The Crucible: a Literary Analysis
The Crucible: A Literary Analysis In 1692, Salem was populated by Puritans who believed in black-and-white lines in between excellent and evil. The powers of darkness were real forces to them, which might create chaos and damage on society if let loose. The system of federal government was that God was the true leader of society, and he revealed his will through the actions of males and females. In the Old Testimony, we hear stories of how God led directly through Moses; Salem, likewise, was led through guys who were expected to be straight connected to God.
In theory, if you believe in a loving God, this ought to work; however in practice, males lust after power despite their principles. This implied that God’s power was mediated through guys, and males made the guidelines. Among those rules were stringent guidelines for what it meant to be a Christian, and what it indicated to follow God. Miller explains the forest as the last bastion of wicked according to Puritan understanding, so the forest where Abigail and the ladies danced was seen as ruled by the Devil– while the town of Salem was ruled by God.
The whole play is about the moral contradictions going on in Salem at this time, and how its stringent religious theology ended up being twisted and resulted in the death of innocent individuals. Nowhere in this play exists of a reference of the word “crucible.” What the heck is a crucible anyhow? Well, it’s a piece of lab equipment utilized to heat chemical substances to extremely heats or to melt metal. It’s a little container filled with violent responses. Seems like a pretty good metaphor for the violent hysteria that the little town of Salem contained during the witch trials.
Yes, Salem became a “crucible” for lots of people living there when they were brought prior to the spiritual court and accused falsely of being witches. If an accused individual did not confess, she was hanged. If she did confess, she was spared death however marked for life as a person who worshipped the Devil. Under such conditions, numerous characters in this play, specifically the main characters, John and Elizabeth Proctor, are required to face their own internal demons, a process that eventually leads to internal, spiritual improvement. The play opens in Betty Parris’s bed room.
Her dad, the Reverend Parris, is wondering what is wrong with her. He soon finds out that all over town, there are reports that she’s been bewitched. He does not want to think it, but the night previously, he did capture his niece Abigail, his child Betty, and some other town ladies dancing in the forest. That’s bad enough, but he believes he may have seen a dress on the ground, which means naked dancing, and he knows he saw a cauldron. However for now, he’s not pointing out these things to any person as he determines what to do. He’s worried that if there is witchcraft in his home, his career and individual wealth will be ruined.
Before Tituba is given Betty’s space to be questioned, Abigail threatens the other women not to breathe a word of the fact, aside from what she has currently revealed, and we find out that Abigail is a treacherous individual. She informs Proctor that Betty is not truly ill; she just got scared when her dad found them the night prior to. Abigail lets Proctor in on the secret, then challenges him and asks him to reveal his love for her. He rejects her, and states she needs to forget him. However we recognize that Proctor remains in for a rough ride, offered Abigail’s misleading actions up until now. When Hale challenges Abigail about the witchcraft, she blames Tituba.
Confronted with the power of the minister and the risk of death if she doesn’t admit, Tituba admits everything and also declares she’s seen other ladies in town with the Devil. Then the women start to declare that they, too, saw these women with the Devil. As the witch hysteria moves through the town, increasingly more women are detained as witches. Their trials are swift and rapid and almost all are convicted. If they confess, however, they are launched. Soon, nevertheless, the women stop blaming the town’s less respectable citizens and start accusing the spiritual and reputable Rebecca Nurse and Martha Corey.
Elizabeth warns her partner to put a stop to it by telling the court what he heard Abigail state. However she’s far too late. When Abigail sees her opportunity to accuse Elizabeth, she takes it. After observing Mary Warren make a doll (poppet) and stick a needle in it during among the trials, she later on declares that someone stuck a needle in her. She states it is Elizabeth Proctor’s spirit that has done it, and evidence will be found in the poppet in her house. Certainly, the poppet is discovered and Elizabeth is jailed. John Proctor attempts to get his wife released from jail by interesting the court.
His confessions of infidelity with Abigail, and the stopped working statement of Mary Warren, bring things to the boiling point. Proctor brings Mary Warren to court, where she admits that she was lying and never ever saw spirits. Unfortunately, she can’t reproduce her fake hysteria without the other ladies doing it, too. Abigail and the other ladies start to pretend that Mary Warren herself is bewitching them, even as they all stand there. All appears lost up until Proctor confesses that Abigail is a slut, that he dedicated adultery with her. Abigail rejects it, but Danforth calls Elizabeth Proctor out to ask her if her hubby is a lecher.
Proctor has actually ensured Danforth that his wife never ever lies, but in this case, she does, in order to safeguard his name. Danforth sends her away. Mary Warren takes the chance to redeem herself and rejoin her social group by all of a sudden implicating Proctor of making her indication her name in Satan’s book. She joins the women once again, admitting that she is now with God again. John Proctor is apprehended as a witch. Elizabeth and John discuss whether he ought to admit– and hence save his life– on the day he is set up to hang in the gallows. Just before his death, the ministers and authorities of the court permit Elizabeth Proctor to speak with her other half.
They hope she can persuade him to admit, to conserve himself from death. Instead, Elizabeth lets him understand that she forgives him for his indiscretions with Abigail, which she shares in the blame. She feels he is taking her sin upon himself. Proctor decides he wants to live and consents to confess. Reverend Parris applauds God. When Proctor recognizes that in order to confess, he not only needs to sign his name to a composed document, however he should also knock his buddies as witches, he can’t do it. It is one thing to lie about himself, but it is another thing to ruin his friends’ track records.
Instead of an incorrect confession, he decides to go to the gallows. When Proctor chooses to tear up the confession, he conserves his soul. Up until that moment, he has actually chosen to confess in part to save his life however in part because he does not seem like he should have to die in this manner, as a martyr and a saint. But when he picks death, he acknowledges his essential goodness as a man. The Crucible ends with John Proctor marching off to a martyr’s death. By declining to lie and confess to witchcraft, he sacrifices his life in the name of truth. At the end of the play, Proctor has in some method restored his goodness.