Letter from Birmingham Prison Summary
Letter from Birmingham Prison Summary ju essential Summary of MLK’s Letter from Birmingham Prison Martin Luther King Jr.’s Letter from Birmingham Prison is a reaction to a statement that was released by 8 clergymen trom Alabama. He normally does not respond to people’s criticisms of his activities since he would otherwise have no time to do constructive work. However since he feels that the clergymen are guys of great will which their criticisms were sincere, he wished to take the time to respond.
King opens the letter With specifying his position as President of the Southern Christian Management Conference– a company operating in every southern state that has affiliation with the Alabama Christian Movement tor Human rights, His purpose on earth is to bring the gospel of freedom beyond his home town, simply as the prophets from the Bible tarried the gospel to the corners of the Greco-Roman world.
Kings letter was organized in an organized fashion that discusses what triggered him to start taking direct action, why direct action is needed, why it merits to break unjust laws, being thought about an extremist, is dissatisfaction with the church, and recognizing the true heroes of the South. King feels there is a connection berween all neighborhoods, For that reason, he can not work exclusively in Atlanta and not be worried about what occurs in Birmingham. “Injustice anywhere is a hazard to justice everywhere. It’s unfortunate that the citfs White class structure leaves the Negro community with no option for direct actiom Birmingham is the most segregated city in the United Negroes have experienced grossly unjustified treatments in the streets and in the courts that are extensively known, There have been more unsowed ombings of Negro homes and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the nation. Negroes looked for to work out with the city leaders, but they regularly refused to engage in good-faith settlement.
Another cause of direct action was the broken arrangement to a moratorium on all racial indications that sat in shops’ windows that was made by Birmingham’s neighborhood leaders In preparation to begin taking direct action, the Negros decided to carry out a process of self-purification. King started a series of nonviolent workshops where they would learn to accept blows without retaliation, and sustain the experience of ail Non-violent direct action is developed to create such a crisis that a neighborhood which has consistently refused negotiation is now required to confront the problem.
The southland has actually been forced to live in monologue rather than discussion for too long. Among The criticisms in the clergymen’s Statement was questioning why MLK didnt provide the brand-new city administration time to act. His response was that the brand-new Birmingham administration must be prodded before they will acL He thinks that Albert aoutwell– a segregationist and the mayor– will not do something about it in the massive resistance to desegregation without pressure through legal nd nonviolent action King specifies ‘We understand through agonizing experience that freedom is never ever voluntarily given by the oppressor; it must he demanded by the oppressed. A second issue the clergy guys had was the Negros determination to break laws. King responses by stating that there are two types of laws: simply and unjustified. He thinks that everyone has a moral obligation to comply with just laws, and disobey the unfair laws. How do you identify the distinction? A just law is in harmony with the law of God and boosts human personaliry, while and unjust law opposes the Word of God and gives the segregator an incorrect sense of uperiority. and the segregated an incorrect sense of inability. Meshach, Shadrach. nd Abednego defied an unfair law. They wanted to accept death rather than send to unjust laws. King thinks that the best stumbling block in his stride towards liberty are not organizations such as the Ku Klux Klan, however the white moderate, who preters a negative peace which is the lack of tension, to a positive peace which is the presence Of justice, Order exist for the sole purpose Of establishing justice. King was somewhat bewildered that the clergymen considered him to be an extremist. Hc_mever. e gradually gained a sense of fulfillment from the title after realizing that Jesus ‘, vas classified as an extremist. He utilizes the significant scene on Calvary hill as an example. 3 guys were crucified that day, and all for the same rmson– the criminal activity ot extremism Two were extremists for immorality, the other, Jesus Christ, was an extremist for love, truth, and goodness. “Oppressed individuals can not stay oppressed permanently. The yearning for liberty ultimately manifests itself, and that is what has actually occurred to the American Negro.
Something within has actually advised him of is due of freedom, and something without has advised him that it can be gotten’ The concern is not whether they will be extremists, but what kind ot extremists they Will be, King goes on to expresses a significant dissatisfaction with the white church and its management. Before specifying his specific dissatisfactions, he establishes himself as a minister of the gospel who enjoys the church: not as d unfavorable critic who can constantly find something incorrect with the church.
King had hoped that the religious leaders would, with deep ethical concern, serve as the channel through which the Negros attempts tor justice might reach the power tructure. he was disappointed, King claims that he has yet to hear a white minister declare that combination is ethically best and the Negro is your bro. Instead, he has actually heard numerous ministers say that those are social issues, with which the gospel has no genuine issue.
King explains a time when the church was really and rejoiced at being considered deserving to suffer for What they think in. The contemporary church is a weak, unimpressionable voice; and if ir does not recapture the sacrificial spirit of the early church, it will lose its authenticiry and e dismissed as an unimportant social club with no significance for the twentieth century. The final subject King writes about is honoring the couple of “honorable souls” that went against the grain of conformity and suffered as active partners in the defend liberty.
King is persuaded that if the inexpressible cruelties of slavery did not stop them, then the opposition they now face uuill likewise definitely tail The clergymen applauded the police officers for keeping “order” and “avoiding violence,” however King feels that the clergymen wouldn’t be so applauding if they understood how authorities treated unarmed and nonviolent Negroes. He wishes the clergymen had actually commended the Negroes. instead, for their Determination to suffer prejudiced persecutions. One day the South will acknowledge their real heroes.
It will be the people that stood tor what is best in the American dreanm MLK has never written so long a letter, however he asks what else is one expected to do aside from think long ideas, compose long letters, and hope long prayers when locked up alone in a narrow jail cell? He asks for the clergymen’s forgiveness ahead of time if he anything in the letter that indicates an unreasonable impatience Then e begs for God’s forgiveness if he stated anything that suggests having a perseverance that enables him to opt for anything less than brotherhood.
He hopes to satisfy the clergymen one day as a fellow clergyman and Christian Sibling; instead of an integrationist or civil-rights leader. King closes his letter by saying “Let all of us hope that the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away. „ and in some nor too remote tomorrow the radiant stars ot love and brotherhood will shine over our excellent nation with all their scintillating charm. Yours for the cause of Peace and Brotherhood, Martin Luther King, Jr. “