On close examination of the characters of Charley and Bernard, their significance and contributions to the play as an entire ended up being obvious. Each character influences and changes the play in an unique way highlighting particular factors about the play, that would otherwise go undetected. After establishing the family and their house life, Miller then introduces to us Bernard in act one page 24 “Bernard enters in knickers. He is more youthful than Biff, earnest and devoted, a concerned kid”. Bernard is Charley’s child, an academic child who strives at school and attempts to affect biff into doing the exact same “Biff, where are you?
You’re expected to study with me today” (pg25),” you won’t graduate” (pg25).
Willy’s immediate response is to mock Bernard showing that maybe Willy does not place much focus on the value of education “what’re you looking so anaemic about?” (pg25), “do not be a bug Bernard” (pg25). Rather of putting emphasis on education Willy places more focus on being well liked as he makes various referrals throughout the play “Bernard is not well liked, is he”(pg25), “that’s due to the fact that he likes you” (pg23), “Charley is not-liked, he’s liked, however he’s not-well liked” (pg23).
It is also evident that Bernard idolises Biff when they are both young, as on page 69 when Biff is getting ready for his huge video game, Bernard consistently asks Biff if he can carry his equipment, illustrating that Bernard wants to be associated with Biff and his huge video game “Biff I’m carrying your helmet, ain’t I?” (pg68), “oh Biff you promised me” (pg68). These are the only times we see Bernard as a child communicating with the Loman family.
Nevertheless, this is not all we see of Bernard in the play, as on page 70 Miller reintroduces us to him while he is sat whistling in his dad’s workplace “Bernard now mature sits whistling to himself. Pair of tennis rackets and an over night bag are on the flooring next to him.” The reality that Miller reestablishes us to Bernard as he is whistling is rather significant as it contradicts what Delighted states on page 47 “you do not raise a man to an accountable job who whistles”. This is clearly not real as Bernard is now effective and deems nothing wrong with whistling in the business world.
Along with introducing Bernard to us while whistling, Miller draws attention to the two tennis rackets Bernard has with him “a pair of tennis rackets and an over night bag are on the flooring beside him” (pg70) this is necessary as Bernard now carries his own sports devices as opposed Biffs. On page 71 Willy is heard getting off the elevator and heading towards Charley’s office. Bernard and Willy’s new relationship exists to us in a discussion in Charley’s office.
Bernard, now an accomplished legal representative is going to battle a crucial case in Washington, and is staying with good friends who own their own tennis court “I’m going to Washington in a minute”, “I’m sticking with a buddy who has a court” (pg72). Willy wrongly welcomes Bernard’s success and responds,” His own tennis court, need to be fine people, I wager” (pg72). Bernard feels uncomfortable in the presence of Willy’s appreciation and so changes the subject “very great, father tells me Biffs in the area” (pg72).
Willy understands Biff is not doing anything commendable therefore once again alters the subject “well he’s been doing huge things in the west”, “did I hear your wife had a young boy” (pg72). It is through Millers portrayal of Bernard, in his speech, the method he performs himself and his modesty that we see he resembles what Biff might have been. A success. This also shows Willy’s fathering skills to be incorrect as on page 25 in referral to Bernard; Willy says to his boys, “When he gets out into the business world, y’ comprehend, you are going to be 5 times ahead of him.
” This is certainly incorrect as neither Biff or Delighted are as effective as Bernard. Bernard’s dad Charley has an altogether different function in the play. Charley is not presented to us up until page 32 “he is a big guy slow of speech, laconic and immoveable”. From when we initially meet Charley on page 32, we see little to no modification in his attitudes, views or morals with any of the problems raised by Miller in the play. Charley is a really generous male who is proud of his kid and what he has actually achieved.
Charley is a pal to Willy and lends him money so that he can manage to support his household “just how much do you require Willy”(pg76). Charley also tries to assist Willy by offering him a task “I am offering you a job”(pg76), nevertheless Willy appears to be bitterly unappreciative as he states in action “I do not desire your god dam task”. This reply is in keeping with Charley and Willy’s complex relationship as there is other proof to support the reality that their relationship is strange “Willy, I know you don’t like me, and nobody can state I love you”(pg77), however after this Willy states to Charley “you’re the only friend I got”.
As well as being a buddy to Willy, Charley is likewise a daddy, and can therefore be utilized as a comparison to Willy’s fathering abilities. On hearing of Bernard’s success on page 72, Willy then asks Charley “you never ever informed him what to do, did you? “, “you never ever took any interest in him” (pg75). To which Charley replies “my redemption is that I never ever took any interest in anything”. This is the point where Willy’s failure and Charley’s success as a daddy becomes apparent. This is among the reasons for Charley’s existence in the play.
However, the other factor for Charley’s presence in the play is far more questionable. It begins page 76 where Charley accepts pay Willy’s insurance coverage for him “Here, pay your insurance coverage”, Charley again screams to Willy as he is leaving “and pay your insurance”,” did you hear what I stated”. It doesn’t end up being clear till completion of the play when Willly dies that Charley, paying off Willy’s insurance coverage is indeed symbolic to his death and in truth the primary contribution Charley offers Death of a salesperson.