temptation in the odyssey
!.?.!? The antagonist, Temptation This essay has to do with temptation in the Odyssey, more specifically temptation and its role in the book. Demonstrating how food shows everyday temptation and how Odysseus recklessness causes his own troubled journey home. Temptation in laments terms is the desire to do something you know you should not do. This style is something that is repeated constantly throughout the Odyssey in a plethora of methods and for numerous reasons. It reveals on a scale how human and mortal the characters really are.
At the 2 extremes of the scale there are those who are favored by the gods and are even in some cases called “god like” and there are those who are simply mortals, no special treatment from up high. Yet all fall pray to temptation at some point in time, event he great “god like Odysseus”. You will never see a god succumb to temptation in the odyssey, for it would ruin the message and significance of temptation on humanity. It is suggested to discreetly reveal that we as humans are imperfect, that no matter how high we reach and how honorable we are we are still mortals and therefor vulnerable to any and all mortal weak points.
We are not able to manage it due to the fact that we are human, and due to the fact that we are human we are not able to control it. Temptation in the odyssey does more than simply mean and reinforce our humankind in contrast to the gods, it goes much deeper and starts to speak about how as humans we need to act and act. To be come down with temptation shows our mankind, however to exaggerate on it and reveal what takes place if you constantly loose to temptation you start to see the difference between a civil human being and a non-civil human. Loosing that civility puts you in a really low place in society.
The Odyssey is an encoded “how to live in Greek society”. It discusses how to be items hosts, how to deal with individuals, how to behave and on and on the list will go. Temptation by food seems to be pointed out more than any other kind of temptation. That is not to state that each time a character consumes bread or beverages red wine that some higher force tempts him. It likewise functions as part of a cultural function through banquets for celebration and with the act of xenia through out the book. Food is featured a lot in a great deal of the scenes and serves as more of a basic declaration about temptation in The Odyssey. Of all the cities he saw, the minds he comprehended, the suffering deep in his heart at sea as he struggled to endure and bring his men home however could not save them, hard as he tried- the fools- damaged by their own recklessness when they consumed the oxen of Hyperion the Sun, which god offed their day of return”1. The really first scene in the book discuss temptation and the “recklessness” of Odysseus’s crew. This scene is later on illustrated when Odysseus is describing his journey to the Phaeacians. Odysseus comes to the island of the Sun, a location filled with herds of immortal cattle and sheep.
The island its self presents no instant hazard the Odysseus and his team. Odysseus has been alerted by Cerci about the Sun’s herds and flocks “If you leave these unhurt and keep your mind on your journey, you might yet struggle home to Ithaca. But if you harm them, I foretell catastrophe for your ship and crew, and even if you escape yourself, you will get home late and severely, having lost all your buddies. “2. Odysseus does not even wish to stop on the island and push through the night for worry that his team will be negligent and give into the temptation that walks the island.
His team chooses they have had enough for one day and require rest. The Island its self is a sort of temptation, a place to dock their boat and provide there bodies rest, yes it would be good to do that after rowing all the time but not actually required. It is the gods will that they are caught on the island for a month and are checked yet once again. Out of food and red wine the crew ends up being negligent, they need to choose whether they should forsake the spiritual oath they testified Odysseus to not touch the immortal animals or starve and hope to the gods they will have the ability to capture adequate food to consume.
Knock, Knock whose there? Temptation! This might have been the last a last test versus Odysseus and his team prior to they sailed house, however they were tempted by the gods to slaughter the spiritual animals and eat their lives away. This event put Odysseus back rather a ways. On the brink of nearly being house the greatest antagonist of all; temptation, walks up on 4 legs and utterly wins once again. Although food is prominently the number one source for temptation but it is not the home run, the granddaddy of them all or the big kahuna of temptation.
That spot is reserved for an act of recklessness that the “god like Odysseus” succumbed to. Kleos is a term utilized in epic poetry that talks to the never-ceasing popularity or magnificence of a character. Characters earn it by doing deeds that could possible specify who they are. Odysseus makes extremely little errors in the Odyssey. He is continuously applauded for not only being strong and cunning physically however mentally as well. Odysseus and his team discovered the land of the Cyclopes. Odysseus understood these “Lawless savages who leave whatever as much as the gods. 3 Odysseus and his crew see an island just off the coast unblemished by guy and thriving with animals and nature. That is where they beach their ships in the middle of night. When morning came the team hounded a hundred or so goats and feasted all the time, while marveling at the Cyclopes throughout the water from them. Being the intellectual he is Odysseus chooses that it would be an excellent idea to take a few of his guys and cruise over to an island simply of the shore to see “what those males are like, wild savages with no sense of right or incorrect or hospitable folk who fear the gods”4.
This is simply the beginning of Odysseus’s short recklessness. That scene makes Odysseus sound like he is just truly thinking about fulfilling a Cyclopes given that he never has and maybe never ever will get this opportunity again. But, there is and underlying function that Odysseus feels deserves perusing. Because he is uncertain how the Cyclopes act he is optimistically hoping that he will be dealt with the manner in which everybody else has actually treated him, with xenia. Odysseus is wishing to get food and presents out of the Cyclopes. This temptation of greed is what locks Odysseus into his prolonged trip house.
If Odysseus was simply wanting to look around and seeing the land that of the giants for what it was would have been okay, but Odysseus had currently fallen in to the webs of temptation. They didn’t require anything at this moment, they were eating extravagantly with an upwards of a hundred goats and sheep where they team had very first landed. They might have consumed and than been on there method. Heading to the high cavern that was just off the shoreline Odysseus and his males take a look around and lastly meet this huge Cyclopes.
His size and strength frighten Odysseus and his crew into a corner. The Cyclopes asks them who they are. Odysseus responses with a sort of arrogant action that offers you the underlying purpose for wishing to go to the cave. He tells them that they are Greeks blown of course which he was “hoping you will be generous to us and provide us the presents that are because of complete strangers appreciate the gods, sir. “5 This big-headed reaction really exasperates the giant. He responds by getting 2 of the crewmembers smashing them on the rocks like pups and consuming them limb-by-limb.
Ultimately Odysseus is able to utilize his canny mind to hatch a strategy and stab the Cyclopes in the eye to escape to his ship. Once he gets on the ship and ready to cruise off Odysseus rubs the reality that he tricked the Cyclopes and gets away in his or what ever was left of his eye. He screams” Cyclopes, if anybody, any mortal man, asks you how you got your eye put out tell him that Odysseus the maurder did it, Boy of Laertes, whose house is Ithaca.” 6 This temptation of Kleos is accountable for all of the trouble that falls upon Odysseus, his crew and even his household.
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There was no requirement to scream out your name to the Cyclopes you just blinded other than for purposeless glory. Odysseus had actually currently won him self a Kleos, “God like Odysseus”. The need for more splendor blinded Odysseus and ended up being his biggest downfall. Temptation is tough to turn away from. The human world is filled with it, in fiction and the real life. The Odyssey utilizes temptation to demonstrate how human we truly are and how simple it is to succumb to the temptation that the world offers. Homer utilizes food to demonstrate how quickly one can be lured as well as how much temptation there remains in the world.
Homer likewise shows that no matter how high you climb in life even if you end up being god like, you are still human and for that reason imperfect. Odysseus showed that with his careless behavior while in the land of the giants. Through making use of food Homer has the ability to show how temptation is everywhere and that it is in our humanity to fall victim. Homer also reveals that even the mightiest of guys can slip and fall often through Odysseus trials and tribulations. Work Mentioned Fagels, Robert, trans. Homer The Odyssey. N. p.: Penguin Group $c1996., n. d. Print.