Don Quixote Book I Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra

The Innovative Gentleman Sir Quixote of La Mancha (Modern Spanish: El Ingenioso Hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha, pronounced [el iŋxeˈnjoso iˈðalɣo ðoŋ kiˈxote ðe la ˈmantʃa], or just Don Quixote (/ ˌdɒn kiːˈhoʊti/, US:/-teɪ/, [1] Spanish: [doŋ kiˈxote] (listen)), is a Spanish book by Miguel de Cervantes. Published in two parts, in 1605 and 1615, Don Quixote is the most prominent work of literature from the Spanish Golden Era and the whole Spanish literary canon. As a starting work of modern-day Western literature, it regularly appears high on lists of the greatest works of fiction ever released, such as the Bokklubben World Library collection that points out Don Quixote as the authors’ choice for the “best literary work ever written”. [2]

The story follows the adventures of a noble (hidalgo) named Alonso Quixano who reads many chivalric romances that he loses his sanity and decides to become a knight-errant (caballero andante), reviving chivalry and serving his nation, under the name Don Quixote de la Mancha. He recruits an easy farmer, Sancho Panza, as his squire, who frequently uses a special, earthy wit in handling Don Quixote’s rhetorical orations on old-fashioned knighthood. Don Quixote, in the first part of the book, does not see the world for what it is and chooses to envision that he is living out a knightly story.

Throughout the novel, Cervantes uses such literary techniques as realism, metatheatre, and intertextuality. The book had a significant impact on the literary neighborhood, as evidenced by direct recommendations in Alexandre Dumas’ The Three Musketeers (1844 ), Mark Twain’s Experiences of Huckleberry Finn (1884 ), and Edmond Rostand’s Cyrano de Bergerac (1897 ), along with the word quixotic and the epithet Lothario; the latter describes a character in “El curioso impertinente” (“The Impertinently Curious Man”), an intercalated story that appears in Part One, chapters 33– 35. The 19th-century German thinker Arthur Schopenhauer cited Don Quixote as one of the 4 biggest books ever written, together with Tristram Shandy, La Nouvelle Héloïse, and Wilhelm Meisters Lehrjahre. [3]

When first published, Don Quixote was generally interpreted as a comic novel. After the Reign of terror, it was better understood for its central ethic that individuals can be ideal while society is quite incorrect and viewed as disenchanting. In the 19th century, it was seen as a social commentary, however no one might easily tell “whose side Cervantes was on”. Numerous critics pertained to see the work as a disaster in which Don Quixote’s idealism and nobility are viewed by the post-chivalric world as outrageous, and are defeated and rendered useless by typical reality. By the 20th century, the book had come to occupy a canonical area as one of the structures of contemporary literature.

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