Lord of the Flies: Natural Selection and its Finest
!.?. !? Charles Darwin was a popular scientist whose most popular studies were the advancement of male and all other creatures. Darwin understood that particular types became extinct since they were not both strong physically and mentally, and he describes his theory which is called natural selection, and later claimed the expression “Survival of the fittest.” This expression can be translucented war along with the consequences of a war.
The second world war showed that the greatest bodies and minds survived, and in England the greatest had to remain strong for more than a years after the war due to the fact that they needed to rebuild everything, consisting of the method society acts. Lots of literature pieces were written in this time period, and none were more well-known than William Golding’s Lord of the Flies. This book is about a group of British school children whose plane crashed on a desert island, and the young boys just have themselves.
The boys start as civilized at first, but at the end of the story, most of the kids lose their control and some are eliminated right before they get rescued. William Golding uses his characters Ralph, Jack, Piggy, and Simon in his 1954 novel Lord of the Flies to show that one should be strong physically and psychologically in order to make it through because they are meeting the requirements of Darwin’s theory of natural selection. To start off, Charles Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, England in 1809, and he was born into a wealthy family with well-known forefathers.
His father was a medical professional, and he wanted Charles to be one; however, Charles was revolted by surgery when he saw it, so his dad decided to press Charles towards a profession in the church. Like the medical field, Charles was not thinking about the church, but he acquired an interest in the natural world when he studied for the church. He went on an expedition led by geologist Adam Sedgwick, and when observing the world, Sedgwick saw something unique in Darwin, so he introduced him to botanist John Stevens Henslow.
Henslow welcomes Darwin on a five-year exploration to explore the world beyond South America and into the Pacific. Darwin was an unsettled naturalist, and his task was to make geological and biological observations, and each day he learned more and more about the world. After his exploration, Darwin’s life became devoted to finding an explanation of his observations. After some more research study, Darwin concluded that those who possess a specific characteristic that provides an advantage in competitors will outlast those who are inferior, and the remarkable types will hand down their qualities.
It took awhile for Darwin to complete his ideas, however in 1859, Darwin described his theory in his book On the Origin of Species by Way of Natural Selection. Leonard Bruno summarizes Darwin’s natural choice theory by stating, “An organism such as a person may have qualities that make them remarkable for an environment than another individual might have. For that reason, the more ‘fit’ individual has a much better opportunity for survival” (402 ). Darwin’s theory is referred to as the theory of natural choice, however Dennis O’Neil says, “Darwin did not invent the concept, however he performed essential research study to document findings and make the idea believable. Next, Darwin’s theory of natural choice first took off when Darwin went to the Galapagos Islands on his expedition on the HMS Beagle, where he discovered 14 various kinds of finches. These finches had variations in their beaks, and Darwin concerned the conclusion that some finches had a various variation that made their beaks better for the food in their environment. These beaks enabled them to remain strong and the birds had the ability to reproduce to pass on their characteristic. Eventually, the finches with inferior beaks would die off and end up being extinct.
Darwin then went on to conclude that nature picked the best adjusted ranges to survive, but the variations currently existed, and the environment did not alter the variation itself. Darwin utilized the expression “survival of the fittest” to describe his theory; nevertheless, the phrase was first utilized in 1851 by a British philosopher Herbert Spencer. The phrase is also misinterpreted, since individuals think that the “fittest” is the greatest or most significant or smartest person, however that might or might not hold true.
In Lord of the Flies, Ralph has the mental toughness along with good physical status to survive the island. Sara Constankakis describes Ralph as, “The lead character of the book. He fights with leadership, but he constantly keeps a positive message. Ralph is clever, for he knows what to do, and he always listens to Piggy even though he betrays him and is not a pal of his.” Ralph is the young boy with the most strength in the mind, and he uses both of his qualities and he makes it through. For instance, Ralph understands what to do when he finds Piggy after the crash.
He collects all the kids up and they fulfill everybody and choose a chief, in which Ralph is named chief. Ralph comprehends the situation, and he requires all the other kids to understand, so he states, “I’ve got to have time to think things out. I can’t decide what to do directly off” (23 ). Ralph wants the kids to know that all choices will take some time, similar to all political actions. Ralph needs to make sure he understands that he makes the best choice which the choice advantages all of the kids more than it would injure them.
To continue, another reason Ralph has the greatest mind is that he looks after everybody, consisting of the littluns. He wishes to make sure that the littluns feel safe and safeguarded. When Ralph and Jack are arguing about hunting and shelters, Ralph states, “We need shelters because of the [beast] (52 ). Ralph understands that the screams and cries he hears in the evening are the littluns fearing the monster, and he understands they will feel more safe if they have a shelter because it would seem like a home to the littluns, and they can constantly go into the shelter and hide from the beast.
The last reason Ralph survives since of his mentality is his optimism. Ralph is always an optimist because he thinks they will be rescued eventually, and he utilizes his optimism to comfort the other young boys. Throughout the story, Ralph constantly mentions his dad, who is a commander in the British Navy. In the beginning, he informs Piggy, “He’s a leader in the Navy. When he gets leave he’ll come and save us” (13 ). Ralph knows his daddy will discover him with his Navy group, and Ralph understands that the Navy understands that the kids are missing out on.
Ralph’s papa appears to have actually informed Ralph to constantly remain positive, due to the fact that no matter where Ralph is or what circumstance Ralph remains in; the Navy will constantly be there to assist him. Ralph makes it through in the end due to the fact that of his psychological toughness, but likewise his fair physical status. Another character who endures is Jack, who is the most physically fit on the island and he has good mindset till he loses it. Constankakis explains Jack as, “The leader of the choir. His fixation for power starts at the start, for he chooses himself for chief. He is the leader of the hunt, and power enters into his head and he goes nuts for hunting.
He was a friend of Ralph’s however wanted him killed to remove the power.” All Jack can think about it searching and finding food to consume. For example, after losing the election for chief to Ralph, Ralph still has Jack as the leader of the choir, and Ralph wishes to know what he desires them to be. Jack responses, “Hunters” (23 ). Jack has his mind on hunting, so he desires his choir to do the exact same. Jack understands that if his group of hunters can eliminate and find food, the boys can be there for a very long time and have a likelihood of making it through.
Another example of Jack’s desire to hunt wants a not successful day of searching, Jack goes back to Ralph who is constructing the shelters. Ralph is disturbed that Jack did not capture anything and he or his group of hunters did not assist Ralph and Simon construct the shelters. Jack states, “We want meat” (51 ). Jack repeats that several times throughout the argument since he understands that ultimately the young boys will be ill of the fruit and other edible things which they can perhaps run out of these items, so generating meat will be a different taste and the young boys will delight in that and improve their confidence that they can hunt more.
However, all the hunts increase Jack’s physically being, however they also decrease his mental status. Jack starts to lose his mind and begins to act like a savage due to the fact that his mind is on killing. Jack separates from the group and towards completion most of the boys are on his side. They killed a pig, and during the night they had a special banquet. A creature comes out of the bushes while they are celebrating, and the kids believe it is the monster, so they start attacking it. When they are assaulting, Jack leads the kids in a chant, “Kill the beast! Cut his throat!
Spill his blood” (152 ). The young boys keep shouting as they assault what they think is the monster. They do not realize until the next day that they were clawing and biting Simon, and they eliminated among their own. Jack was able to survive because of his physical strength along with his ability to believe like a leader which he lost. Nevertheless, there are two characters that lacked either the physical strength or the mental strength and did not survive. Constankakis explains Piggy as, “The most fully grown character in the unique, which leads to scorn and hatred from the other boys.
His physical constraints makes him see the world as an adult world, and he is the power behind the power,” and she describes Simon as, “The most gentle of the kids. He is driven by his interest of the island and he often volunteers to do jobs. He fears the beast, however he mentions that the beast might be within the boys. His disconnection to reality is translucented his seizures.” Piggy did not have the physical strength and Simon lacked the psychological durability. For instance, Piggy could refrain from doing much since of his physical status. In the start, the narrator explains Piggy as, much shorter than the reasonable young boy and really fat” (7 ). Piggy even realizes that he is not healthy, stating, “My auntie informed me not to run on account of my asthma” (9 ). Piggy can refrain from doing any exercise since his asthma will start up and he will have trouble breathing and his opportunities of dying increase, and it is already hard sufficient for him to walk around a lot since he is fat. Piggy also uses glasses, and without them he can not see. Piggy did have an upside, being among the most intelligent and wisest kids on the island.
He developed a bunch of excellent concepts such as blowing into the conch shell and forming a conference. On the other hand, Simon was the opposite of Piggy, who was fit, but was not in the greatest frame of mind of being. Simon was the only kid who dealt with Ralph in constructing the shelters, and Ralph states, “We have actually been working for days now” (50 ). This indicates that Simon is physically able to do labor for an extended period of time and he does not grumble about it. However Simon’s mind was never sensible, as he always wandered off to his area, where he would claim to have actually gone to the bathroom area.
In addition to wandering off, Simon always feared the monster, and whenever it was raised by the young boys, he would constantly get into the conversation. Simon likewise began to hallucinate, for he spoke with the lord of the flies and he started to faint all the time. In the end, both of the young boys die due to the fact that of their shortages. Piggy passed away because a stone knocked him off a cliff in which he was up to his death. Ralph got out of the method of the boulder, however Piggy had his glasses taken and he might not see. Simon was killed by most of the boys since he came crawling out from the bushes and the kids thought he was the monster.
Simon never ever spoke out or made an effort to show to the boys that he was not the monster, and the boys’ savaged minds did not recognize in time and therefore Simon was eliminated and the shore cleaned him away. Piggy and Simon did not have both the physically strength or the mental strength and they were eliminated and did not make it through. In conclusion, William Golding utilizes his characters Ralph, Jack, Piggy, and Simon in his 1954 novel Lord of the Flies to show that one should be strong physically and psychologically in order to survive since they are meeting the needs of Darwin’s theory of natural choice.
If an individual has both qualities, then they will show that Darwin’s theory of natural choice holds true which those who do not have one characteristic will not make it through. Research and development of genetics essentially showed Darwin’s theory, and there are still many individuals who doubt his theory despite the fact that it has actually been shown by many scientific experiments. If everyone worldwide can attain both characteristics at a remarkable level, then the human life expectancy will increase considerably and the human race will get stronger and stronger through each generation.