Don Quixote Book I Summary and Analysis of Book I, Chapters 16-22

Schedule I: Chapter 16-Chapter 22 Summaries

Chapter 16

The innkeeper sees Don Quixote’s injuries and he asks Sancho what has occurred. Sancho says that Quixote has actually fallen and hurt his ribs. The innkeeper’s better half, his beautiful daughter, and his half-blind servant woman, Maritornes, all tend to Quixote’s injuries. They presume the injuries are on account of a pounding, instead of a mere “fall.” Quixote is a marvel for the innkeeper and business: they have never become aware of a knight-errant and they undoubtedly do not consider the inn to be an enchanted castle.

Chapter 17

Quixote envisions that the innkeeper’s child has promised to come to his bed during the knight. Quixote is titillated by the possibility though, naturally, he will not be disloyal to his Dulcinea. The innkeeper’s daughter never enters the room where Quixote sleeps (together with Sancho, and a mule carrier). The mule provider is Maritornes’ lover however when Maritornes goes into the room, trying to find the provider Quixote nabs her, perceiving the servant to be the daughter. Maritornes is bewildered; her enthusiast is angered, specifically when he realizes that Quixote’s solicitude is unwelcome, certainly. The carrier attacks Quixote, crushes his jaw and squashing his ribs. Maritornes is tossed from the bed-pallet, landing on Sancho. These 2 then begin to combat with vitality. The innkeeper has actually heard the turmoil and he goes into the room, bearing a light. He instantly chastises Maritornes and they start exchanging blows.

An officer of the Holy Brotherhood, lodging at the inn, enters the room on account of the violent noises. Quixote is an unconscious sprawl, the other four contenders doing well enough on their own. Believing that Quixote is dead, the officer leaves the room to look for assistance, screaming: “Shut the inn door, see that no one gets out; for they have actually eliminated a male here.” This immediately ends the battle: the innkeeper entrusts to his candle light; the provider and servant retreat to their different sleeping spaces; Sancho retreats to his master’s side.

Chapter 18

Restored, Quixote believes that he has actually suffered the evil of an “enchanted Moor.” Sancho does not translate their calamity as a magic, however. The officer returns, amazed to see that Quixote is alive. Quixote describes that he requires a recovery tonic called “the true balsam of Fierabras.” He prepares the balsam, according to recipe, drinks the service and after that throws up. Quixote then suffers convulsions, sleeps for 3 hours and after that wakes up, feeling perfectly healthy.

When Quixote gives the balsam to Sancho, Sancho suffers so terribly that those present worry that the squire is going to pass away. Several hours later, Sancho has not totally recuperated but Quixote demands leaving. The innkeeper desires Quixote to pay for accommodations, but Quixote is insulted that the lord of a castle (a bewitched one, no less) would ask a knight for settlement. Don Quixote and Sancho leave but the innkeeper sends out a gang of rogues after them, to gather his payment. Quixote escapes however Sancho is caught, connected inside of a blanket, and tossed into the air consistently. The rogues also steal Sancho’s bags though Sancho does not understand this, at first.

Chapter 19

Sancho is mad since he has suffered and yet, Don Quixote neither defended nor avenged him. The 2 tourists continue along their roadway and Sancho sees “two excellent flocks of sheep” in the distance. Quixote, on the other hand, sees 2 opposing armies preparing for fight and he intends to intervene and assist the weaker side. Sancho asks Don Quixote to abandon his strategy and refrain from assaulting the harmless sheep. The knight sees two armies and, in reality, he is able to name the different warriors who are marching into fight, Alifanfaron, “a furious pagan,” chief amongst them. Sancho can not assist however marvel at Quixote’s capability to supply such a comprehensive history of the knights, considering that the knights were sheep. Quixote steps in and manages to slay about 7 sheep with his lance before the shepherds and ranchers assail him with stones. His ribs are bruised and his teeth are knocked out.

The shepherds entrust their flocks and Sancho hurries to Quixote’s side. Quixote says that his opponent has actually changed the soldiers into sheep. Quixote informs Sancho to be courageous due to the fact that they have much more adventures ahead. They continue riding, though Quixote is rather sore.

Chapter 20

Later on in the night, the 2 travelers see a procession of “strolling lights” heading towards them. It is a funeral procession of over twenty people in white robes, and 6 more in black grieving clothes. They are using funeral masks and they hum an unfortunate plaintive tune. Quixote is outraged, thinking them to be devils. Quixote requires that one of them provide an account of their organisation after he has already wounded among the mourners. One of the mourners is named Alonso Lopez and he explains that the group is taking a trip to bury the bones of a man who has passed away of pestilential fever. Quixote enables them to continue without further damage.

In conversation with Sancho, Quixote reveals his concern that he has injured a holy male therefore, he may be excommunicated from the church. This does not prevent the knight and squire from enjoying the food that they stole from the holy travelers, upon collaring the group. It is late in the night, but there is no inn close by. Knight and squire decide to settle in the lawn and sleep outside, however their repose is interrupted by a loud sound, as if it were rushing water. Quixote firmly insists upon examining but Sancho urges him to wait up until morning. Sancho provides to inform Quixote a story, however Quixote keeps disrupting Sancho who follows the storytelling customized of his town by duplicating whatever that he states two times. Sancho does not like the questions that Quixote asks, and he quickly quits.

Chapter 21

In the morning, Quixote stalks his new experience, sneaking closer and closer to the source of the sound only to discover that the sound emanates from a set of fulling-hammers (big mills that beat wool into a refined product). Sancho can not suppress his laughter but he pays a lot when Quixote offers him two whacks with the lance. Quixote commands Sancho to show more respect.

It starts to rain and so Don Quixote and Sancho try to move rapidly, though their destination is unclear. Quixote sees a guy ahead who is using a gold and flashing helmet: the famed helmet of Mambrino. The “helmet” is simply a brass basin the male is a barber on his way to work. The barber is unprepared for Quixote’s advance. He is knocked off his donkey but he quickly scrambles to his feet and flees, leaving his basin behind. Quixote concludes that the helmet must have fallen under the hands of a man who clearly did not know its worth. Sancho declares that the helmet is a barber’s basin and Quixote does confess that the helmet does resemble a basin.

Chapter 22

Quixote just produces more problem when he encounters a chain of galley-slaves, wrongdoers who are chained together and are being resulted in their punishment. Having compassion with the criminals as victims of love, Quixote assaults the armed guard and in the turmoil that takes place, the lawbreakers are able to escape. Sancho is worried that Don Quixote will definitely be captured by the officers of the Holy Brotherhood and detained. Quixote asks that released men present themselves to Dulcinea and pay homage however the bad guys refuse, fearing that they will be captured. They throw stones at Quixote, somewhat hurting him, prior to they leave. The knight is baffled to discover himself so mistreated by the very people he has actually helped.


In these chapters, Don Quixote becomes a more complex character. He is not completely dedicated and faithful. The scene in Chapter 22, when Don Quixote frees the enslaved detainees is strange. Quixote does not merely challenge the law and trigger damage to society, but is doubtful whether the knight is really defending his own values. In assessing the damages that Quixote triggers, “creativity” is held to be the offender.

Sancho Panza desires the captivated treasure but he disbelieves in the enchanted violence. Sancho does not think the inn to be a castle, and he views the wrongdoers to be who they are but Sancho persists in thinking that Quixote will make him a guv. Don Quixote has an “brave heart” and the “breast of Mars.” Mars is the Roman name for the Greek god of war, Ares. Sancho Panza is a naturally afraid male who serves in a submissive function to Quixote; Panza was “born to sleep.” Panza does not have heroic characteristics however Panza does not cause difficulty. Quixote has brave capacity but his energy is too disorderly. Postulating on excellent and evil, the knight unknowingly explains himself when he is in fact describing the devil as “the devil, who sleeps not, and difficulties all things.” Quixote takes a look at the problems that surround him troubles of his own development and he blames them on the devil.

The theme of deception is shown when Quixote errors the inn-keeper’s daughter to be a stunning princess Just as an inn equals a castle, a basin equates to a helmet though it is a dunce cap for Quixote. The actual darkness of the space blinds Quixote to the reality that he accepts Maritornes, and not another lady. But his misconception subdues his senses: he ought to vomit however rather he takes pleasure in Maritornes regardless of her foul smells.

Don Quixote has not appreciated the law however the Holy Brotherhood appears on the scene just as Don Quixote is requirement of support. The lantern is an object-symbol of light, representing law and justice. We see humanity in action when the cry of ‘murder’ is sounded. The characters flee even though there has actually been no murder. Later, on the King’s Highway in Chapter 19, Don Quixote expresses the idea that vengeance is his law. Naturally, this is not the sort of argument that can be warranted if used widely. Quixote is bent on revenge and honor. Quixote disregards the law in the hopes of accomplishing a sort of glory that validates his daring breaches of the law. But in the course of these experiences, Quixote comes to require the law and its protection. “The Knight of the Affecting Figure” is simply an older gentleman with his teeth knocked out. However offer him a lance, and see Quixote offer insanity, opportunity, and mayhem equivalent rein. Attacking a procession of funeral mourners, Quixote risks excommunication from the Church and this would be sure damnation to Hell. Having attacked two flocks of sheep (killing seven members), viewing them to be “pagan warriors” on horseback, Quixote has actually already dedicated a symbolic crime of the greatest order. The truth of Quixote’s delusion can not compensate his rather unflinching assault on persons and beings that represent peace, innocence, and the civil life. Quixote ultimately evades all kinds of legal prosecution and penalty, but the knight will lose a few more teeth and a good deal more before the novel has ended.

It is hard to empathize with Don Quixote when he dedicates outright wrongs and after that remains unapologetic. A pattern emerges in the plot: Don Quixote eliminates the sheep since he is following his delusion. Sancho Panza sees reality however Don Quixote discount rates Sancho Panza’s wise guidance. Sancho Panza impeaches himself by willingly following Don Quixote into sure catastrophe, just to subsequently continue the argument.

Cervantes is being ironical when he describes the discussions in between knight and squire as “sage discourse.” Quixote misdirects his own intellect while Sancho betrays his own good sense. While traveling, Sancho Panza uses astronomy as his guide, whereas Don Quixote utilizes his stories as maps. In one conversation, the knight says to Sancho: “I understand not what kingdom, for I think it is not in the map.” Sancho knows that the path of the knight is lined with “endless challenges,” for the extremely exact same reason that he, Sancho, trusts astronomy and the fixed stars as his guide. Once Don Quixote has actually comprised his own mind to plow ahead, Sancho can do little however follow the knight into disaster.

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