Cry the Beloved Country: Major Functions Data Sheet
Significant Functions Data Sheet
Title: Cry, the Cherished CountryAuthor: Alan PatonDate of Publication: 1948Genre: Social Criticism|Pertinent Biographical Info About the Author: * White * Born in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa in 1903 * Daddy was Scottish and mom was South African of English heritage * Worked at a reformatory with black youths|Historic information about the period of publication: * South Africa already colonized by Europeans * Widespread bigotry * Intro of apartheid in 1948|||Attributes of the Genre * Program author’s disenchantment with a specific aspect of society * Deals with racism, sexism, homophobia, and so on. Typically a call for action, to get readers to support a cause or issue|Plot Summary Stephen Kumalo, a priest in the small South African town of Ndotsheni gets a letter mentioning that he should take a trip to Johannesbur, New York City of South Africa. Upon arriving to Johannesburg, Kumalo is overwhelmed but is helped by a fellow priest named Msimangu. Kumalo finds his sis Gertrude living the life of a prostitute and tries to sway her from her methods.
While numerous events occur that teach the listener and Kumalo about the racial cleavages pestering the country, Kumalo discovers that his kid who he concerned Johannesburg to find has mistakenly murdered a prominent black South African rights advocate, Arthur Jarvis. Kumalo befriends his child’s pregnant girlfriend and takes her under his wing as a sort of adopted child. Absalom is eventually ruled guilty of murder by the South African courts and is sentenced to hang.
Sorrow stricken, Kumalo go back to his town to discover it in a state of disrepair. While in Johannesburg we were presented to Arthur Jarvis’ dad, James Jarvis who enters into an uneasy relationship/friendship with Kumalo at this moment. Arthur Jarvis’ boy, who is discovering Zulu and is eager to learn about the Black South African culture, introduces many valuable reforms to the town and institutes a large number of programs which allow Ndotsheni to start to rise once again.
This reveals the ability and appeal of society when both races collaborate.|Describe the Author’s Style * Poetic * Detailed * In some cases a little bitter * Utilizes South African colloquialisms and vocabulary|An example from text that denotes author’s design * And now for all individuals of Africa, the cherished nation. Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika, God conserve Africa. But he would not see that redemption. It lay afar off, due to the fact that males were afraid of it.
Since, to tell the reality, they were afraid of him, and his partner, and Msimangu, and the young demonstrator. And what was there evil in their desires, in their hunger? That guy should walk upright in the land where they were born, and be free to utilize the fruits of the earth, what existed evil in it? … They hesitated because they were so few. And such worry could not be erupted, but by love.|Remarkable Quotes|Quotation * “The white male has broken the tribe. And it is my belief– and once again I ask your pardon– that it can not be fixed again.– Msimangu * “I see only one hope for our nation, which is when white guys and black guys … wanting just the good of their nation, come together to work for it”– Msimangu * “Cry for the damaged people, for the law and the custom that is gone. Aye, and cry aloud for the man who is dead, for the woman and kids bereaved. Cry, the cherished nation, these things are not yet at an end. “– Arthur Jarvis|Significance * Speak about how the white’s policies have damaged the old tribal life. States that the only hope for South Africa is mutual understanding and a common work for the common good. * Also speaks about how the non-understanding, empowered whites have ruined the traditional lifestyle and its result on the black population and the country as a whole.|Characters|Name|Role in the Story|Significance|Adjectives|Stephen KumaloJames JarvisAbsalom KumaloArthur JarvisTheophilus MsimanguJohn KumaloArthur’s sonNapoleon Letsitsi|Main character throughout most of the book.
The other protagonistStephen’s sonJames’s sonStephen’s pal in JohannesburgStephen’s brotherArthur’s sonAgricultural helper in Ndotsheni|Priest of Ndotsheni, Absalom’s fatherLandowner, Arthur’s fatherKills Arthur, is hanged for itWorks to help blacks, excellent reformer, killed by AbsalomHelps Stephen discover Absalom, retires to monasteryOrator for civil rightsSpeaks Zulu with Stephen, gets milk to NdotsheniSent by James to conserve Ndnotsheni’s drought-ruined fields|Peaceful, modest, imperfect, blackUnderstanding, flexible, open to alter, whiteCowardly, does not have moral compass, confusedIntelligent, “bright,” caring, independentKind, bitter, generous, sees things clearlyGreat “Bull voice,” selfish”Intense” like his daddy, caring, precociousSmart, imaginative, determined|Setting(s)The small country town of Ndotsheni and the city of Johannesburg, South Africa, in the 1940s, pre-Apartheid, World War II.|Significance of Opening SceneDescribes the landscape and appeal of South Africa, revealing both Paton’s and Kumalo’s accessory to the African land|| Significance of Closing SceneThe sunrise over Ndotsheni, representing the eventual look of hope and modification in South Africa. Many of the main characters in the book have actually died; Margaret, Arthur, Absalom … Stephen and James are aging. Represents that this present understanding in between a few individuals is not to last, a more fiery school of thought is on the increase.|Symbols & & Other Gadget * The church in Ndotsheni * Light * Nature * Sunrises|| Possible Themes/Topics for Conversation (Concepts, Paradoxes, etc.) * Father/son relationships: both Stephen and James are looking for their boys (Stephen actually, James figuratively) and trying to understand who they are * Justice vs. oppression * Who identifies when mercy will be provided and to whom? Judges? The individual? The people? God? * Appearance of God in life and nature * Black vs. hite: should they collaborate or end up being separate? * Repentance: Is repenting enough to conserve you? Does repenting make you a good individual in the end? * Equality and its ability to enhance society * Acceptance of one’s function in society, is it helpful? * Is standing by the status quo, not embracing a progressive stance, useful?|Author’s PurposeProvide social commentary upon the problems faced by black South Africans at the hands of white South Africans, and to humanize Africa’s call for help. Prompt the reader to have compassion unilaterally with the cause of equality and note its clear benefits on the social fabric of a nation or other group of varied peoples.|