Book II: Chapter XXXI – Chapter XXXIII Summaries
Sancho Panza is pleased with the sudden turn of events, as the castle of the duke and duchess proves more than hospitable. Don Quixote is sprinkled with sweet-scented waters and commemorated to such a level that “this was the first day that he was thoroughly persuaded of his being a true knight-errant, and not a fictional one, finding himself dealt with just as he had checked out knights-errant remained in previous times.”
Sancho approaches among the duchess’ attendants, Doña Rodriguez de Grijalva, and asks her to take care of Dapple and see that he is properly cared for in the stable. Doña Rodriguez is humiliated by the request and she and Sancho sling a number of nasty insults at each other. Much like an ashamed moms and dad, Don Quixote chides Sancho Panza, asking the squire whether he may behave more properly and hold his demand. But the duke and duchess aspire to please Don Quixote and Sancho Panza and they gladly direct the attendants to take care of Dapple.
At lunch (“dinner”), Don Quixote and Sancho Panza accompany the duke, duchess, and an ecclesiastic who is a guest of the castle. This visitor is uninformed of the duchess’ techniques. Don Quixote provides an account of his life as a knight, but the priest sees knight-errantry as a pernicious hold-over from heathen days. When Sancho points out that Don Quixote still owes him an island, the Duke reveals that he happens to have an island “of no inconsiderable value” that Sancho can rule as governor. The priest thinks the duke and he leaves the castle, infuriated. Sancho continues informing stories of Quixote’s exploits and these tales (specifically of Don Quixote’s failings) amuse the duchess to no end. After supper, Don Quixote has his head washed by the servants – however they desert him with most of the soap residue deliberately left soaking on his head. The duke and duchess re-affirm their order and caution the servants not to mess up the rues with impertinence.
Don Quixote talks about the lots of invisible enchanters that maltreat him. Uninterested in this, the duchess changes the topic to Dulcinea. Specifically, the duchess recalls reading that Don Quixote “never ever saw the girl Dulcinea, and there is no such girl worldwide, she being just a fictional woman, begotten and born of your own [Quixote’s] brain.” Don Quixote admits that only God knows whether Dulcinea is real. However, Don Quixote feels that he can vouch for Dulcinea’s noble lineage, all the exact same.
After lunch, Sancho Panza invests the afternoon with the Duchess and Sancho Panza aspires to please her. The duchess makes certain that she is alone with Sancho Panza and then she states that she has “some doubts arising from the printed history of the fantastic Don Quixote.” The duchess hopes that Sancho Panza will clarify a few of her questions and describe a few of the discrepancies in the recorded ale. Especially, the duchess is worried about the story of Dulcinea – which he thinks to be a sham.
Of course, this locations Sancho Panza in an uncomfortable position as he has been unethical. Sancho told Don Quixote that he delivered a letter to Dulcinea, though he did not. Sancho Panza prefaces his remarks by informing the duchess: “I am strongly convinced he [Don Quixote] seethes.” The duchess then asks Sancho how it is that he can dutifully serve a male he thinks to be mad. Sancho admits that he enjoys Don Quixote and serves him out of commitment. Additionally, Sancho has actually already quit on winning an island from Don Quixote – though he still expects that the duke will make great on his guarantee. On this topic, Sancho Panza ensures the duchess that he will govern the island well, though he admits that he does not have quite of the appropriate experience.
Sancho Panza discusses Montesinos’ cave – a new story for the duchess, for this episode was not included in Book I. On the topic of Dulcinea, Sancho Panza discusses that he disbelieves Don Quixote due to the fact that he (Sancho) knows that the “enchanted” Dulcinea is actually just a common woman that Sancho claimed to be Dulcinea. The duchess then argues, rather persuasively, that the magic is true and that it is Sancho who has been deceived. Sancho Panza ultimately comes to think the duchess when she states that she “knows from a good authority” that the nation wench who jumped onto the donkey “was and is Dulcinea.”
Sancho Panza’s interactions with the duchess and her attendants become a farcical funny of good manners. The controling social theme of Chapters XXX through LVII (for it is just then that Don Quixote and Sancho Panza are finally able to get away the duke and duchess, albeit briefly) is that of class-consciousness. Don Quixote and Sancho Panza are currently uncomfortable characters in Book II. Their egos are unduly complicated by the knowledge that an account of their current activities has been extensively published and checked out. The duchess complicates self-consciousness with class-consciousness. Her false entreaties for Don Quixote and Sancho Panza to unwind are developed to encourage the opposite behavior: the knight and squire feel unpleasant. Neither the knight nor squire knows precisely how to act, though both believe that the duke and duchess are their superiors.
Perhaps socially, the duke and duchess are superior, but they are ethically remiss. In biding their servants to cater to Don Quixote (a gentleman) and Sancho Panza (a peasant), the duke and duchess stir animosity between the members of the lower social set. Literary critics easily indicate the cruelty of the duchess and duke’s psychological game, a cruelty primarily inflicted upon Don Quixote. However the reader needs to likewise note the squandered labor and worries endured by the castles’ servants. When Quixote’s good friends tricked him (just like the ox-cart) the players were willing individuals, and they were roughly equal in social standing. In this scenario, the duke and duchess are abusing their worked with assistance and enjoying this game almost as much as they enjoy Don Quixote, who stays, after all, the principle amusement.
Chapter XXXI develops the significant paradox that lasts through the next twenty-six chapters. Significant paradox is a thriller device, suggesting a scene in which the audience (the readers, in this case) is warned of some crucial detail that a principal or primary character on stage (Don Quixote) fails to understand. For readers who have compassion with the knight, it will become painful to see Quixote’s painfully prolonged humiliation.
Earlier, Don Quixote explained that Dulcinea’s virtue and nobility derive from her appeal – a charm with which Quixote himself has invested her. Under the pressure of the duchess’ interrogation, Quixote doesn’t change his argument. His concept “that virtue ennobles blood” genuinely exposes the truth that “blood” neither ennobles an individual nor gives them virtue. Don Quixote argues that “Dulcinea has endowments, which may raise her to be a queen she has in herself higher advantages in shop.” This is Don Quixote’s the majority of lucid articulation of the argument that an individual should be evaluated by their deeds and objectives, and not by their families.
Don Quixote and the duchess are 2 very active readers who like to take literature into their own hands. The duchess has actually read a book concerning a knight (The Innovative Gentleman) and started enacting “magics.” Her results are utterly various from Don Quixote’s circumstances. Battling a world full of invisible enchanters, it never ever occurs to Don Quixote to represent himself wrongly, conceal his real intentions, or compose a method or plan. Quixote is plainly honest, and his idea of honesty is commingled with virtue and honor (as we see at the end of the book). Don Quixote is virtuous however oblivious; Dulcinea is virtuous but fictional. In the future, when Sancho Panza works as governor, his mix of virtue and verifiable compassion will function as the supreme critique of the duke and duchess’ leadership design.
We have currently discovered much about Sancho Panza’s character from his conversation with the duchess in Chapter XXXIII. Sancho Panza is not taken in by Don Quixote’s delusions. Rather, Sancho follows and serves the knight due to the fact that he looks after him. Sancho is justifiably worried about Don Quixote’s welfare. When Sancho Panza informs the duchess that he does not blindly seek the title of “guv,” he advises her that “All is not gold that glitters.” We can anticipate that when the time comes, Sancho Panza will willingly distance himself from the duke, the duchess and all their glittering offers. Sancho Panza initially thinks the duchess’ lie about Dulcinea, however this is a risky gamble on the duchess’ part. When Sancho Panza regains his common sense, he will conclude that the duchess is unethical and manipulative purely of her own volition.