In the dystopian society Orwell develops in 1984 there is a frustrating, yet unsettlingly familiar sense of irony; the supreme leaders of Oceania, Big Bro and the inner celebration members, claim to be managing the everyday lives of the residents in order to bring them a much better life, ‘for the good of the celebration’ and ‘our brand-new, delighted life’. However, this is the distinct opposite to the reality Winston Smith resides in; a totalitarian state which professes to bring hope and joy, yet in truth drains any sense of optimism and happiness.
In a location bereft of any hope, Winston Smith finds himself desperately looking for a sense of individuality and relief.
It would be wrong to assume, nevertheless, that Orwell’s society is totally and entirely denied of solace, there are, a minimum of in area, one faint glimmers of hope, little fragments to which Winston clings; a person he sees in the passage, the masses of lower classes, the journal in which he writes. There are little information in Winston’s life that do bring a sense of relief; the reality that thankfully his space consists of an area in which he can stay hidden by the telescreens.
This uses him a minute location of privacy in a society where Big Brother is universal. The existence of his diary and his pen, there is relief in the reality that he has the ability to compose, even if it is incredibly unsafe to do so. Residues of the past can still be discovered in some locations, the paper weight Winston finds, for example ends up being something lovely and uncommon that brings colour to the grimness of his circumstance. The store in itself appears to be a location of hope, Winston discovers himself strangely drawn back to it.
Full of memories and paraphernalia of the past it provides some relief to the dark and bleak present. Winston likewise finds relief in individuals, evidently the wrong ones as the reader later on learns, but nonetheless the character of O’Brien attract him,” we will satisfy in a place where there is no darkness” Winston is told by him and this gives him hope. He composes his diary to O’ Brien and thinks this may be the only person who comprehends and feels the same method, offering him a sense of convenience ‘”I am with you … I am on your side” O’ Brien seems to be stating’ and although Winston is gravely mistaken, there is some relief that he believes someone empathises with him, this gives him faith. “Proles and animals are complimentary” specifies the celebration motto, and Winston believes with conviction that the only popular hope are within these ‘swarming neglected masses’. The proles seem totally free, whereas the rest of the population is indoctrinated and docile. The proles can reveal themselves, they are enabled to be passionate even if it just about beer and the lotto.
It is ironic that passion can also be stimulated in the external and inner celebration members, yet this passion remains in relation to ‘the two minute hate’ and to Big Bro, instead of a passion for freedom and for hope. Thus continuously Orwell writes that ‘if there is hope, it lies in the Proles’. Orwell himself states that the proles “represent real human beings with their emotions intact and not driven out of them.” Winston acknowledges that the Proles are the key to change, as they are the only people capable of thinking on their own.
However this is just a restricted relief, the proles have been tamed and inhabited by the celebration, they are enabled specific flexibility due to the fact that they do not have the ability to rebel, as Orwell composes they are not mindful of their own strength, “Till they become mindful they will never ever rebel, and until after they have rebelled they can not become conscious.” To that end hope might indeed lie with the proles yet it seems not likely to amount to the disobedience needed to bring relief to Oceania.
The idea that reasoning, tautologies and mathematics can never be genuinely altered is an essential style throughout 1984, in section one there is still hope and optimism in these fields, or two Winston beliefs. “Freedom is the freedom to state that 2 plus 2 makes 4. If that is approved, all else follows.” This belief offers Winston something to hang on to, he understands that it is true and it offers a sort of pledge that a minimum of something is inalterable. Winston wonders whether if everybody thought that two plus 2 makes 5, it be considered truth.
Yet the reality remains that although history is reworded, and occasions and people erased, no bureaucracy can modify the universal laws of maths. In area one Memory features as an outlet for relief and a place of hope, although it is evident that people do not remember the past as well as they should, Winston still has vague recollections and images from his past, the images of his mother and sis haunt him, however at least they show that there was something before. proles keep in mind lottery game … remembers songs … … shop keeper memory … man in bar … 984 is typically referred to as a warning to the future; Oceania has strong parallels with Stalin’s Russia and the message still resonates with the modern reader knowledgeable about the sense of fear and increasing federal government limitations in light of international events. Maybe hope can be drawn from Orwell’s footnote in the starting pages, specifying that ‘newspeak’ was the main language, the past tense suggests, as propounded by Margaret Atwood, that the dystopia was not everlasting. For Winston Smith, in the instant present of Oceania, there is a little sense of relief, yet just possibly since he is looking for it.
He views himself to be various from the rest of the external celebration members and this helps him to find some relief, yet at the exact same time also psychologically abuses him as he questions if he is a lunatic,’ a minority of one’. Although there is some relief to the grimness in area one, there is not rather adequate to fight the totalitarian control of Huge Brother, it appears that Winston Smith ultimately starts to take risks, not because he is confident or experience relief, however since he ends up being a lot more apathetic towards his own existence.