Letter from Birmingham Prison Rhetorical Analysis- Martin Luth
Gurpreet Singh 10-01-10 Mr. BaldwinE5X-02 Martin Luther King, Jr. Analytical Essay Violence, force, bribery. These are simply the few of the lots of methods figures all throughout history have actually pertained to implement their ideas among others. Whether it be through force or reasoning, there needs to be some kind for persuasion to pass of your claim. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., promoter of social justice, used rhetorical strategies to encourage his challengers of his claims. When Dr. King received a letter from 8 Alabama clergy guys, attacking his works for civil ights, he wrote back to them utilizing the rhetorical methods of pathos, principles, and logos. Dr. King lacks a doubt a master of rhetoric, as is exemplary through his specialist usage of pathos, principles, and logos. Dr. King utilizes pathos to make the readers feel understanding towards the injustice him and his fellow black next-door neighbors deal with every day. In his letter, Dr. King makes an extremely emotional and strength when he goes over the hardships partition has given his community, when he states, When you unexpectedly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six year old child why she can’t go to the general public amusement park that has simply been marketed on tv, and see tears welling up in her eyes when she is informed that Funtown is closed to colored kids. (?? 14) This piece of the letter is certainly the most prominent one, interesting the readers emotions. Dr. King does an extraordinary job in offering an insight to the reader and audience of veryday African American life. By using the example of his child sobbing due to the fact that she is not enabled into Funtown due to the fact that of the color of her skin, it makes the audience feel that it is their own fault that she is crying, sending off a sense of remorse. This feeling of regret remains in turn utilized by Dr. King as a legitimate reason to prevent segregation. King later estimates his own five year old boy, “Daddy, why do white people deal with colored people so mean?” (?? 14) This quote is quite embarrassing, in the sense that the feelings of segregation are so strong, that even a five year ld is questioning what makes him so different from his neighbors, and why him, his family, and his neighborhood are maltreated. This impacts the audience due to the fact that it makes them feel embarrassed for how unnecessarily far they have taken segregation. Martin Luther King, Jr. planned to develop a feeling of proximity and compassion for the civil rights cause, which he did with fantastic success using his proficiency of pathos. Dr. King’s understanding of ethical law and ethical thinking makes his arguments very strong through his usage of ethos. Among the methods Dr.
King utilizes ethos to strengthen his argument against the Alabama clergy is when he describes the bible, he says, … Simply as the Apostle Paul left his village of Tarsus and brought the gospel of Jesus Christ to the far corners of the Greco Roman world, so am I obliged to bring the gospel of freedom beyond my own home town. Like Paul, I should continuously respond to the Macedonian require help. (?? 3) Understanding that his audience is extremely pious, Dr. King uses a referral to the Apostle Paul, to feel bitter a respectable argument to them, utilizing a rhetorical gadget referred to as appeal to authority. Apostle Paul played an important role in getting the word out of Jesus, which is an act of holiness, and Dr. King compares his objective of getting the word out of morality and equality amongst blacks and whites to it. He suggests he has the support of God to wage his war against oppression, and this removes any potential condescendence between him and his audience. Dr. King starts to describe minutes in history where acts of civil disobedience were simply acts for the pursuit of freedom.
He states, We need to always remember that whatever Adolf Hitler performed in Germany was “legal” and whatever the Hungarian liberty fighters performed in Hungary was “prohibited.” It was “prohibited” to aid and comfort a Jew in Hitler’s Germany.” Dr. King also states, “In our own nation, the Boston Tea Party represented an enormous act of civil disobedience. (?? 21-22) Dr. King’s sarcasm made his point a great deal more reasonable. He controls the language, saying hat the white neighborhood states his actions for the requirement of civil liberties are not as reasonable and ethical as the independence of the thirteen colonies or the suppression of the Nazi anti- Semitism. Dr. King knowingly chooses these two occasions due to the fact that they appeal to the ethical elements of his arguments. Anti-Semitism is highly unethical and even though it was legal, should it be kept? And despite the fact that it was thought about civil disobedience to trash and attack British trade ships, was it wrong for the colonists to require flexibility? Dr. King alters the audience’s erspective towards the black community and his goal of accomplishing civil rights equality rather effectively utilizing ethos. Through his large understanding and proficiency of logos, Dr. King displays his proficiency of the rhetoric classification of reasoning. All throughout his letter, King utilizes thinking, distinction, and logical development to legitimize his argument. The most exemplary use of logos in King’s letter was when he stated, Now, what is the difference between the 2? How does one identify whether a law is just or unfair?
A simply law is a man made code that squares with the moral law or the law of God. An unfair law is a code that runs out harmony with the ethical law. To put it in the terms of St. Thomas Aquinas: An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in everlasting law and natural law. Any law that uplifts human character is simply. Any law that degrades human personality is unfair. All segregation statutes are unjustified because partition distorts the soul and damages the personality.
It offers the segregator an incorrect sense of superiority and the segregated an incorrect sense of inability. Partition, to use the terminology of the Jewish thinker Martin Buber, replaces an “I it” relationship for an “I thou” relationship and ends up relegating individuals to the status of things. Hence partition is not just politically, economically and sociologically unsound, it is ethically wrong and sinful. Paul Tillich has actually stated that sin is separation.
Is not partition an existential expression of male’s terrible separation, his dreadful estrangement, his awful sinfulness? (?? 16) In this excerpt, Dr. King addresses many different fields of understanding to make the difference between an unfair and simply law. Through his fantastic understanding of religion, King argues that any law that remains in accordance to the law of God is simply. He also utilizes an attract authority when he referrals to St. Thomas Aquinas, using his meaning of unjustified and just laws to support his distinction. He applies his understanding of ethics, explaining that unjust laws break down human ersonality, and makes the rational connection that all segregation laws are unjustified due to the fact that they all deteriorate human character. Once again, he utilizes an interest authority describing the Jewish theorist Martin Buber, defining Martin Buber’s idea of segregation and concluding that partition is not just wrong in the sense of politics, economics, and sociologic, but it likewise is morally incorrect. Using Paul Tillich’s idea that separation is sin, Dr. King concludes that segregation is dreadful sinfulness. Making these genius rational connections between ethics, faith, and reasoning, Dr.
King is absolutely a master of logo designs. It is clear that Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. is among the most influential people when it concerns social justice. He did not endure any oppression towards anyone. He was an effectively educated male, and his education came into play in his extremely convincing writing. First, he appeals to his own reputation and knowledge. Second, he attempts to arouse emotions or compassion in the readers. Lastly, he appeals to reasoning, supported with evidence and citations from prominent thinkers. This makes it evident that Dr. King is a master of rhetoric.