Othello and the style of friendship in the play
Friendship is a special bond between 2 or more people. This relationship is constructed on the basis of trust, loyalty and honesty. In the play Othello, Shakespeare shows these qualities through many of his characters to portray their deep friendships. Nevertheless as the play advances these friends turn into foes as many issues occur in their relationships and result in many terrible events. The negative qualities that tore these relationships apart are mistrust, selfishness and jealousy that led a lot of the characters to their disasters.
In the play Othello, Shakespeare demonstrates that there are lots of reasons for the issues that happen in certain friendships. In Shakespeare’s Othello, many friendships showed a lack of trust which resulted into lots of terrible events. This negative quality is repeatedly discovered in the character of Othello. Shakespeare wrote the relationship in between Othello and Cassio to be that of relationship that consists of loyalty and honesty. The conflict in between these two characters developed as Iago plants seeds of doubt into Othello’s mind about Cassio’s loyalty towards him. Othello’s rely on his friend Cassio was like a thin thread.
It was extremely simple for Iago to succeed in his evil plans, for there was a lack of rely on their relationship. Iago controls Othello into thinking that his sincere partner Desdemona is having an affair with the faithful lieutenant Cassio. Although Iago gives no kind of physical proof, his convincing words are strong enough to permit such extreme thoughts to enter Othello’s mind. As Iago specifies to Othello:”It is impossible you ought to see this, Were they as prime as goats, as hot as mnkeys, As salt as wolves in pride, and fools as grossAs ignorance made intoxicated.” (3. 3. 02-405)Iago utilizes such extreme imagery of Desdemona and Cassio sleeping together, that it forces Othello to be enraged with such anger at Cassio’s betrayal. After falling under Iago’s trap and believing his deceitful words, Othello states”Within these three days let me hear thee sayThat Cassio’s not alive.” (3. 3. 472-473)All the anger and jealousy of betrayal that Othello feels, due to the mistrust between Othello and Cassio, leads Othello to prepare the murder of lieutenant Cassio. The lack of trust in between Othello and Cassio is also revealed after the battle in between Cassio and Roderigo happened.
Othello’s distrust in Cassio led Othello to believe Iago’s words. He also took the fact that Cassio was intoxicated as a major flaw in him and instantly dismissed him from his position as lieutenant, not giving Cassio a chance to protect himself completely consciousness. Othello’s mistrust in Cassio is shown when he thinks that lieutenant Cassio would be at fault for a deed, which he did not deliberately dedicate. Othello announces,”I know, Iago, Thy sincerity and love doth mince this matter, Making it light to Cassio. Cassio, I like thee; However never more be officer of mine.” (2. 225-228)This statement is made while Cassio is still drunk; during this time he is not in an appropriate state to safeguard him self. The lack of trust in the relationship of Othello and Cassio causes terrible and affecting events. The Shakespearean play Othello carries several causes of issues between the characters of the play. Lot of times throughout the play selfishness is shown as a cause to a lot of the tragic events that occur, as a lot of the characters did things for their own advantage. A great quantity of selfishness is shown in a number of Iago’s relationships.
His relationship with his spouse Emilia would be well only when Emilia would do something for Iago. Although Emilia is aware of this, she is willing to do any favours for him, even getting Desdemona’s scarf because Iago asked her too. Iago’s selfishness allows him to utilize his own wife for his wicked desires of convincing Othello. “I am happy I have actually found this napkin; This was her first remembrance from the Moor. My wayward other half hath a hundred timesWoo ‘d me to steal it; however she so likes the token, For he conjured her she need to ever keep it, That she schedules it evermore about herTo kiss and speak with.
I’ll have the work ta’en outAnd provide’t Iago: what he will do with itHeaven understands, not I; I absolutely nothing but to please his dream.” (3. 3. 290-299)To take his selfish strategy even more, Iago uses his other half Emilia’s loyalty to his own benefit. During the time Emilia kept the handkerchief in her hands, Iago’s speech towards Emilia was extremely different. “A great wench; give it me.” (3. 3. 313)Wench is a casual word to describe a young woman. Throughout the play it is revealed that Iago believed females are woman of the streets and work at night. Iago’s use however dislike in women develops his selfishness.
Shakespeare demonstrates Iago’s self-centered desires to be rank a greater position, through many occasions. Selfishness was portrayed by the character of Iago with his friend Roderigo too. Iago advised Roderigo to send out Desdemona some gems and cash by Iago, to get Desdemona, his ex-fiance back. Later on it is discovered that Iago never did provide the presents to Desdemona, however had actually kept it for himself. Iago even asks Roderigo to instigate a quarrel between Roderigo and Cassio, which would cause the dismissal of Cassio’s position, as Cassio was drunk and all blame would fall on him.
Iago continued to use Roderigo, as he mentions,”Hence do I ever make my fool my purse; For I mine own gain ‘d understanding should profaneIf I would time use up with such a snipeBut for my sport and earnings.” (1. 3. 372-375)Iago’s selfishness leads him to use Rodrigo to his advantage and benefit, not caring for the damage and emotional tension it must cost Rodrigo. Iago’s selfishness leads this relationship to Rodrigo’s own disaster. Jealousy is something that can make an individual do anything. Shakespeare’s play Othello develops how jealousy tore much of the friendships apart.
The relationship in between Iago and Othello was significantly affected by the jealousy Iago felt towards him, because of Othello’s high rank and power; Othello holds a terrific credibility in Cyprus. Iago also desired position and carried a desire to be lieutenant. He befriended Othello so thinking he may get the position, but Othello offered the position to the faithful and capable Cassio, also Othello’s friend. Iago thought Othello slept with his spouse Emilia, which caused a lot of jealousy and anger within Iago. Iago was envious that his other half Emilia slept with Othello, so he chose to give Othello the same trauma. … Rouse him, Make after him, poison his delight, Proclaim him in the streets, Incense her kinsmen, And though he in a fertile climate dwell, Plague him with flies; though that his joy be happiness, Yet throw such changes of vexation on’t, As it may lose some colour.” (1. 1. 69-73)Iago’s jealousy triggered him to do and plot wicked and self-centered deeds that would cause many awful events. Iago disliked Cassio for the very same reason he did not like Othello; a greater rank. Instead of Iago, Cassio was selected lieutenant by Othello; this caused Cassio to have a higher position.
Iago speaks to Roderigo about Othello’s decision and states,”… the better shall my function work on him. Cassio’s a correct man, Let me see now: To get his location, and to plumpe up my willIn double knavery -How, how?– Let’s see:- …” (1. 3. 380-384)It is now obvious Iago is jealous and desires revenge on both these characters, due to what he feel they have done to him. Iago believes Othello ‘ignored’ him and pick Cassio as lieutenant, and Cassio took over him and accepted that position. Throughout the play Othello Shakespeare develops lots of causes of the problems that happen between numerous friendships.
It is clearly revealed that many of the characters produced by Shakespeare in Othello carried a lack of trust among each other. A lot of the same characters were noticed as self-centered characters. These characters would do anything to accomplish what they desire and long for, would benefit from anything that would benefit them. Jealousy was also a characteristic discovered as a cause of numerous issues. Jealousy was the main cause of most of the terrible occasions that occurred throughout the play of Othello. Shakespeare’s Othello creates a high understanding of the nature of human relationships. Bibliography: Othello by William Shakespeare