Rhetorical Analysis Mlk Letter from Birmingham Prison
Martin Luther Kings inspiration for composing his, “Letter from Birmingham Jail” was generally to attract an indisputable oppression that happened throughout his time. His letter was in response tos 8 white clergymen, who challenged King objecting in Birmingham. Or. King effectively crafted his counterargument after examining the clergymen’s unjustified propositions and then he had the ability to present his reburtaL Dr. King efficiently formed his counterargument by first directty resolving his audience. the clergymen and after that utilizing logo designs. pathos and egos to present his own point of view on his challenger’s statements.
The majority of the sentences in Kings letter can be linked to logo designs, pathos or ethos and his incorporation of appeals is masterful. On more than one ocasion, King uses different strategies to attract his audience, in rhe letter he composes, “l have the honor of serving as president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, a company operating in every southern State. with head office in Atlanta, Georgia. We have some eighty-five associated organizations throughout the South, and one of them is the Alabama Christian Motion for Human Being Rights. In this excerpt, King presents his principles very actically The Alabama clergy provides him as an outsider in the letter, however showing his values, King presents himself as an insider. He is not just a guy Who chose to protest in an outside neighborhood. however is in truth the president Of the Conference. He is a clergyman speaking to other clergymen, however also part of a company that has a chapter in their state. There were likewise other kinds of ethos in his letter, King makes certain to show his spiritual values by tracing his own heritage of ministerial forefathers and discussing his own church leadership.
He also makes biblical referrals, omparing his struggle With the Apostle Paul and the prophets who spread their message to neighboring villages- similar to what King provided for his individuals. He uses this connection to further validate his actions. King refers to examples throughout history that need a need for action. Some of his examples are well known such as Hitler while others were not as popular, This appeals ro principles since it shows King’s palate for quality education. proving his reliability. I began considering the reality that stand in the middle of 2 opposing forces in the Negro community. One is a force of complacency, comprised in part of Negroes who, as an outcome of long years of oppression, are so drained of self- regard and a sense at ‘somebodiness’ that they have adapted to segregation; and in part of a couple of middle class Negroes who, due to the fact that Of a degree Of scholastic and economic security and because in some ways they benefit by segregation. have actually ended up being insensitive to the issues of the masses.
The other force is one of bitterness and hatred, and it comes perilously near to advocating violence. It is expressed in the numerous black nationalist groups that are emerging across the ation, the biggest. and best-known being Elijah Muhammad’s Muslim motion. Nourished by the Negros disappointment over the continued presence of racial discrimination, this motion is made up of individuals who haue lost faith in America, who haue outright”/ repudiated Christianity, and who haue concluded that the white man is an incorrigible ‘devil'” In this passage.
Kings discussion of logos is genius. He successfully shows the clergymen two sides of the community. the one of complacency and the other of hatred and cynicism. In this excerpt he does not attempt to validate his motives, ut rather puts truths on the table so that the audience might clearly see that his response was perfect Ir is implied with this declaration that King did not have to take control of the circumstance. He is essentially saying that even if he had selected to remain neutral, Black Nationalist groups would have did something about it regardless. Another instance when Martin Luther King Jr. tilizes the method of straight resolving his audience to provide his counterclaim appears in the part of his letter beginning, “You may well ask: Why direct action? Isn’t negotiation a better course?’ You are rather right in calling, for settlement” In this example, he likewise uses ppeal to logic as the primary backbone of his argument but occasionally links pathos and clever word choice along with the logo designs. Dr. King initially recognizes a portion of his opponent’s argument and slowly picks it apart. He accomplishes this by focusing on the word “stress. According to the text, through a comparison of violent stress, which is unwanted, and nonviolent tension, which is useful, he slowly develops the principle that the ‘useful, nonviolent stress’ will, “help men increase from the dark depths of prejudice and bigotry to the stunning heights of understanding and brotherhood.” King utilizes unequaled word option, such as “dark depths” and “stunning heights,” to accurately present his perspective. He then continues with, “Too long has our cherished Southland been slowed down in a terrible effort to live in monologue rather than dialogue. His declaration not only uses sensible thinking to identity the requirement for settlement, hur also uses pathos to create feelings of sympathy and remorse. The ‘terrible effort’ reveals how emotionally extreme the past years have been for Negros end their failure to have a say in the ‘monologue’. The rational appeal is also present due to the fact that he explicitly mentions the urpose of their direct-action program, which is to force an open door settlement with both sides having power. Therefore, he is trying to produce the “dialogue” through usage of logo designs but also includes word choice and pathos.
Logos exists throughout King’s letter and this is expected since the letter is a reason of his actions. “I have witnessed the remarkable lays out of her enormous religious-education structures. Cn. ‘er and over have discovered myself asking: “What type of individuals worship here? Who is their God? Where uuere their voices when the lips of Guv garnert leaked with words of interposition and ullification? Where were they when Guv Wallace provided a clarion call for defiance and hatred?
Where were their voices of assistance when bruised and tired Negro males and females decided to rise from the dark dungeons of complacency to the bright hills of creative demonstration?” King connects his audience to his pathos by using numerous examples of the church as a source of pathos and making them look closely at the meaning of the church and the hatred that it assisting in promoting. He forces the audience (through the rhetorical concerns) to look at exactly what their white churches represent and he unsuitable manner in which they dealt with the African-Americans.
Alike, King makes them see rhe whole situation from his point ot view, Through making use of particular rhetorical methods such as logos, pathos, and values, Martin Luther King Jr. efficiently objected to the clergymen’s argument. His success was also due to his distinct strategy of directly addressing his audience the clergymen, to produce the basis of his argument. From there, King is able to gradually select apart and shatter his challenger’s claims. This reliable approach permitted King to present his counterclaim with more authority and conviction and hus accomplish his goal: validate the factors for nonviolent demonstrations versus partition.
Functions Cited King Jr., Martin LLetter from a Birmingham Prison Fields of Reading 9th Edition. Nancy Comely, David Hamilton King, Martin Luther, Jr. “Letter from Birmingham Jail.” Invention and Style. Ed. Forrest D. Burt and Cleve Want. 4th ed. Ali-Dinar, Ai B., ed. “Letter From a Birmingham Jail [King. Jr.]” African Studies Center. University of Pennsylvania. 8 Sept 2001 Biographical Outline of Or. Martin Luther King, Jr. l King Center. The King Estate, 2004. Web. 14 2010.