The books ‘The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn’ and ‘The Catcher in the Rye’ are both embeded in times where the expectations of society varied from the among today. Huckleberry Finn is set in the late 1800s, pre U.S.A. civil war and in a time where slavery was an accepted event and the escape of a slave was seen as legally and morally wrong. This was also a time in which church presence and education were viewed as tokens of respectability.
A young boy, the eponymous character, Huck, looks for to turn down all that he regards as overbearing and cruel in order to develop an alternative life as a wanderer, far from adult control.
The Catcher in the Rye’, on the other hand, was embeded in the late 1940s, a time when teens were just beginning to gain their own lives and being permitted more freedom than ever in the past. The picaresque unique offers the reader an insight into middleclass life in New York in the 50s and how one boy felt caught by the expectations of his parents and school.
His period of comparative liberty results in unexpected repercussions as he falls victim to anxiety and ultimate guidance in an institution, putting paid forever to his imagine freedom.
Both novels present the styles of liberty and escape and the selected extracts depict incidents in the characters’ lives which focus on this theme. In both of the extracts, the characters are pretending to be someone else, Huckleberry Finn a girl and Holden Caulfield taking an incorrect identity. The reader may presume from this that by assuming a various and phony identity, the 2 kids can get away from their own lives; ones that are full of issues and worries. Escaping their lives permits them both to live a little more freely, even if simply for a little while.
However, Huckleberry Finn and Holden handle their brand-new identities for various factors. For instance, Huckleberry Finn presumes the alternative identity in order to take a trip across town without being acknowledged by anyone, as he was supposed to have died not long in the past. Another factor he needed to pretend to be a girl is to safeguard his and Jim’s security. Holden on the other hand, presumes the alternative identity in order to befriend people he satisfies on his journey without individuals realising that he needs to still be at school. Different audiences of the two novels would translate and receive the incidents in the extracts really in a different way.
For example, the audience of Huckleberry Finn would be stunned at Huck escaping, dealing with a servant and after that impersonating a girl. This is due to the fact that the changes in society considering that Huckleberry Finn was composed are substantial. In the late 1800s, young kids were to be well informed and after that dispatched to be a successful business owner, not to leave and run amok. Slaves were also viewed as inferior and a belongings and anybody helping them was breaking the law. Another thing that the various audiences would feel differently about is the truth that Jim gets called a ‘nigger’ frequently.
An audience of the 1880s would accept that as normal as they were utilized to hearing it, whereas an audience of the 2000s would be shocked by this, as the word nigger has a very harmful significance nowadays and is considered a racist insult due to the equality rights now instilled in the bulk of society, due to the word going through perjoration. The audience of Catcher in the Rye would most likely not be surprised at the behaviour that Holden utilizes, as teens in the late 1940s were getting a brand-new sense of liberty and the threats of letting your kids out into the world without supervision had actually not yet been considered.
They likewise would accept that he may befriend any stranger that he encounters. However in the 40s there still existed conventional views about regard for authority although they were slowly averted. His parents nevertheless do not approve of him staying in the hotel by himself. In the 2000s nevertheless, we would frown upon a young teenager travelling around alone, speaking to complete strangers and reserving a hotel space in a large city. The maturity of the two different characters is likewise very different.
Although Holden desires and attempts to be mature, the reader really quickly sees that he remains in actual reality really childish and naive. This could be so that he can get away the truths of adult life, and stay in his idealistic kid’s world permanently. Despite this, he does try to seem more of an adult by using more taboo language and more complex language around individuals who he would like to impress, like the women in the Lavender Space. For instance, he states; ‘I’m twelve, for Chrissake.
I’m huge for my age.’ Although the word Chrissake, which is the words ‘Christ’s sake’ after going through elision and with Holden’s idiolect, is not considered taboo now, it was still discredited in the 1940s, as some sectors of society were still extremely spiritual. Another taboo word he utilized a lot is ‘Goddamn’. Once again this word, which is the words ‘God damn’ that have also undergone elision and are with Holden’s idiolect, is no longer thought about taboo or offensive, due to the modification in society over time.
This language option shows Holden’s immaturity as it shows that he thinks that using taboo words and more complicated language will make him look more matured, when in actual truth it merely makes him seem barbaric and pompous. Huck, on the other hand appears quite comfortable with his maturity level, which is one that appears to vary. For example, he seems to treat the whole journey in the novel as an experience, one that fuels his child-like imagination; as is revealed when Huck plays a trick on Jim. He says; ‘I went to the cavern to get some, and discovered a rattlesnake therein.
I killed him, and curled him up at the foot of Jim’s blanket, ever so natural, believing there ‘d be some enjoyable when Jim found him there’. This highlights his immature side as kids are most likely to play tricks and find them entertaining. Another way that Twain shows Huck’s immaturity and failed education is through his speech, as Twain utilizes elision in depicting Huck’s speech and offers him a really strong idiolect and dialect. One instance of this is; ‘Who done it? we have actually heard substantial about these goings on, down in Hookerville, however we don’t know who t’was that eliminated Huck Finn. Huck uses the word ‘t’was’ instead of stating ‘it was’. Utilizing elision as strong as this also reveals us how severely educated Huck is, in spite of the attempts of Widow Douglas to correct this. Nevertheless, you do get to see the more fully grown side of Huck. One example of this is when he makes prepare for his escape from his dad. He makes a list of the things he needs and even fabricates his own death so that he can never ever be found. This shows his maturity due to the fact that he has the initiative to put the plans into place and trick individuals he is getting away from.
Another example would be when he treats and considers Jim to be his buddy, as it is obvious that he needs to overlook society and make his own choice to befriend someone who might potentially get him into trouble with the law. Also, he has to conquer an ethical problem when choosing whether to leave with Jim, or hand him over to Widow Douglas, to whom Jim rightfully belongs. The truth that Jim is a belongings of another person would stun contemporary audiences as they are not used to this due to the change in society.
This particularly shows his maturity since he was making a decision about somebody else’s life as well, as Jim would have been offered on if returned to Widow Douglas, for that reason thwarting his plan to discover his family. The choice that Huck needed to make had consequences beyond his control and Huck was totally and entirely aware of this whilst making the option. The main characters in the two novels respond to the theme of escape in different however not quite contrasting ways. For Huckleberry Finn, the journey he goes on allows him to mature and understand what he wants for himself in the future.
Huck’s resolution to embrace conventional social values by resuming his studies shows he has actually pertained to a favorable decision about his future. On the other hand, for Holden the journey is a truth check, as it reveals him that he is not prepared for the outside and adult world because he hadn’t even got the simple child’s world right. He saw life as a video game, and was stubbornly naive. His loss of autonomy at the end of the unique programs loss of dreams of liberty and little hope of escape from the down spiral he has found himself in along the method.