Telemachus’ Change in the Odyssey
Jason Chu Dr. Spencer-Cooke, Period 4 Honors English 1 11 December 2011 Development of Telemachus’ Brave Qualities in the Telemecheia Joseph Campbell’s 10 stereotypical brave traits appear in many literary protagonists. Physical strength, eloquence, management, and ties to supernatural forces are qualities that are prevalent amongst heroes. King Gilgamesh, in the Legendary of Gilgamesh, has the Campbellian qualities of unequaled physical strength, positive management, and ties to gods.
Whereas in the case of Telemachus in Homer’s Telemecheia, the young prince has actually not developed to Gilgamesh’s prominence, but numerous of Campbell’s characteristics become apparent in the story. As Telemachus undergoes his journey, he starts to establish the brave characteristics of having (1) connections with the gods, (2) eloquence, and (3) leadership. (1) Athena spurs Telemachus to develop his heroic traits by motivating and helping him. Prior to the goddess’ assistance, Telemachus is timid and submissive towards his mother’s suitors. Therefore, Athena descends to Ithaca to “awaken Telemachus/to a braver pitch [and] influence his heart with nerve” (Book 1.
Line 105). She emboldens him by informing him to “not cling to [his] boyhood any longer” and sending him on a mission to find news about Odysseus (1. 341). Additionally, she referrals Oreste’s glorified vengeance as a motivation for Telemachus. Subsequently, Telemachus ends up being determined and requires an assembly where he rebukes the suitors. Athena then abets the prince by “extravagant [ing] a marvelous splendor on [him] to make the entire audience impressed by the prince’s majesty (2. 12). Another intervention by Athena is that she “showers sweet oblivion over the suitors” so Telemachus can effortlessly leave (2. 36). As Athena and the prince reach the ship, the divinity assists by “assum [ing] the pilot seat [and] send out [ing] them a stiff following wind” (2. 458, 461). Athena’s support permits Telemachus and his crew to swiftly and securely take a trip to Pylos and Lacedaemon. Athena’s motivation and assistance tremendously help Telemachus to obtain heroic qualities. (2) Another outcome of Athena’s encouragement is Telemachus’ development of eloquence. At first, he is tentative and unskilled at using his loquaciousness on the suitors and Ithacans, however he soon becomes a professional orator when talking to Menelaus.
After Athena’s motivation, Telemachus finally confronts the courters and complains about their insolence. He delivers a scolding speech, which prompts them to be “astonished that [he] can speak with so much daring” (1. 439). His loquaciousness surprises the suitors, as they have never ever heard him audaciously promote for his beliefs. However, his problems do not leave a lasting impact on the courters, as they right away begin to “dance and s [ing] (1. 480). Telemachus then becomes tentative, and ultimately surrenders and does not reprimand them again. Therefore, his hesitation and amateurism prohibits him from completely inducing them to leave.
Furthermore, he is not successful in rousing the Ithacans to strike back against the suitors. Telemachus tries to make a motivating speech to encourage the Ithacans to fight against the courters, but instead, he provokes “pity [to] take [the Ithacans] (2. 88). The response is the reverse of what the young prince desired, and this failure proves Telemachus is still a neophyte at utilizing his eloquence. At Menelaus’ home, Telemachus develops and becomes a reliable and prominent speaker. Menelaus provides three stunning stallions to Telemachus, but he “summon [s] up his newly found tact” and declines without insulting the king (4. 67). He cogently argues that he can not take the horses to Ithaca and instead provides to “leave them [at Lacedaemon] to be [Menelaus’] magnificence” (4. 677). This exhibits the prince’s enhanced social abilities, as Telemachus acquires his dreams by masterly encouraging the king. Telemachus’ recently established eloquence allows him to emphatically affect and encourage people. (3) Telemachus’ loquaciousness is the catalyst that enables him to end up being a leader. He starts to establish a number of important elements of a leader, such as repudiation of oppressors, bravery, and assistance.
Prior to Athena’s influence, he trembles from the power of the suitors and never ever honestly grumbles. Nevertheless, the goddess’s effect evokes “discreet Telemachus [to] take command” by courageously demanding that the suitors leave his palace (1. 422). He is surpassed and weaker than the suitors, however has the leadership and nerve to object to the power of his opponents. Telemachus’ leadership is more displayed when he “order [s] heralds to […] summon the [Ithacans] to complete assembly” (2. 6, 7). Unlike the old, submissive coward he when was, Telemachus takes the effort and advises his servants.
His management is also evident as he assertively buys his crew to Pylos. Telemachus “shout [s] out commands to all his shipmates” and demonstrates his supremacy (2. 462). In other words, Telemachus begins to change into a leader by renouncing intimidators, evincing boldness, and commanding successfully. The Telemecheia illustrates the development of brave attributes in Telemachus as he advances through a life-altering journey. The goddess Athena causes the prince’s improvement by prompting him to become a male, providing him self-confidence, and starting him on a journey to discover news about his father.
Telemachus’ just recently discovered self-confidence empowers him to consult with assertion, poise, and persuasion. He is able to potently articulate his viewpoints into words that convince or influence others. Another effect of Athena’s inspiration is that Telemachus starts to end up being a leader. He boldly challenges the power of the suitors in addition to has the management to direct others. Ultimately, the Telemecheia encourages that any person can become a hero or a leader; all they require is motivation.