Concepts of Power: Animal Farm and Macbeth
“Political Power outgrows the barrel of a weapon” -Chairman Mao- CONCERN: To what extent does this quote connect to the message regarding power in each of your texts? Write a synthesis essay that handles the quote above and Shakespeare’s Macbeth and Orwell’s Animal Farm. In your essay make sure that you particularly describe each of texts including quotes and analysis. “Political Power grows out of the Barrel of a Gun” The concept of power and specifically political power has its numerous definitions, and is used, checked out, and even exploited, including in all human experiences in the battle for authority and dominance.
The theme of power is commonly checked out in the 2 texts of Macbeth by Shakespeare, the famous satirical George Orwell text of Animal Farm, and likewise through the Chinese Communist Leader Chairman Mao’s quote that “Political Power grows out of the barrel of a weapon”. Significantly, through this quote from Chairman Mao, the messages regarding power in both Animal Farm and Macbeth are explored– that political power is acquired and sustained through making use of violence.
It is the use of language techniques and themes used by both Shakespeare and Orwell highlight making use of violence in the corrupt governments of both Macbeth and the pigs to maintain control, and likewise to obtain and sustain power, primarily in the type of political power. The metaphor of the so-called “barrel of the weapon” that Mao Tse Tung is referring to is the tool of violence that federal governments and leaders typically utilize to get and keep power in the past and present.
It is to be kept in mind that all three leaders Mao Tse Tung, Macbeth, and, Napoleon acquired their power from violence in differing scales Mao Tse Tung from politics and full scale war, Macbeth’s usage of assassination, and Napoleon with fights and politics. With Mao’s metaphor of violence being the “barrel of the weapon”, in Macbeth, blood is a recurring theme throughout the text with in some cases quite gory and vivid representations of blood from King Duncan’s death to the end with the last fight for power over Scotland and Macbeth’s ultimate death.
Substantially, the concepts of blood and daggers, in Macbeth, are constantly present throughout scenes in which the struggle for power happens. Macbeth sees an “fictional” dagger before him prior to the assassination of Duncan this dagger a concept of the changes of power that occur: “… Is this a dagger which I see before me? … or art thou a dagger of the mind?” The theme of the supernatural and also the theme of the dagger being his ambition, functions as strong motivation for Macbeth to perform what is necessary to get and sustain power.
The increase of the Macbeths in the murders of King Duncan and Banquo are symbolised by blood and daggers, yet it is also the eventual failure, mentally and physically, of the Macbeths that is symbolised by blood and daggers. Lady Macbeth’s psychological breakdown towards the end of Macbeth is a complete juxtaposition from the ‘original’ Woman Macbeth earlier in the text. After the murder of Duncan she mentions that the blood on her hands will be removed by a “… little water …”, yet later on she says in a remarkable embellishment saying that “All the fragrances of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand”.
From this point on, the Macbeths hold onto power deteriorates with the death of Lady Macbeth and the ultimate downfall of Macbeth. In Animal Farm, George Orwell has far blunter and clearer ideas on the notion of power, specifically on the battle to obtain and sustain political power. His constant personification in between the animals of Animal Farm and the real life events of Soviet Russia act as an useful tool to accomplish the level of satire that Orwell tries to find.
The routines of both Stalin and Mao have lots of resemblances with likewise communist ideology and the comparable usage of Mao’s “barrel of the gun”. The theme of the “barrel of the gun” in Animal Farm were symbolised through making use of the canines (a concept for the KGB and the Red Army), and likewise the exploits of Squealer, the talkable pig who is often related to the Soviet Propaganda Maker. Both these tools are basically the basic tools of control for any government to instil worry and lack of knowledge within the ranks.
Nevertheless, the Fear of Violence versus Usage of Violence is a major style between the communist programs of Stalin and Mao, and Macbeth’s reign as the King of Scotland. Macbeth’s and Woman Macbeth’s objectives and motivations behind the use of violence are purely in an useful sense not to produce worry or “fear”, however merely to eliminate any possible rivals to the throne, and to ensure that the Macbeth family tree to clings on to the throne.
The programs of Mao and Stalin, nevertheless, utilize violence with more than the inspirations to simply remove possible competitors to the throne. It is these programs that believe that prevention is the very best cure, and rather of just eliminating possible rivals to the throne, making use of violence must prevent any opposition towards the regime. The tool of violence of the canines in Animal Farm suppresses any opposition to Napoleon by the usage of fear. “… nine big dogs frisking round him and uttering growls that sent shivers down all the animals’ spines.
They all cringed quietly in their places, appearing to know in advance that some awful thing was about to take place.” Using emotive and detailed language by Orwell such as “cringed”, “Shivers down all the animals’ spines”, all illustrate a scene in which no animal dares to oppose any measure by Napoleon, due to the fact that of the worry and horror generated. And that is why succeeding corrupt and vicious federal governments continue utilizing fear and fear since it works the capability to get and sustain political power, undoubtedly, grows out of the barrel of a weapon.
Using mass executions, generally public, in Animal Farm and in Mao and Stalin, are utilized to develop worry, and fear. Mao himself even safeguarded the mass executions of in between 2 million to 5 million individuals with land and class reforms as an essential precaution for the securing of power. Napoleon, (the symbol in Animal Farm for Stalin), in Animal Farm also orders mass public executions. “These scenes of fear and massacre were not what they had eagerly anticipated on that night when old Significant [motif of Lenin] first tirred them to disobedience.” One significant characteristic shared in between all 3 leaders is a paranoid streak in their hold onto power. And all three leaders Mao, Napoleon, and Macbeth all respond in similar fashion. Mao, Napoleon, and to a certain extent Macbeth, all respond by bloody purges of their own. Both of the Macbeths paranoia; however was what caused their downfall, one resulting in suicide, and the other leading to the listening of the Witches’ prophecies, who ultimately techniques Macbeth into thinking that he is invincible.
The concept and theme of how the federal governments of Napoleon in Animal Farm, Macbeth in Shakespeare’s timeless, and Mao Tse Tung in a side comparison, show and highlight the qualities of how corrupt and terrible regimes like the federal governments of Macbeth and Napoleon obtain and sustain to power, and comply with Mao Tse Tung’s proposition that Political Power, certainly grows out of the barrel of a weapon simply put, using violence and the fear of violence.