The Odyssey – Classical Piece Of Greek Literature

The Odyssey– Classical Piece Of Greek Literature

The Odyssey, by Homer, is a classical piece of Greek literature. Throughout The Odyssey, Homer uses lots of literary strategies in order to offer indicating to the poem beyond its significance as a work of historic fiction and assist his readers in the comprehension of the story. One of these strategies is using concepts. In The Odyssey, maybe the most essential of Homer’s motifs is the symbolic death and renewal style. This theme is utilized throughout The Odyssey to stress the development and maturation of the characters. The very first example of the concept of symbolic death and rebirth accompanies Telemachus early in the book.

Telemachus, in book I, is gone to by the goddess Athena in camouflage. In their conversation, Telemachus reveals the discomfort and suffering that he is experiencing as an outcome of living without understanding the status of his daddy, fearing that he is dead. “He’s gone, no indication, no word of him; and I acquire trouble and tears-and not for him alone (Homer, I. 278-80).” Symbolically, at this point in the text, Telemachus is dead. He is willing to take no action to save his home from the suitors or take any initiative to identify the status of his missing out on dad. However, his symbolic death leads to rebirth.

Athena, camouflaged as Mentes, brings Telemachus back to life. She convinces him that he must take action to protect the home and identify the fate of his father. This triggers Telemachus to take control of his daddy’s function in the home and journey forward to gather information about his missing out on father. His rebirth is further performed in the story when he is reunited with his daddy; together, the 2 act to gain back control of their family from the suitors. The next example of the death and rebirth concept occurs with our introduction to the story’s main character and hero, Odysseus. Homer introduces Odysseus on the Kalypso’s island.

Odysseus’s stay with Kalypso would trigger his demise, as that was the fate of mortals who coped with goddesses. On a more symbolic level, Odysseus was dead to the world as Kalypso prohibits him from leaving the island and forces him to do her bidding. Odysseus was born-again, however, at the hands of Hermes, who was a messenger for Zeus. Hermes tells Kalypso that Odysseus is to be freed so Odysseus develops a raft and sets out for home. This symbolic renewal is highlighted by Odysseus’s introduction from the ocean on the island of the Phaiakians. He is washed ashore with absolutely nothing, his raft is damaged and he is totally naked.

This naked introduction can also be seen as symbolic of birth. Another recommendation to this renewal is found at the end of book V. “As when a man buries a burning log in a black ash load in a remote place in the nation, where none live near as next-door neighbors, and saves the seed of fire, having no other place to get a light from … (The Odyssey, Latimore, V. 488-91).” The expression “seed of the fire” is used by Homer particularly to refer to the renewal of Odysseus. The term “seed” clearly evokes reproductive and birth images that would not be connected with a less metaphorical recommendation.

Odysseus’s experience with the Kyklope Polyphemus is another circumstances in which Homer uses the death and rebirth concept occurs with. Odysseus and his guys are caught in the cave of Polyphemus, which represents their death. This death is more emphasized when Odysseus describes himself as “No one”. As Homer later on recounts, those in the underworld are genuinely no ones; they have no interaction with the living world and can not even communicate. Odysseus is born-again through his own resourcefulness and cleverness as he escaped Polyphemus’s cavern and announced to the Kyklopes his real identity, once again making himself born into the realm of mortals.

The symbolic rebirth of Odysseus can be stressed by the cave, which can be seen as a sign of the womb, for that reason making Odysseus’ development from the Kyklope’s cavern a true rebirth. The next example of the death and rebirth concept is a rather obvious one that has little symbolic inference: Odysseus’ descent into the underworld in book XI. Homer uses numerous light and dark recommendations to stress the death and renewal theme in this book. Darkness representing death and light symbolizing life and therefore rebirth. While in the underworld, Odysseus gets insights about his eventual return house.

With this understanding, Odysseus and his team go back to the world of the living, symbolizing their renewal. Again, light and dark images are utilized to emphasize this rebirth. “Summering Dawn has dancing grounds there, and the Sun his increasing? (Homer, XII. 3-4).” As shown in the preceding line, Odysseus returns from the Underworld to the location where the sun increases; the significance is apparent. The death and rebirth theme surfaces again in book XIII. Odysseus, after visiting the underworld, is returning house to Ithaca. During the long voyage, he is checked out by Arete’s serving females.

The females bring Odysseus presents and put him into a deep sleep, which Homer himself compares to death. “The bent to their rowing, and with oars gambled the sea spray, and upon the eyes of Odysseus there fell a sleep, gentle, the sweetest sort of sleep with no awakening, many like death … (The Odyssey, Latimore, XIII. 78-81).” Again, this death is followed by rebirth. The Phaiakians leave the sleeping. This theme is re-emphasized in this book since a number of the people of Ithaca believe that Odysseus in fact is dead. They will see his return from the underworld as a real rebirth.

Penelope is Homer’s next automobile to reinforce the death and renewal concept. In book XVIII, Athena triggers Penelope to undergo a deep sleep, which Penelope connects with death. “How I want chaste Artemis would offer me a death so soft … (The Odyssey, Latimore, XVIII. 202).” While sleeping, Athena boosts Penelope’s looks in anticipation of Odysseus’s return. Penelope awakens looking younger, taller, and more beautiful. After she awakens Penelope talk with her child and makes a conclusive statement condemning the suitors; something she had never done before in public.

Really, this represents a renewal and awakening in the character of Penelope. The last example of the death and renewal theme in The Odyssey occurs in book XXIV when Odysseus is reunited with his daddy, Laertes. Laertes passes out when he realizes that his kid has actually returned. This fainting symbolizes his death. When he awakens, and is for that reason born-again, he has a brand-new love for life and no longer wants death to surpass him. In general, the death and rebirth style makes an extremely crucial contribution to The Odyssey.

Throughout the work, Homer uses this style for numerous reasons. Primarily, it assists the reader gain much better understanding into what is one of the more important underlying themes in the whole book: one should never ever give up on living. Homer informs his tale and emphasizes that, although a circumstance may seem insurmountable, there is always an option that, if taken, will not only sustain life however likewise provide some valuable insight or experience. This theme of The Odyssey is a universal one, which genuinely helps to represent the timelessness example of Homer’s work.

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