Marxist: the Lottery
“The Lottery’ Through the Eyes of a Marxist/Feminist Shirley Jackson’s “The Lottery’ has to do with a town in which a little black box controls whether or not an individual may live or be killed. The lack of dominant female characters shows the presumption that ladies are typically seen as inferior to males. Fascinating advancements of the plot and theme make it apparent to the reader how ladies are portrayed in the story.
This short story demonstrates how the upper class in a society can manage the working class through fear or psychological adjustment, and live in high-end’ while those around hem suffer. The overall significance Of this Story is portrayed through the use Of literary gadgets which affect its feminist style. The characters in the story appear to be driven by tradition and not sound judgment. Mr. Summer seasons– the head of the community- in addition to other townspeople do not question the custom of the lottery game, and it makes it appear like it is simply a blind custom that has no other meaning than being a custom.
The ladies, nevertheless, are the ones who mention that other towns have actually gotten rid of the custom of the lotto. They are quickly silenced, though, by the men who are present, including Old Guy Warner, who had drawn from the lottery game more than anyone else in the town. The females in this village are viewed as voiceless and through the characters of the females in the story, the reader can see how females are represented adversely. Positions of power likewise play an essential role in the society.
Although the town is expected to have a consistent effort from everyone of equivalent status, there are still a chosen couple of who have more power than everyone else. Out of the 3 hundred individuals in the town, two hold the most power; Mr. Summer seasons and Mr. Tomb. An example of this can e seen in this quote, “The lottery was conducted-as were the square dances, the teen club, the Halloween program- by Mr. Summer seasons, who had energy and time to devote to civic activities” (Jackson). This declaration makes it clear that nobody else in the town takes obligation for the lottery game, so the future of the citizens’ rests in the hands of one male- Mr.
Summertimes. This power then leads to the people being fearful of Mr. Summer seasons which can be seen when everybody is reluctant to help Mr. Summers in setting up for the lotto, ‘The villagers kept their distance, leaving a space between themselves and the stool, and when Mr. Summertimes said, “Some of you fellows want to provide me a hand?” Though not as outwardly managing as Mr. Summer seasons, Mr. Tomb is delegated with several powers over the lives of the proletariat. He is Mr. Summer’s second in command: “Mr. Summertimes and Mr.
Graves made up the slips Of paper …” (Jackson). With this, he is essentially given power over life and death. Additionally, as postmaster, he controls all mail in and out of the town; with control over communication. Over all, the upper class develops control through fear, this being the entire point of the lottery game. When taking a look at “The Lottery’ through the Marxist lens, the story shows owe the upper class -or more popular figures that signify the upper class- chooses the fate of everybody else in the town with the assistance of a black box.
The townspeople, being proletariat, accompany what the bourgeois state because they understand that it is what is expected to occur. Through a feminist lens, one can certainly see that the ladies in the town are viewed as weak and soft-spoken. What we receive from the overall story is that women must not merely accept the norms of society, but to challenge them or you could end up with a fate as vicious as Testis Hutchinson- being stoned to death by your family and friends members.