Letter from Birmingham Jail, an extensive Analysis
Letter from Birmingham Jail A Thorough Analysis Fay Gregory Topic Call Here Instructor’s Call Here 2b April 2013 Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. has actually constantly been considered as an extensive historical figure, yet numerous stop working to understand the magnitude of his prominent effect on our world today. In truth, it prevails for people to think of him only on the legal holiday devoted to his memory. His life and unforeseen death should always function as a pointer of something numerous people take for granted: their personal flexibility. elieve thar _ among King’s most reliable composing echniques is drawing comparisons from previous historic leaders to himself and his existing cause In Martin Luther Kings letter from girmingham Prison, he utilizes 3 different techniques to respond to a published statement by eight fellow clergymen from Alabama. The names Of the clergymen are as follows: Bishop C. C. J. Carpenter, Bishop Joseph A. Durick, Rabbi Hilton L. Grafman, Bishop Paul Hardin, Bishop Holan B. Harmon, the Reverend George M.
Murray, the Reverend Edward V _ Ramage, and the Reverend Earl Stallings. The letter was composed under son-evhat restricting situation He began writing the letter on the argins Of the paper in which the statement appeared and continued on scraps Of Composing paper provided by a friendly Negro Trustee. and concluded it on a pad his attorneys were eventually permitted to leave him. The methods utilized by King in the Birmingham letter are as follows: A. Making use of a sob story or pathos. g. The use of appeal to authority or values C.
Using attract logic or logos, King effectively utilizes these 3 methods along with the opposition’s arguments to construct a step by step plan to execute a non-violent campaign. For my analysis on the letter from Birmingham Prison, am going to utilize two sections with two various techniques. Initially, am going to mention parts otthe text that are the opposition’s arguments, then will explain parts of the text that utilize an emotional appeal, then will point our parts of the text that are an interest authority. and finally, I will mention parts of the text using an appeal to reasoning.
In the second section of this paper will answer some concerns I found in my research asked by the Liberation Curriculum, Martin Luther King, Jr. Documents Project, 2004; v. uliberationcurriculum. org. King starts his letter by resolving the Clergymen with, “My Dear fellow Clergymen”. Then he starts out with an emotional appeal followed by the first of the opposition’s arguments. He specifies, Mhile confined in the Birmingham prison (pathos), came across your recent statements calling my present activities “ill-advised and untimelym.
He then described that he hardly ever pause to answer criticisms Of his work and ideas, then uses an attract reasoning by advising that if he sought to address all the criticisms that cross his days, his secretaries would ave little time to do anything aside from such correspondence in the course of the day, and he would have no time at all for positive work. With another attract authority and logic, King recommends that he will attempt ro answer their statements in what he hopes will he client and reasonable terms considering that he feels that they are males of real goodwill and that the clergyman’s criticisms are seriously stated.
King uses another reliable writing method by drawing contrasts from past historic leaders to himself, for instance on the topic of preading knowledge of oppressions devoted through partition, King specifies that, “simply as the prophets of 80th century BC left their towns „ And simply as the apostle Paul left his brought the gospel of lesus Christ to the far corners or the Greco-Roman world, so am compelled to bring the gospel Of flexibility beyond my hometown.
In this method the Reverend positions his mission of preaching freedom alongside the efforts of the prophets of old in terms of significance, and hence invites the reader to contemplate the honorable task he is carrying out gecause religious beliefs is so commonly considered a sacred idea that hould never be challenged, King’s contrast of religious beliefs to freedom is highly effective in persuading the reader that oppressions dedicated upon an individual’s freedom are not to be tolerated. King likewise covers the need for a more nonreligious point of view by creating parallels between himself and Socrates.
King appeals too many of the readers of this letter also since many individuals in the United States haue a religious background. Therefore, King has the ability to capture the feelings of not simply fellow African-Americans, however to white religious Americans too. Now, as specified in my thesis declaration, will attempt to answer some concerns considered needed from this analysis. Question number one asked the concern what are the reasons Dr. King gave for being in Birmingham? King states that he was invited, that he has organizational incorporate Birmingham, and due to the fact that injustice remains in Birmingham.
Concern number Oyo asks, how does King address the charge of being an outsider? Or, King encourages that he has the honor Of working as president Of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), a company operating in every seven state, with head office in Atlanta Georgia. He even more encouraged that a number of months ago the affiliate in Birmingham asked to be on call to take part in a nonviolent direct action program if such were considered necessavy King stated they readily consented and when the hour came, they lived up to their promise, Oppression anywhere is a risk to justice everßhere.
We are captured in an inevitable network of mutuality, tied in a single garment of fate. Question number three states the line in bold print is thought about among King’s most popular quotes. Whar _ does this mean for individuals who have ignored the issues in Birmingham? The people who have actually disregarded the problem do so because things are entering their favor It recommends that if you are not individuals being treated unjustly you just overlook it because there is no impact on you. Nevertheless, King mentions that whatever affects one directly affects all indirectly.
This likewise recommends that even today there ought to be a sharing ot beliefs due to the fact that as King looks, we are incorporated a single garment ot fate Concern number four asks what are the 4 standard Steps Of any nonviolent project. Step one is the collection of the facts to identify whether injustices xist. Step 2 is negotiation. Step three is self-purification, and step 4 is direct action. For question number four King describes 2 types of law; just and unfair. How does he specify each? King explains simply laws as, laws that individuals not just haue a legal responsibilityro obey, however they likewise have an ethical responsibiliry to comply with.
A simply law is a manufactured rode that squares with the moral law or the law of God. Any law that uplifts human character is just. King explains an unjust law as one that individuals have an ethical duty to disobey. King advises that he agrees with St. Augustine in that an unjustified law is no law at all. An unjust law is a human law that is not rooted in ethical law and natural law Any law that breaks down human character is unjustified King further gazes that all segregation statures are unjust due to the fact that partition distorts the soul and harms the character.
Segregation offers the segregator an incorrect sense of superiority and the segregated an incorrect sense of inability. Question number five asked why do citizens pick to be silent about a law they may discover unfair. King refers to these people as moderates who are more evoted to order them to justice. They prefer an unfavorable piece, which is the absence of stress to a favorable peace, which is the existence of justice. According to King they will state “l agree with you in the objective you look for. however can not concur with your technique of direct action. Question number 6 says, King describes a negative peace; what does he indicate by this? According to King an unfavorable peace is a situation, in which the Negro passively accepted his unfair plight. Concern number 7 ask, what does King indicate by constructive nonviolent stress and how does he define the objective? According to King positive nonviolent tension is a direct action that looks for to create such a crisis and foster such a stress that a neighborhood which has constantly refused to negotiate is required to challenge the issue.
Positive nonviolent stress looks for to dramatize the issue so that the problem can no longer be overlooked. Concern number 8 asks us to use the four fundamental actions of a nonviolent campaign and state the examples from Birmingham. ACTION 1: Collection of the realities: Birmingham is the most highly segregated city in the United States, Birmingham’s regular brutality is extensively knowm Negros in Birmingham experienced grossly unfair treatment in the courts. There are more unsettled battles of houses and churches in Birmingham than in any other city in the country.
Settlements: * Negro leaders sought to work out with city daddies but the latter regularly refused to take part in good-faith settlements. In September when the chance to come talk with Birmingham’s economic recreation center, promises were made by the merchants the Negroes wound up being the victims of broken promises. * Similar to numerous past experiences the hopes of the Negroes had actually been blasted. Self-purification: Negroes uuere provided a series of workshops on nonviolence. * They consistently asked themselves” are you able to accept blouus without striking back? They asked themselves, “Are you able to withstand the ordeal of prison?” Direct action: * Withstood post ponement after post ponement. Sit-ins, marches, etc … In conclusion we are still following these practices today there is the example of the Jena six and the million Male March on Washington. There are several other examples that I do not have the opportunity to mention here. believe Kings nonviolent campaigns ought to be followed instead of using violence to ry to alter laws or manage any dispute.
Nonviolence ought to be the standard so that people can exist side-by-side quietly and justice can be served for all. In all scenarios the facts should be collected prior to any plan ot action is taken into location, [I Schultz, Mary. Color Coded Rhetorical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Prison, (accessed’ April 26, 2013) Schultz, Mam Color Coded Rhetorical Analysis of Letter from Birmingham Prison, (accessed: April 26, 2013) Schultz, Mary. Color Coded Rhetorical Analysis (41. “Response to “the Letter from Birmingham jail”. Anti Essays. 23 Apr., 2013