The first president of the United States, George Washington, notoriously stated, “If flexibility of speech is eliminated, then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the massacre” (Washington). Typically an ignorant working class is exploited for labour by the greater intellectual class. This type of exploitation is evident in the novel Animal Farm by George Orwell. While Animal Farm is meant to be an allegory for the Russian Revolution, Orwell demonstrates rather more broadly how an ignorant working class is easily controlled by the smarter population. After all the animals work together to overthrow the owner of the farm, Jones, they quickly agree to develop specific rules to guarantee every animal is equivalent. Napoleon, a pig who signifies Joseph Stalin, produces 7 commandments that the animals devotedly follow. However, only pigs are capable of really reading and remembering what the commandments are. The effect of the pig’s higher intelligence results in them enjoying the rewards and high-ends offered by the effort of the other animals, who do not have the psychological capability to comprehend they are being made the most of. The oblivious working class in Orwell’s unique Animal Farm illustrates how class stratification and exploitation is the outcome of an uneducated ignorant population. First, the animal’s failure to seriously believe and question authority permits the pigs to make decisions without difficulty. Next, the inability of the animal’s memory allows Napoleon’s partner Squealer to promote incorrect propaganda and history that the animals mistakenly think. Finally, the incompetence of the animal’s literacy level grants the pigs power to trick the population with composed words or laws. As an outcome, contesting and opposing authority is important to bringing modification in a society.
One problem is the rejection to question authority or examine information. This exists several times throughout the novel in lots of characters. Fighter, a hardworking devoted horse, gullibly thinks that Napoleon is working for the interest of all animals, and declines to ask about the choices made by Napoleon. When Napoleon blatantly lies and mentions that another pig is no better than a criminal, Fighter initially disagrees, however is not able to protest as he can not find the best arguments (Orwell 36). Instead of effort to disagreement Napoleon’s claim, he justifies the action by believing his motto: “Napoleon is constantly right, this appeared to him an enough response to all issues” (41 ). Boxer’s rejection to investigate and scrutinize Napoleon’s commands causes him to mindlessly labour for Napoleon for no compensation. Another example of the animals not challenging sovereignty is seen when the pigs reveal how they are distributing food. While the entire working class population struggled to feed themselves, the “brainworkers” or pigs, resided in luxury and comfort. When challenged about this inequality, Squealer brazenly states, “You do not imagine, I hope, that we pigs are doing this in a spirit of selfishness and opportunity? […] Milk and apples (this has actually been shown by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely required to the wellness of a pig. It is for your sake that we drink the milk and consume those apples” (23 ). After this implausible explanation, the animals still trust that this is in the very best interests of everybody, and there is no additional dispute. This oblivious stubborn belief that Napoleon’s leadership is representing equality pushes them to believe propaganda that leads to the robbery of the product of their effort. Lastly, Clover is another horse who recognizes that their original vision of animal equality has gone awry. Despite this realization, she does not challenge Napoleon’s regime. She would continue to “remain faithful, strive, carry out the orders that were given to her, and accept the leadership of Napoleon. However still, it was not for this that she and all the other animals had actually hoped and toiled” (59 ). Clover stopping working to speak up and argument versus Napoleon offers the pigs the opportunity to continue their injustice of the working class with no opposition. Without Clover prompting the other animals, they are entirely oblivious to their scenario. The animal’s anticipation of the ignorant ideal that the governing animals are only working towards the benefit of the entire population leaves them vulnerable to exploitation.
The animals’ inferior memory assists in Napoleon’s deceit as he creates an incorrect history that the animals need to think since they can not remember. For instance, as the animals start to perceive that living conditions are degrading, their doubts are gotten rid of by Squealer who supplies fabricated stats. When grumbling about starvation, Squealer states, “production of every class of food stuff had increased by 2 hundred percent, three hundred percent, or 5 hundred percent” (61 ). Despite this obvious lie, the animals “saw no reason to disbelieve him, particularly as they could no longer keep in mind plainly what conditions had actually been like in the past”(61-62). The incapability to remember past living conditions compels the animals to assume Squealer’s falsifications appropriate, enabling the imbalance of resources to continue in favour of the pigs. Later on, Squealer tries to slander Snowball’s (another pig) track record. The animals faintly recollect that Snowball battled valiantly versus Farmer Jones and was applauded for his actions. Squealer right away eradicates those thoughts, declaring how, “he attempted to get us beat at the Fight of the Cowshed” (53 ). He then explains his fictional version of the battle which glorifies Napoleon’s efforts so well that “when Squealer explained the scene so graphically, it seemed to the animals that they did remember it” (54 ). As soon as once again, the ineptitude to tape history or accurately think back the previous yields Squealer the chance to mislead the population for obedience. Lastly, the pigs have the ability to alter the fundamental 7 commandments to their advantage, as the animals can not remember what they originally stated. When the pigs begin to oversleep beds, plainly in infraction of the rule: “No animal will sleep in a bed”, Clover recalls this judgment against beds (15 ). Yet when Squealer informs her that the rule has always been composed as “No animal shall oversleep a bed with sheets”, Clover believes, “she had actually not remembered that the Fourth Commandment pointed out sheets; but as it was there on the wall, it must have done so” (45 ). Due to the impaired memories of the animals, the pigs can customize the law unobstructed to improve only their own way of life. The revision of numerous laws give the pigs flexibility to do things that were originally outlawed, such as drink alcohol or wear clothing. Subsequently, without having the ability to correctly keep in mind or record history, the animals come down with the pig’s propaganda and counterfeit history.
Furthermore, the inadequacy of the animals’ literacy abilities allows the pigs to seduce the population using the uncertainty of language that the animals can not understand. This is very first shown when the pigs twist the meaning of the primary rules for their benefit. Utilizing their superior literary skills, the pigs change the initial commandment “All animals are equivalent” into “All animals are equivalent however some are more equal than others” (90 ). This phrase is glaringly flawed and contradictory, yet the pigs are still able to continue their exploitation. The animals fail to find how the term “equivalent” no longer has a significance, or recognize the hypocrisy of mentioning equality for all, however a select elite group. With no literacy skills, the pigs easily misshape the significance of written language to justify their actions and establish an aristocracy for themselves. Shortly after Fighter is hurt, Napoleon makes the plans to offer Boxer to be slaughtered in exchange for alcohol. When the automobile utilized to carry Fighter shows up, the animal’s illiteracy avoided them from checking out the words on the truck: “Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler, Willingdon. Dealer in Hides and Bone-Meal” (82 ). When reports begin to spread out about what the truck really read, Squealer simply notifies them that the truck belonged to a veterinary cosmetic surgeon. Given that the animals can not identify the words themselves, they can not validly vindicate the pigs of any dishonesty. Later, the pigs prove that Snowball is a criminal by producing counterfeit files incriminating him. Once more, the animals are incapable of figuring out the letters and for that reason need to think the word of the pigs. In the beginning, the animals are incredulous of this allegation, but after Squealer argues how Snowball had it all “made a note of in the secret documents that we have actually discovered […] I could reveal you this in his own writing, if you had the ability to read it” (54 ). Without the capability to validate this statement, the pigs can easily generate proof to validate anything without any conflict from the illiterate animals. The pigs effectively make use of and deceive all other animals through written propaganda as a result of the incompetence of the animal’s literacy abilities.
In Animal Farm, the story suggests that class stratification is the repercussion of an oblivious working class that is vulnerable to exploitation. Throughout the story, the animals fail to slam or oppose any decisions made, enabling the inequitable circulation of resources for the pigs. In addition, the deficient memory of the working class allows the pigs to mislead animals with propaganda to protect compliance. Lastly, the subpar literacy level of the animals leads to the inability to contest versus composed short articles or laws. Equality, as Orwell indicates, can just be developed with an educated society.