Lord of the Flies Morality
Morality is personal or cultural worths, standard procedures, and social concepts that identify right and wrong in the human society. Theorist Thomas Hobbes Thinks that Everybody is a savage without law or morality, and that there are good men only due to the fact that of society, without society everyone would be savage. while Jean-Jacques Rousseau thinks that human beings are innately honorable savages. The two various ideas these thinkers have about morality and what makes an individual moral leads us to ask; what causes people to abandon moral behavior?
In the book, Lord of the Flies, author William Golding uses many characters and themes such as jack, Roger, and fear to show how morality can be abandoned. From the beginning of the book the character Jack desires power more than anything else, he becomes furious when he loses the election for leader to Ralph. Jacks thirst for power eventually lead him to abandon morality. The first time jack encounters a pig in the forest he freezes and is unable to eliminate it, Jack quickly becomes obsessed with searching and devotes himself to searching, painting his face like a barbarian.
Since jack was unable to kill a pig the very first time he comes across one his ego and image is considered less by the kids. With the loss of his image Jacks searches for power in the group is that much more difficult to get power. This battle motivates Jack to commit himself to hunting bringing out the true savage Hobbes believes everybody has within themselves. When Jack has lost his morality he does nothing but eliminate. “Eliminate the monster, Cut her throat, spill her blood” (75 ).
Jacks transformation from civilized bully to savage killer is total and he is obsessed with hunting at the expenditure of anything, even rescue. Rhythmic chant after the pig hunt Jacks tribe sings is unpleasant and shows just how bad things are getting because of Jack. Hobbes’ idea of humanity is being revealed by this quote, In Jacks tribe there is no laws, no guidelines, no limits allowing his people to be endlessly violent and savage. The more savage Jack becomes, the more he is able to control the rest of his people.
In the book the character Roger starts as being a shy quite kid, however winds up following jack and his savagery ways ending up being jacks assistant in addition to supervising of torture and pain. Roger has followed jack and lost all morality ending up being savage and having no remorse for his violent acts. When roger returns to the camp he begins throwing rocks at the littluns as they build sand castles on the beach, watching how they would respond thoroughly.
Roger chooses to abandon his morality to sign up with Jack in searching for food while Ralph and Piggy attempt to make a camp. Roger is constantly testing the limits of his savagery by engaging in terrible torture of the pig, Piggy, and the littleuns. He supports Jacks leadership in the same way Piggy backs up Ralph. Rogers Savagery is at a perpetuity high when, later on in the chapter Roger drops a boulder at castle rock killing piggy quickly. Roger no longer cares about the effects of his actions no matter how immoral.
Hobbes’ idea of morality is supported by roger since roger reveals the true savage within. Hobbes’ concept of morality is likewise supported since roger is in a tribe that is addicted to eliminating, Hobbes thinks that morality is a social agreement. Roger is an essential figure, and one of the original members of jacks Morality deserted people. In the end we can attempt to utilize the characters and figures in William Golding’s book Lord of the Flies to respond to the question; what causes people to abandon moral habits?
In the book we saw that Jacks thirst for power in the group ended up making him turn unethical for power. This transformation Jack went through triggered a domino impact and soon a group of unethical human beings was made. This new group of savages became devoted to killing and everything began with one person, Jack. Does a bachelor have the ability to make all human beings immoral? Golding, William. Lord Of the Flies. NY, NY: Putnam Publishing, 1954 Pinker, Steven. The Blank Slate. NY, NY: Penguin Publishing, 2002