the audience and when the characters are familiar with about this, they are left utterly amazed. Likewise, when Athena sends Telemakhos away although she knows where Odysseus is, the audience has more details than the characters.

Both of these examples create remarkable paradox. Situational paradox has likewise been utilized, but rather than creating an element of surprise to the characters, it develops a component of surprise to the audience since what really takes place is not what the audience would expect. Homer has clearly and efficiently used the literary technique of irony-it has improved his work, developed humor, and has actually definitely made The Odyssey more interesting to read. Works Pointed Out Homer. The Odyssey. Ed. Robert Fitzgerald. New York City: Alfred A. Knopf. 1998. Print.

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