Don Quixote Book I Lesson Plan

Thought about to be one of the very first books in Western literature, Don Quixote is a much-lauded and pathbreaking work by Spanish writer Miguel de Cervantes. The story embodies a number of themes that have driven subsequent literary efforts, consisting of the travelogue (where characters leave house and travel to discover experience and brand-new significance in their lives); romance (where a character carries out brave deeds as acts of love and commitment); personal reinvention (where a person declines the patterns of action and habits that they have assumed in their everyday life and attempt to reimagine themselves as a totally new person); and the comedic results of misperception (where a character or characters misread social cues and scenarios to funny result).

The book has been appreciated and understood as a classic nearly considering that its initial publication. Elements of the unique, such as Quixote’s battle against windmills he mistakes for giants, have become part of the daily lexicon, signifying the futility of fighting for lost causes. His love for the never-seen Dulcinea has functioned as a stand-in for unrequited love for hundreds of years. In addition, the dedication of his partner, Sancho Panza, has actually pertained to represent undeviating personal commitment, even in the face of relentless problems.

Don Quixote incorporates the enthusiasm and boundless optimism of a person who wishes to live a complete life in every regard. Even at his most obtuse, Quixote shows a desire to make the world fit his worldview in which virtue and decency are defended without regard to compensation, and where it is possible for someone to devote themselves to making a favorable difference in daily life, regardless of how mistaken they are.

Secret Elements of Don Quixote Book I


The tone of the book is figured out by its third person storyteller, who understands that Quixote is mistaken in how he sees the world, but who is identified to state his adventures properly and completely. The narrator offers the main character what he says he wants, which is someone who will keep in mind of his deeds and laud them for perpetuity.


The novel is embeded in Spain in the latter part of the 16th century, simultaneous with Cervantes’s life.


The novel is written from a third-person omniscient viewpoint, by a storyteller who sometimes inserts himself into the story, but is mostly an observer of the action. When he does place himself, the narrator discusses that the story is incomplete which fragments of it have actually been lost; otherwise, he does not place himself beyond being the storyteller.

Character development

Since the storyteller invests the most time with them, Don Quixote and Sancho Panza are the 2 best developed characters in the novel. Quixote’s lonesome life and immersion in books about knights are totally discussed so that the reader understands how he loses touch with truth. Panza’s inspiration in the beginning appears to be his desire to believe his master’s pledge of wealth and riches at the conclusion of their mission. Nevertheless, he stays devoted after it emerges to him that Quixote will not have the ability to provide on the pledge, exposes an exceptional loyalty. The other characters– a priest, some loved ones, different innkeepers– are not completely drawn, and a lot of eventually tire of Quixote and send him on his way.


The principal themes of the novel are:

The journey/quest as a kind of self-discovery and reinvention: Don Quixote is leaving the life he has actually understood and attempting to produce a different variation of himself. Instead of the lonesome, senior guy with couple of enthusiasms besides books on chivalry, however one who is a real knight devoted to doing kind deeds in the name of a female he barely understands. Likewise, Sancho finds new elements of himself on this mission, even if it starts as a simply practical undertaking for him.

Chivalry: Although Cervantes appears to mock Don Quixote’s fascination with chivalry, he also offers the character considerable room to talk about the topic in excellent detail and with referral to actual books that were popular at the time. Quijana admires the chivalry of the knights he reads about. When he goes mad and ends up being Quixote, chivalry becomes his driving force, although his behavior is over-the-top and becomes a parody of the chivalry that defines his idols. (It is necessary to keep in mind that chivalry at the time was a code of principles that spanned all aspects of life; its significance has narrowed in the modern age to refer just to “gentlemanly” habits around ladies.)

Love: Besides Quixote’s interest in Dulcinea, there are a variety of other characters who go through their own romantic misadventures and confusion. These stories use up a considerable part of the novel and some don’t involve Quixote in any way. Romantic love prevails for Sancho Panza and his other half, who exchange letters throughout the book. Quixote never stops believing in romance and performing brave deeds in honor of Dulcinea; the fact that we never fulfill her, and she might not even be genuine, allows her to personify this suitable and informs us that Quixote may be misguided in the significance he puts on romantic love.

Loneliness and isolation: While we are informed that Quixote’s descent into madness was brought on by him reading a lot of books about chivalry and not sleeping enough, it is likewise obvious from the author’s description that Quixote is left by himself for extended periods of time and has few close relationships and familial relationships. He does not appear to have actually ever married or fathered children, and the relatives who live with him do not appear to be especially near him. Sancho, on the other hand, has a better half and family, and although he gets swept up in Quixote’s experiences, Sancho does not lose himself in them as Quixote does.


The quest signifies the desire to leave behind the ordinary and embrace the different and unsure. As much as the point where he embarks on the quest, Quijana’s life has been among seclusion and does not have anything approaching enjoyment. He is a gentleman farmer without a large operation, and he eventually falls into the routine of reading books about knighthood throughout the day and well into the night. The unique talks to a yearning for a more worthy and fulfilling life, one that Don Quixote adopts when he decides that he is undoubtedly a knight and should go on a mission.

The horse, Rocinante, symbolizes Quixote himself without the fantasy of knighthood– worn out, without much energy, and wandering in a non-linear direction.

The “helmet” that Don Quixote demands wearing is a barber’s bowl. If he remained in his ideal mind, he would understand what it was; his persistence that it is a helmet, and a valuable one at that, despite Sancho’s duplicated efforts to remedy him, indicates how far into his insanity he has actually descended.

Likewise, the windmills, which Quixote errors for giants, would have recognized to Quixote if he had actually not gone mad.


The priest and Sancho Panza bring Don Quixote hoe in an effort to return him to familiar settings, with the hope that he might return to sanity. The priest, Quixote’s niece, and Sancho all hope that Quixote will not take part in another mission, however the author specifies that he definitely will. (This forms the basis of the Second Part of the book, written several years later on).


The First Part has fifty-two chapters, each introduced with a sentence or expression that summarizes what is covered in the chapter and how it relates to the remainder of the book. For instance, Chapter XXXII’s initial expression is “Which states what occurred in the inn to the buddies of Don Quixote.” The reader would know that the inn was where the action of the story was happening, and is told that the primary characters will be Don Quixote’s companions.

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