Jealousy, “the green-eyed monster” Shakespeare corresponds in his usage of repeated themes throughout his works, especially those of love, death, and betrayal. Shakespeare repeats these styles to set the state of mind through his works. It is essential for Shakespeare to be constant with his themes, or the plays would lose their meaning and mood. All of these styles are present in Othello, however the most dominant is the style of jealousy, which presents itself numerous times throughout the play. We see the type of jealousy which is envy of what others have, and as the sort of which is fear of losing what we have.
According to The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language, “jealousy is a state of fear, suspicion, revenge or envy caused by real or pictured threat or obstacle to one’s possessive impulses. It might be provoked by competition in sexual love by competitors or by desires for the qualities or possessions of another.” Jealousy is an evil characteristic, “O, beware my Lord, of jealousy! It is the green-eyed beast” and will lead individuals to do abominable jealous attacks (Shakespeare III. iii. ). Jealousy plays a huge role on the characters of Othello, as it does not get the characters anywhere, or get the characters anything.
Jealousy is the primary cause of misery, heartbreak, and death in Shakespeare’s Othello. Shakespeare’s Othello might seem to be a play of numerous envious men, but actually it is one man’s jealousy to blame for the fall of others, and that male is Iago. Iago is an envious, two-faced, lying, bad guy, who is out to get vengeance on everybody, and tricks people into thinking that his every word is true. Iago even states, “And what’s he then that says I play the villain, when this advice is complimentary I provide and truthful” mentioning he had is way of making people think his shenanigans were innocent and true (Shakespeare II. iii. ).
Iago’s primary objective is to ruin Othello, general of the armies of Venice. Iago’s anger toward Othello started when Othello ignored him for the position of lieutenant. This cause Iago’s jealousy of Michael Cassio, whom Othello made lieutenant, Iago states Cassio, “This counter-coaster/ And I bless the mark, his Moorship’s ancient”, since Cassio has the task Iago wanted (Shakespeare I. i. ). Iago’s anger towards Othello then becomes jealousy when he hears a report that Othello has actually slept with his better half, Emilia: “It is thought abroad that ‘twixt my sheets He has done my workplace. ” (Shakespeare I. iii. ).
Iago’s jealousy towards Cassio and Othello offered him the idea to look for revenge with a strategy of destruction. Iago’s strategy began with Roderigo, a young, abundant, and foolish guy, envious of Othello, whom is wed to his wanted love Desdemona. Roderigo went to terrific heights to be with Desdemona as he was encouraged that paying Iago all of his money will help him in his suit to Desdemona. Roderigo then realizes Desdemona is wed to Othello and blames it on Iago for not recognizing that faster. Roderigo was using Iago since he understood the hate and jealousy Iago has toward Othello, “Thou told’st me thou didst hold him in thy hate. “Despise me if I do not.” (Shakespeare I. i. ). Roderigo might be using Iago, but what he does not know is Iago is utilizing him too. Iago knew the extent Roderigo would go to, to be with Desdemona. Iago’s first concept was to inform Brabanzio, Venetian senator and Desdemona’s daddy, that he has been robbed “you’ll have your daughter covered with Barbary horse; you’ll have your nephews neigh to you; you’ll have coursers for cousins, and gennets for Germans. “, Othello has actually taken his daughter by witchcraft (Shakespeare I. i. ).
Brabanzio who has actually twice implicated Othello of utilizing magic or witchcraft to seduce Desdemona, implicates him a third time, for he does not comprehend why Desdemona would fall for a male like Othello. Iago had hope this strategy would eliminate Othello, however it backfired. Othello discusses that he won Desdemona not by witchcraft, however by stories about his adventures of travel and war. Although Iago’s plan was stopping working, his envious and jealous mind had other concepts. Iago ensures Roderigo that as soon as Desdemona’s “blood is made dull with the act of sport,” she will lose interest in Othello and pursue sexual satisfaction somewhere else (Shakespeare II. ). Iago then tells Roderigo that “elsewhere” will most likely be Cassio, and advises Roderigo that he ought to start a battle with Cassio at the evening’s event. This starts sequel of jealous Iago’s plan of destruction. That night, Iago gets Cassio intoxicated and sends Roderigo to start the battle with him. When Cassio stabs Governor Montano as he tried to hold Cassio down, Iago sent Roderigo to raise alarm in the town. Othello gets here and removes Cassio of his rank of lieutenant. Roderigo thought this strategy was for him to eliminate Cassio so he would win over Desdemona, but actually it was for selfish Iago.
Iago knew Cassio could not control his alcohol and would do something bad enough to lose his title, the title Iago was envious that he did not have. Iago then tells the audience that eliminating Cassio is the initially crucial action in his plan to destroy Othello. “I dislike the Moor, And it is thought abroad that ‘twixt my sheets He’s done my workplace.” (Shakespeare I. iii. ). Now that Iago was successful on getting Cassio stripped of his rank, his strategy will continue to destroy Othello. Part 3 of Iago’s strategy starts with Cassio troubled and sensation that his track record has actually been messed up permanently.
Iago guarantees Cassio that he can return on Othello’s good side by using Desdemona as a midway. Iago informs the audience that he will frame Cassio and Desdemona as fans to make Othello envious. This causes Othello’s jealousy of Cassio, which makes him very upset and unstable. Iago extends his strategy of eliminating Cassio and Othello by informing Othello that Cassio and Desdemona might be associated with an affair. All a part of Iago’s plan he continues to speak to Othello, “To spy into abuses, and oft my jealousy”, and Othello would be a good idea to neglect his guessing, and to not fret himself about the worthless things he’s observed (Shakespeare III. ii. ). Iago’s destructive plan continues with him searching for away to “show” Desdemona is having an affair. He has the concept to plant Desdemona’s scarf in Cassio’s room as “proof” that he is having an affair with Desdemona. When Othello has this “proof”, he vows to retaliate on his other half and Cassio, and as part of Iago’s strategy he swears that he will help Othello, by eliminating Cassio. But then, Lodovico, one of Brabanzio’s kinsmen, provides Othello a letter from Venice informing him he need to come home which Cassio will be taking his place.
Othello, filled with anger and jealousy, went so over the edge that he strikes Desdemona and leaves. Meanwhile Iago’s plan goes on, as he guarantees Roderigo that everything is going as he prepared. Iago informs Roderigo that in order to stop Othello and Desdemona from leaving he should kill Cassio, that this will give him a clear course to his love. Iago then instructs Roderigo to attack Cassio. Roderigo misses Cassio, and Cassio stabs him rather. Iago then injuries Cassio and runs. When Othello hears Cassio’s cry he assumes Iago eliminated Cassio, as he stated he would.
Iago’s plan backfired, Roderigo dead instead of Cassio. Devastated Othello dominates Desdemona who he prepares to kill for her “infidelity”. Desdemona wakes up and pleas her innocents. Othello does not think her due to the fact that he had “evidence” she was cheating, and suffocates her. At that moment Emilia walks in with the brand-new that Roderigo is dead. When Emilia see Desdemona she weeps out, “Oh, the more angel she, And you the blacker devil!” (Shakespeare V. ii). Emilia questions Othello on why he would do this. Othello replies, “Cassio did top her, ask thy hubby else. Thy spouse understood everything.” (Shakespeare V. ii. ). Emilia now realizes what Iago has actually done, and describes everything to Othello. After all the turmoil, Iago enters into the room. Othello, heartbroken, tries to eliminate Iago, but is deactivated. Iago has actually recognized what Emilia has done and kills her, then runs away the scene. Iago is brought back in by Lodovico and Montano, and Othello wounds Iago and disarmed once again. Othello makes a speech on how he would like to be remembered, and his love for Desdemona, and with a sword he had actually hidden on him, he eliminates himself.
At that time Lodovico provides a speech, about how all of this was Iago’s fault, and how Iago makes him sick. Lodovico demands he be removed and tells Cassio, “To you, lord Governor, Remains the censure of this hellish villain: The time, the place, the torture.” (Shakespeare V. ii. ). “O, beware my Lord, of jealousy! It is the green-eyed beast which doth mock The meat it eats.” (Shakespeare III. iii. ). Iago was an envious villain, who had s plan of destruction. Iago thought his strategy would work to eliminate the man he was eventually jealous of, Othello.
Iago believed wrong, though in the beginning his strategy appeared to be working it ultimately failed. Iago felt he could utilize other’s jealousy to get revenge by acting like he was on their side and as if he was assisting them. Iago is not the person he appears to be, he even states, “I am not what I am” (Shakespeare I. i. ). Throughout his evil strategy he appeared to be pal attempting to assist others get what they desire, however really he was out to get what he desired, which was vengeance. Iago was not a friend; he was simply an envious bad guy that brought others down with him. His plan failed leaving the excellent heart broken, miserable, and dead.
Jealousy is a monster, it brings out and evil side to everybody. If you act upon your jealousy, there is never ever a time where it ends well. Somebody is all’s left hurt. In Iago’s case he left others harm and deceased, and himself up for execution. Works Cited Shakespeare, William. Othello. The Compact Bedford Introduction to Literature. Ed. Michael Meyers. 8th ed. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s 2009. 1164-1244. Print. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the English Language. Ed. Bernard S Cayne. Lexicon Publications. Encyclopedia Edition. 1989