Don Quixote: Blitz Poll

Don Quixote: Blitz Poll

Main style of volume 1
impression vs reality
main theme of volume 2
Appearance vs. reality
Publication of volume 1
1605
Publication of volume 2
1615
Author of the false sequel
Avellaneda
Publication of the false follow up
1614
Principles of volume 1

1. Spain was the richest and most powerful country

2. Corresponds with the optimistic tone of the Renaissance period and with the military and financial power that spain taken pleasure in prior to the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588

Principles of volume 2
1. Spain is no longer most effective country on the planet
2. corresponds with the more downhearted tone of the Baroque period and with Spain’s waining influence after 1588
Cervantes associates the composition of Don Quijote to
a fictional Moorish Author
Cervantes wrote Don Quijote as.
as a satire to mock the chivalric book. He does so by composing his own book in the type of a parody (a replica) of the chivalric book which follows some, but not all, of the guidelines.
Time of the Golden Age in Spanish Literature
1492-1681
Incorrect name if the Moor who is said to have written Don Quijote
Cide Hamete Benengeli
Cide Hamete Benengeli talk about the last page:
with the return to peace of mind, renunciation of knight errantry, and death of the character Don Quijote, he has actually lastly achieved his objective as an author.
Don Quixote
The deluded Spanish gentleman of La Mancha, Alonso Quijano (or Quesada, or Quijada), who believes himself and acts as a knight errant as described in numerous medieval books of chivalry, riding his horse Rocinante.
Sancho Panza
Don Quijote’s squire who may not be able to read, but knows a hundred sayings
Trips a donkey named Rucio (“Dapple”)
Rocinante
Don Quixote’s horse (Rocin=horse, Ante=in the past, implying that the horse is past its prime)
Ambrosio
A shepherd
Buddy of the departed Grisóstomo
Ana Félix
Fervent Christian house maid
Daughter of Ricote
Saved from Barbary
Antonia
Alonso’s niece, a lady under twenty
She urges both the curate and the barber to burn all of Alonso’s books
Antonio
A goatherd, who plays a tune for Don Quixote on the rebec (in Book I, Chapter 11)
Avellaneda
Author of the false Second Part of Don Quixote who is often described in Cervantes’ second part.
Cide Hamete Benengeli
Imaginary Moorish author produced by Cervantes and listed as the chronicler of the experiences of Don Quixote.
Cide is a title which indicates My Lord, Hamete is the Spanish variation of the Arabic name Hamed, which suggests he who praises, and Benengeli is a comical invention of Cervantes that suggests augbergine-eater through the Spanish berenjena or aubergine. It is likewise a racial slur versus Moors, considering that they, like the eggplant, have dark skin.
Widely considered to be the favorite food of individuals of Toledo at the time of the novel.
Dulcinea of El Toboso
The woman Don Quixote fancies his lady love
Real name is Aldonza Lorenzo
Dorothea
A grieving, gorgeous woman, was married to Don Fernando before he left for Luscinda
Pretended to be Princess Micomicona to get Don Quixote to leave the mountains
Ginés de Passamonte a.k.a. Ginesillo de Parapilla
Feared criminal and galley slave released by Don Quixote. He reappears in Chapters 26-27 of Volume II, under the guise of Master Pedro the puppeteer and owner of the prophesying monkey.
Grisóstomo
A shepherd who passes away of a damaged heart after his declaration of love is rejected by Marcela
Maritornes
An awful, but kind-hearted servant at an inn in which Don Quixote and Sancho invest the night.
She is unintentionally involved in a brawl in the middle of the night when Don Quixote mistakes her for the innkeeper’s child, whom he believes is in love with him.
Marcela
A rich orphan lady who gowns as a shepherdess
Lives in the woods to communicate nature
Whose beauty attracts dozens of spurned suitors
Nicholas
The barber, Don Quixote’s friend
Montesinos
Errant knight
Pedro Perez
The curate, who, together with Antonia, orders almost all of Don Quixote’s books scorched in hopes of curing him of his deceptions (I:6)
Ricote
A Morisco pal of Sancho, banned from Spain, but returned as a German pilgrim
Roque Guinart
A fictional variation of the Catalan bandit Perot Rocaguinarda
Bachelor Samsón Carrasco
Graduate of the University of Salamanca, who in Chapter 3 of Volume II informs Don Quijote of his widespread fame based upon the publication, translation, and popularity of Volume I. Samsón conspires with the priest and barber to treat Don Quijote of his misconceptions. In Chapter 14 of Volume II, he disguises himself as a knight (alternatively referred to as the Knight of the Grove and the Knight of Mirrors) who declares to be the greatest knight in the world, having currently defeated Don Quijote. Don Quijote challenges him to a joust, as Carrasco anticipated, however Quijote also beats him by a stroke of good luck. In Chapter 64 of Volume II, Carrasco– this time under the guise of the Knight of the White Moon (signifying and foreshadowing Quijote’s defeat and death)– challenges and defeats Don Quijote. He then demands the Quijote return house and not take up knight errantry for an entire year.
Don Sancho de Azpeitia
Basque squire who cuts part of Don Quixote’s ear off in a swordfight (I:9)
Vivaldo
A shepherd who saves Grisóstomo’s poems of unrequited love from the fire
The Duke and The Duchess
A couple of Aragonese aristocrats who invite Don Quixote and Sancho to their castle, where they “entertain” themselves by playing all sorts of humiliating tricks on them
Don Quixote’s housemaid
Assists the priest and barber in carrying out the book-burning.
Innkeeper
Puts Don Quixote up for the night
Consents to call him a “knight,” partly in jest and partially to get Don Quixote out of his inn faster (I:3)
4 examples of literary criticism:

1. The remarks made by the priest and the barber throughout the book burning in Vol. I, Ch. 6

2. The discussion of the problems of Golden era drama by the priest and the cathedral priest in Vol. I, Ch. 48

3. The discussion of poetry between Don Quijote, the Male in Green and the Man in Green’s boy in Vol. II, Ch. 14-16

4. The devils who play tennis with burning books and talk about the books that they are burning– in specific “The False Quijote”– as Don Quijote is returning home from Barcelona near the end of Vol. II

Examples of numerous levels of fiction

1. The excerpts of chivalric tales recited by Don Quijote, the ballads that are recited or sung, and the interpolated tales (tales informed to Don Quijote by the people that he fulfills) serve to make the events and characters of the main plot seem more real.

2. Recommendations to different people who are not part of the plot serve to remind the reader of the imaginary status of the characters in the main plot. (Such individuals include the fictional author Cide Hamete Benengeli, the author of “The False Quijote” Avellaneda, the reference to Cervantes by his maternal household name Saavedra as a prisoner in the Slave’s Tale Vol. I, Ch, 38-41, the reference to the asylum in Vol. II, Ch. 1)

Cervantes Literary Competition
Loca de Vega
The function of Volume II
to reclaim honor and get back at the incorrect author
Parody
literary work that mimics design of another usually in satirical or humoral methods
Satire
usage of ridicule, paradox, to expose, attack

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