How Is Death Presented in the Books ‘of Mice and Men’ and ‘the Outsiders’
Both Steinbeck and Hinton use effective methods to present death in the books ‘Of Mice and Males’ and ‘The Outsiders’. One of the lots of techniques utilized by Steinbeck is the death of Auntie Clara as this tragedy required George to take care of Lennie. Similarly, in ‘The Outsiders’ the death of Ponyboy’s moms and dads is among the main reasons why he and his siblings (Darry and Sodapop) are members of the Greasers gang. As the book ‘Of Mice and Men’ establishes, Candy’s canine gets shot, this forces Candy to consider his future and as an effect he wants to belong to George and Lennie’s dream.
This likewise made Sweet lonely as his buddies on the cattle ranch. In addition, when Lennie kills Curley’s partner, Steinbeck uses words like ‘young’ and ‘quite’ to make the reader’s point of view towards her be various than at the beginning of the book. This is viewed as a reluctant murder since Lennie was just trying to make her stop shouting in order to prevent getting in trouble if George hears her, this occurrence also meant completion of George and Lennie’s dream, which George was not amazed of.
In the last chapter of the book, readers are shocked when George kills Lennie, nevertheless Steinbeck made it apparent that George only did this to spare him from an unpleasant death in the hands of Curley, this likewise suggested a new friendship being formed: George and Slim’s. Early in the book ‘The Outsiders’ Johnny eliminates Bob, Hinton made the readers think that it was an act of self-defence, however others might believe he just wished to kill a Soc, as both gangs are enemies, due to the social division which Hinton herself dealt with in high school, and also since of previous disputes Johnny had with ‘Socs’.
Later in the book, Johnny passes away attempting to conserve the children in the burning church. This, for some readers, might be seen as if he passed away a hero, but for others a murderer as he eliminated Bob, Hinton makes sure this is up to the reader’s opinion. As an effect of Johnny’s death, Dally robs a grocery store with an unloaded gun, he did this on purpose because he knew he was going to get contended, Hinton utilizes this strategy to make the readers know that Johnny was the only thing that Dally truly loved.
The death of Ponyboy’s parent impacts the book substantially as it is among the primary reasons Darry, Sodapop and Ponyboy are members of the ‘Greasers’ gang. This is apparent when Ponyboy states, “I could have gotten among the gang to come along, one of the 4 young boys Darry, Soda and I have actually grown up and think about family”)(Hinton, 1967). This shows how Ponyboy and his siblings utilize the gang to substitute their parent’s absence. When Ponyboy says they have actually grown up with the gang it stresses that they are very close and consider themselves as family.
Additionally, this forces them to behave in order to stay together. (“The 3 of us get to stay together as long as we act. “)(Hinton, 1967) Given that the start of the book it is clear to the readers that ‘Greasers’ and ‘Socs’ are opponents (“We get leapt by Socs. “)(Hinton,1967) This is generally because of the social division there was, which Hinton likewise experienced in her high school. This brought different malicious consequences, the most essential one being the death of Bob. This for some readers was seen as an act of self-defence as Bob was going to kill Ponyboy, (“I needed to.
They were drowning you Pony. “)( Hinton, 1967) However, earlier in the book Johnny mentions the following: “I will eliminate the next person that leaps me,”(Hinton,1967) for that reason the murder of Bob may be likewise seen as an act of revenge for the past conflicts Johnny has confronted with regards to ‘Socs’. Hinton does not define why did Johnny kill Bob and chooses to let the readers have their own opinion about the murder. In my viewpoint Johnny did this as an act of vengeance considering that he was exasperated with all the times the ‘Socs’ have leapt him he saw the chance to eliminate Bob and took it.
However, Hinton makes sure that readers do not see him as a cold-blooded murderer as even though he had different factors to eliminate Bob as pointed out previously, Johnny did save his friend. As the book establishes, Johnny passes away trying to conserve the kids in the burning church. This made the reader think of him as a hero, despite eliminating Bob. In addition this impacted Ponyboy as, due to the fact that of this he will attempt to stay innocent since Johnny told him to “remain gold”(Hinton, 1967) which implied he wanted Ponyboy to keep his golden qualities that set him apart from his buddies such as honesty and knowledge.
Nevertheless, this made Dally to commit assisted suicide as he robbed a grocery store with an unloaded gun, knowing that he was going to get contended. This demonstrates how Johnny was the only thing Dally actually loved. Earlier in the book when Ponyboy states: “Johnny was Dally’s pet”(Hinton,1967) emphasizes how Dally treated Johnny as his favorite of the gang. After Johnny’s death, Ponyboy tells how Dally “Ran out like the devil sought him. He’s gon na blow up. He could not save it. (Hinton, 1967)
Making use of the word devil demonstrate how extremely unpleasant the scenario remained in that moment. Likewise the fact that Dally’s response towards Johnny’s death was running makes the readers understand that something horrible will happen, bearing in mind Ponyboy’s description of how he said that Dally was going to blow up. Dally then robs a supermarket. He understood the police officers were going to shoot him and therefore this is as viewed as if he wanted to die.
After Dally passes away, Ponyboy states: “Two friends of mine had died that night; one a hero, the other a hoodlum. (Hinton, 1967) Readers are required to examine the question, who is the hero and who is the hoodlum. Johnny might be seen as the hooligan for killing Bob and, as specified earlier, it could be seen as an act of vengeance. Ponyboy says that Dally has actually always been “young, violent and desperate”(Hinton, 1967) which shows how he also can be the hoodlum. When it comes to being heroes, Johnny saved the children in the burning church, however Dally risked going to jail in order to help Ponyboy and Johnny escape to the church, as a consequence of Bob’s death.
In my opinion Ponyboy is referring to each character’s last actions to identify who was the hero and who was the hoodlum, for that reason Johnny is the hero as he passed away attempting to conserve the children in the burning church, and Dally the ruffian as he died after robbing a supermarket. The response to the concerns is merely based on the reader’s viewpoint. In the book ‘Of Mice and Guys’, comparable to ‘The Outsiders’, an adult figure dies, Aunt Clara. This has a great influence on the book considering that it is the reasons George looks after Lennie throughout the book.
When George says: “I knowed his Auntie Clara. She took him when he was an infant and raised him up. When his Aunt Clara passed away, Lennie just occurred with me out working.” (Steinbeck, 1937)When George explains how Aunt Clara raised Lennie demonstrates how she was a mom to Lennie. Likewise the truth that he understood her effectively and looked after Lennie reveals the affection George had towards Aunt Clara. This also emphasizes how George was required to take care of Lennie. As the book develops, George and Lennie go work at a cattle ranch, Steinbeck knew precisely how cattle ranches were as he invested his summers working on cattle ranches.
This understanding is reflected in the book. On the cattle ranch George and Lennie meet and old man named Candy who has only one friend, which is his pet dog, however the odor of it was excruciating for some workers in the ranch, it was so horrible that they could not sleep, as a consequence, Carlson and other cattle ranch employees wanted to shoot the canine. (“That pet dog of Sweet’s is so god damn old he can’t barely stroll. Stink like hell, too”)(Steinbeck, 1937). This shows how intolerant the workers were. This was a problem for Sweet as he was likewise old.
After Carlson shoots the dog, Sweet regrets having him eliminate his dog and states “I ought to of shot that pet dog myself George.” Showing how as the canine was his only pal, a stranger had no right to shoot him. After Candy’s canine’s death, he then starts thinking about his future as the words Carlson states keep resonating in his head. (I wisht someone shoot me if I get old and a cripple. “)(Steinbeck, 1937) As a repercussion Sweet wishes to belong to George and Lennie’s dream. (“S’pose I shared you people.
That’s three hundred and fifty dollars I ‘d put in. “)(Steinbeck, 1937)This is also very crucial to him due to the fact that of the economic crisis there was in that time due to the Great Anxiety which Steinbeck himself likewise faced, as the book was written throughout these challenging times. Later in the book, Lennie kills Curley’s partner by accident as he did not desire her to yell, this is apparent to the readers because he says, “I don’t want you to shout. You gon na get me in difficulty just like George states you will. (Steinbeck, 1937) This demonstrates how Lennie knows he needs to not be with Curley’s other half considering that George cautioned him not do so, therefore he does whatever is possible in order to make sure that George does not find out about him being with Curley’s partner, triggering him to unintentionally murder her. The death of Curley’s better half affects the readers as Steinbeck now makes them have a various point of view of her. (“She no longer appears like a tart who require attention; she rather appears like a young, pretty, innocent lady, sleeping securely. )(Steinbeck, 1937) Additionally George accepts he will not be able to attain the dream as he says to Candy: “I ought to of understood. I guess maybe way back in my head I did, we weren’t going to do her. “(Steinbeck, 1937) This reveals the readers how George always understood that as a repercussion of Lennie’s chain of errors and absence of intelligence they were not ‘going to do her’ meaning they were not going to attain the modest dream they constantly wanted. In the last chapter of the book, George is forced to kill Lennie as he wanted to spare him from a painful death on the hands of Curley, for eliminating his wife.
Curley states: “I will shoot him in the guts”(Steinbeck, 1937), highlighting that Curley not just wants to kill Lennie, but he likewise wants to abuse him. Nevertheless some readers may think George had no right to kill Lennie, not just since it is a crime, but likewise because George is not the individual who selects whether Lennie lives or dies based upon his mishaps. Furthermore this develops a new friendship in between George and Slim as Slim invites him for a drink in the last pages of the book. (“Come on George. Me an’ you’ll go in an’ get a beverage. “) (Steinbeck, 1937)
Death is an important theme in the book ‘Of Mice and Guys’ and ‘The Outsiders’. Both are two extremely various books, however some aspects in concerns to ‘death’ are comparable, for example: in ‘The Outsiders’, Ponyboy’s parents die and as a consequence he becomes part of the ‘Greasers’ gang, similarly to ‘Of Mice and Guys’ Auntie Clara dies which forces George to look after Lennie. As the book establishes Carlson shoots Candy’s dog which makes him lonesome as the dog was his only good friend. In addition he accepts that he is old and requires to consider his future, for that reason he chooses to be part of George and Lennie’s dream.
Later on in the book Lennie kills Curley’s partner, as an outcome, George accepts they will not have the ability to accomplish the dream and eliminates Lennie to spare him from an agonizing death at the hands of Curley. Early in the unique ‘The Outsiders’ Johnny kills Bob, this for some readers may be viewed as a hero’s act as he was saving Ponyboy, however Johnny states in the book that he would kill the next Soc that assaulted him, therefore it might be viewed as an act of revenge in reagards to previous disputes Johnny had with the ‘Socs’.
Later on in the book both Dally and Johnny pass away. Johnny’s death forces Ponyboy to stay innocent and makes Dally rob a grocery store which results in his death, the reader’s reaction to this is that Johnny was the only thing that Dally really enjoyed. After Dally’s death the readers evaluate whether he passed away a hero or not since he ran the risk of going to jail to assist Ponyboy and Johnny, however he has constantly been violent, Hinton leaves this to the reader’s viewpoint.