Summary of ‘To Kill a Mockingbird’
“To eliminate mockingbird” is a novel by Harper Lee. The literary debut of the American author, in the legal profession, was accompanied by a resounding success. Instantly after the publication of this book was awarded the Pulitzer reward for 1960, equated into twelve languages (Russian in 1963) and in addition to an unique by William Faulkner “the Kidnappers” and Carson Mccullers “Clock without hands” headed sheet of bestsellers for 145 weeks. Doubtless impact on the poetics of the works of the very best agents of the school of “southern book” by W. Faulkner, D. Caldwell, T. Wolfe, R. P. Warren, W. Styron, whose literary accomplishments of the very first half of the XX century enabled American critics to call this period “the southern literary revival”.
1960, called the “year of Africa” by historians and sociologists, was marked by an escalation of racial disputes, as shown in the work of American authors. “To eliminate a Mockingbird” Harper Lee novel on the subject of the day, the book is a warning, a novel forecast of rough demonstrations and demonstrations “2nd American revolution” of 1963.
The book is set in Maycomb, Alabama in the thirties of the XX century, in the years of youth of the author. Leisurely country living this is a normal “sleazy” southern city “explodes” the trial of wrongly implicated rape of a white woman by a Negro, Tom Robinson. All his events are shown through the prism of the understanding of the eight-year-old woman Jean Louise. This principle of narrative makes the story alive, entertaining. The world of childhood loaded with unique smells, feelings, secrets “scary stories”, video games, discoveries and understanding of reality, catches the reader from the very first page and amazingly holds up to the last. This is the main appeal and appealing power of the novel “to Eliminate a Mockingbird.”
Harper Lee handles to often accurately maintain the tone, design of idea and understanding fundamental to an eight-year-old kid. Not a random choice of epigraph: “Attorneys, I think, too, when were kids” (Charles lamb). Jean Louise does not evaluate events, and emotionally, genuinely and sharply responds to the falseness and injustice of the world, perplexed about the disparity and illogicity of adults (they condemn Hitler and fascism, but indifferent to racial problems in their nation, speak about the rights and dignity of male and prejudiced and cruel to innocent That, examining the spiritual qualities of individuals For Jean Louise (nicknamed “Glazastik”), the essence of people is in their compassion.
They are all “the exact same” for her, that is excellent. The voice of the lead character typically signs up with the voice of her change ego, the adult and experienced the most by Harper Lee. It was not just in the in-depth digressions about the history of Maycomb, household history of the Finches, but in the positions, and not less important character of the unique– the daddy of Louise, a legal representative of ATCOs Finch. Harper Lee when discovered that his (Finch) “concept of life is the heart of the novel.” Incurring the rage and scorn of nearly the entire white population of the town, he handles the hopeless case of the black Tom Robinson. Atticus Finch is not words, but action reveals his kids his credo: “prior to the court everyone is equal, and if not me, then who?”,- chivalry and love to all people.
With the utmost sympathy and love H. Lee presents in the unique “to Eliminate a Mockingbird” black fellow citizens. There are no bad and evil, on the contrary, all the evil and injustice comes from whites. This truth has led some American scholars to see “is common of numerous white writers of America and is not constantly a reasonable idealization of blacks, their natural kindness” and called the trend “a black racist white authors from the South”. However, this definition can be challenged by the position of the writer, plainly revealed in the book: all individuals are created totally free and equal in rights, despite the color of the skin, and to safeguard embarrassed and insulted the case of these individuals, who are not so couple of. The title of the unique– “to Kill a Mockingbird”– consists of the hope of a just penalty of a scoundrel, questioning this standard idea of humanism and democracy.