Don Quixote Book II Summary and Analysis of Book II, Chapters 19-21

Book II: Chapter XIX – Chapter XXI Summaries

Chapter XIX

Don Quixote and Sancho Panza leave Don Diego’s home and, on the roadway, they encounter a group of four males: two ecclesiastics and 2 country fellows. Don Quixote introduces himself both as Don Quixote and as “The Knight of the Lions.” The two ecclesiastical scholars quickly see that Quixote is insane. The 4 males are on their way to a wedding event. The lovely Quiteria the Fair will soon marry Camacho the Rich, whose wealthy “solders up an abundance of flaws.” A male called Basilius really likes Quiteria. Although, Basilius is not rich, he is incredibly good-looking. Quiteria’s moms and dads have chosen that she will marry Camacho, nevertheless. Don Quixote and Sancho Panza accompany the 4 males to the town where the wedding event will happen.

Chapter XX

Just as the travelers anticipated, Basilius makes a scene at Quiteria’s wedding. After giving a brief and significant speech, Basilius stabs himself with a dagger. This suicidal act locations Basilius’ soul in threat of eternal damnation. Despite the rash suggestions of the officiating priest, Basilius declines to make a confession. Basilius then relents, and accepts admit if Quiteria will marry him. Then, she can wed Camacho as the “widow of the brave Basilius.”

Chapter XXI

Those going to the wedding desire Quiteria to quickly wed Basilius before he passes away. Quiteria genuinely enjoys Basilius and so she freely agrees. After pledges are exchanged, Basilius reveals that his wound is slight and his injury intentional: it is “a stratagem.”

Camacho decides to eliminate Basilius however Don Quixote intervenes, arguing that “it is not fit to retaliate for the injuries done us by love.” Quixote includes that Basilius’ method was to be expected by Camacho, for in love, as in war, “it is legal and traditional to use cunning and stratagems to defeat the enemy.” Camacho relents and Basilius and Quiteria enjoy with the turn of events.


In these chapters, Don Quixote does not have a real destination, and his course is utterly unforeseeable. In much of Book One, the narrative structure was specified by the introduction of minor characters who were typically tourists visiting an inn (“castle”) where Quixote lodged. These small characters would then provide us a “story within a story,” most notably “The Unique of the Curious Impertinent.” In Book 2, the narrative structure is customized to resolve the review that Don Quixote leveled versus The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote de la Mancha in Chapter III: There were a lot of “variations” in the first part of the story. Here in Book 2, the narrative structure follows the rambling course of Quixote’s adventures. Definitely, Cervantes’ requirement to rebut and “reverse” the imposter book’s scenes is one major reason for this shift.

Sancho Panza and Don Quixote reveal their philosophical distinctions in the conversation of Quiteria’s intended marriage to Camacho. Don Quixote points out the romances of chivalry and complains the absence of real love to bind the union. Alternatively, Sp commends the prudence of Quiteria’s parents. The reader must recall Sancho Panza’s conversation with his partner Teresa in Book 2, Chapter V. Versus Teresa’s persistence, Sancho looks for the governance of an island so that he can marry his child off to a nobleman. Teresa’s argument, that females are unhappy when they wed out of their class, is a practical critique of Sancho’s similarly practical argument. Though they disagree with each other, the Panzas share a pragmatism that is entirely unlike Don Quixote’s lofty concepts of “true love.”

One wonders whether Basilius has read The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote de la Mancha, as his shallow stab-wound trick recalls the ruse that Camilla uses to deceive her husband, Anselmo, in “the Novel of the Curious Impertinent” (Book One, Chapter XXXIV).

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