Cry, the Beloved Nation
Cry, the Tribal Breakdown! The historical fiction, Cry, the Beloved Country, is a social demonstration, in the type of a microcosm, against the structures of the society in South Africa that later on generate apartheid. Alan Paton’s characters Msimangu and John Kumalo have conflicting viewpoints about what the primary problem is pestering the native population of South Africa. But which guy has the best idea? Msimangu thinks that the predicament is that the white aristocrats have “broken the people” and “it has actually not fit them to build something in the location of what is broken”.
To put it simply he is stating that absolutely nothing has actually been constructed to change the damaged moral and social framework that the tribal units supplied. On the other hand, John Kumalo believes the primary trouble is the economic inequality between the whites and blacks. John seems to believe that black individuals merely need more money and power to be complimentary and a revolution is the needed action to take, even if he will not confess honestly because of fear of being jailed. Arthur Jarvis, a male who is murdered in this book, reaches exactly the exact same conclusion as Msimangu.
Arthur composes in among his manuscripts, “The old tribal system was … an ethical system. Our locals today produce lawbreakers and prostitutes and drunkards not because it is their nature to do so, but because their easy system of order and tradition and convention has been destroyed. It was destroyed by the effect of our own civilization. Our civilization has therefore an inevitable responsibility to set up another system of order and custom and convention” (Chapter 20). The disaster that afflicted the country was the exploitation of blacks by whites and the consequent loss of an entire way of living.
The result of this social decadence is seen in the lives of Absalom and Gertrude Kumalo. Both individuals, thus numerous others, were rapidly swept up by the immorality of Johannesburg and both paid the cost for it. Because the whites had actually taken the most profitable of the already deteriorated farmland reserves from the Zulu’s and other such people, blacks were required to move from their tribal homelands to try to find operate in city areas. Their land might no longer offer them. This is how the large onopolizing white services got their laborers. Cities like Johannesburg were filled with white organisations, such as the mining company, which greatly depended upon black workers to whom they paid little bit. Hence the Blacks experienced social instability, moral decay due to the breakdown of the tribal system, hardship from working for subsistence wages, and perpetually poor living conditions. It is not surprising that criminal activity rates amongst blacks were on the rise in this book. These are the important things that John Kumalo saw.
He considered this turmoil to be the whites fault. It is almost difficult to address the question of which guy’s reasoning is more correct. The financial inequality between the whites and the blacks was to a large degree responsible for the breakdown of the tribal lifestyle. In this regard, John is right. However Msimangu has a more powerful understanding of the intricacies of the issues grasping the whole of South Africa. He sees things from a Christian viewpoint and has a much better concept of what might have fixed these problems.
John seems to believe that black individuals ought to just revolt against their companies to get money, power, and freedom. Msimangu, nevertheless, imagines flexibility in regards to the right to reside in an ethical and just society, not as power and possessions. He would like to see South Africa developed on brotherly love rather than civil liberties gotten by rioting. Without a moral foundation and new traditions to give the people order, he thinks, economic equality deserves little. Hence John’s vision of an abundant life is basically shallow.