conflict in romeo and Juliet
!.?.!? What are the primary conflicts in Romeo and Juliet? Who are they between and how have they come about? How does Shakespeare’s usage of stagecraft and language communicate the conflict in between the characters? What is meant by dispute? The dictionary specifies “dispute” as “a struggle to resist or conquer; contest of opposing forces or powers; strife; fight, antagonism”. No matter how difficult one attempts to avoid it, conflict enters our lives. All drama includes conflict, without conflict there is no drama!
Various forms of conflict exist, typically either, male versus himself, man verses guy or male verses nature. Every story needs to have dispute on a minimum of among these levels, as conflict brings the plot to life keeping the audience hooked. Characters require to go through conflict, prior to there can be a delighted ending or the happy ending won’t mean anything. The central conflict in Romeo and Juliet is the fight between the Montagues and the Capulets. Members of each family hate, insult and fight each other, even the household personnel become caught up in this competition.
Shakesphere’s Romeo and Juliet is basically referred to as love story, although, it is entwined with different types of dispute, and this is what I will be examining throughout this essay. The Beginning is a fourteen line sonnet and would have been read to the audience providing an intro to the play. The Beginning does appear to have a much deeper, more crucial function, as it does not simply set the scene of Romeo and Juliet; it tells the audience exactly what is going to occur. The Prologue describes a set of ‘star-cross ‘d enthusiasts,’ which implies, literally, versus the stars.
In Elizabethan times, stars were thought to manage individuals’s fates. The Beginning itself produces this sense of fate offering the audience with the knowledge that Romeo and Juliet will die even before the play has actually started, and also that their terrible deaths end their moms and dads’ feud. “Doth with their death bury their moms and dads’ strife”. Shakespeare utilizes this strategy called ‘significant paradox’ throughout the play, it enables the audience to watch the play with expectation and sense the tension. The Prologue likewise reveals themes and images to bring the themes to life, such as, love, conflict, time, fate, life, death and power.
It begins with the word ‘2’, and simply in those 14 lines there are seven examples of the word ‘two’, emphasizing 2 sides of dispute. Shakespeare’s use of oxymorons or inconsistent word sets throughout the play also emphasizes dispute of two sides, Montagues versus Capulets, enjoy versus dislike. The first oxymoron is discovered in the Prologue, “From forth the ‘deadly loins’ of these two foes, a pair of star-cross ‘d enthusiasts take their life” where ‘fatal’ means death and ‘loins’ depicts birth, recommending that the kids of these mortal enemies were destined to pass away.
Romeo’s opening speech contains 9 oxymorons, which once again highlights opposing forces, he talks about his love for Rosaline, how love and hate have actually become mixed together, conjuring up images of mayhem and confusion. He explains his mindset through this series of oxymorons, “Feather of lead, brilliant smoke, cold fire, sick health” (1:1:171). It seems a declaration that he is all set to be in love instead of actual love. The Prince’s closing speech also includes an oxymoron ‘glooming peace’ (5:3:309).
It is a sad sort of peace, sad due to the fact that Romeo and Juliet have taken their own lives, however serene, as it is completion of the feud. These oxymorons serve to enhance the significant style of dispute. As the audience is led through the opening scene, it is exposed to the depths and severity of the feud in between the Capulets and Montagues. Shakespeare starts using the technique, ‘word-play’ with small talk between Sampson and Gregory. They mention unrefined, sexual innuendos about dominating Montague men and women. The sexual punning continues throughout the play, contrasting to the lyrical images used later on by Romeo and Juliet to reveal their love.
The servants’ recommendations to “tool” and “naked weapon,” together with duplicated images of striking and thrusting, highlight how pictures of love and sex are linked with violence and death. The unexpected switch from comical small talk between servants to unexpected possible death demonstrates the fast altering pace that drives the action within the play. Nearly immediately, swords are attracted order to bring the audience into the plot and capture attention. It ends up being apparent from the start that the feud includes the servants along with their masters. Gregory tells Sampson, “Draw thy tool.
Here comes 2 of the house of Montagues” (1:1: 31-28). Using swordplay and its significant impact reminds the audience of the style of conflict. The fight begins with Samson insulting the Montagues, “I will bite my thumb at them” (1:1:35). This act represents the foolishness of the whole Capulet/Montague fight. As each character is presented, the differences in personality become apparent, Benvolio, implies ‘great will’, and is represented as a peace maker, “I do however keep the peace” (1:1:59). Tybalt, as hot tempered and aggressive: “What, drawn and talk of peace?
I hate the word. As I hate hell, all Montagues, and thee” (1:1:61). These are strong words, revealing the strength of the hatred and the seriousness of the fight. Even the older men wish to get associated with the brawl. Lord Capulet tries to participate in the sword play, “Give me my long sword, ho!” (1:1:66) Lady Capulet buffoons her partner’s eagerness, “A crutch, a crutch, why call you for a sword?” (1:1:67) creating a specific tension between the Capulets. The Prince is furious, ‘”hear the sentence of your moved Prince” (1:1:79), his sentence is death.
He specifies that there have been three absurd brawls, “three civil brawls, bred of an airy word” (1:1:80). The people of Verona are tired of the fighting, even recommending going out their own weapons to stop the combating. The Audience at this moment are left in severe suspense on what is going to happen next. Act 3, Scene 1, begins with two contrasting characters, Benvolio, the peace maker, and Mercutio, whose name reflects his mercurial nature, quick tempered. It is clear that he is in the state of mind for a battle and Benvolio is actively trying to avoid one. If we fulfill, we shall not get away a brawl” (3:1:3). Both Tybalt and Mercutio are depicted as effective characters and when Tybalt requests for a word, Mercutio responds, “make it a word and a blow,” (3:1:35), currently provoking Tybalt. Tybalt attempts to provoke Romeo, “thou art a villain” (3:1:54). Romeo does not want to battle and Shakespeare utilizes remarkable irony here, the audience knows, he has actually simply married Tybalt’s cousin, Juliet, developing a sense of tension. The Elizabethan society believed that a male excessive in love lost his manliness.
Romeo clearly states this, ‘thy charm hath made me effeminate’ (3:1:105). As soon as once again, this statement can be seen as a dispute of feelings, between the world of love and the public world of honor, task, and relationship. The sudden, fatal violence in this scene, in addition to the accumulation to the combating, remind the audience that for all its focus on love, beauty, and love, Romeo and Juliet takes place in Elizabethan times, which is primarily a manly world. Ideas of honor, pride, and status are predestined to emerge in a fury of dispute.
The viciousness and threat is a significant tool that Shakespeare uses to make the fans’ love seem much more precious and vulnerable. The fights in between Mercutio and Tybalt and after that between Romeo and Tybalt are disorderly; Tybalt kills Mercutio under Romeo’s arm. The audience feels sadness when Mercutio dies, it seems that Tybalt was rather underhand. I personally do not blame any character for his death, they all played their part. Shakespeare utilizes a play on words after Mercutio is stabbed, “you shall discover me a severe male. (3:1:90) Mercutio understands he is passing away, but continues to pun jokingly, he curses the Montagues and Capulets, speaking three times about an afflict on both homes. This in Elizabethan times would have indicated the ‘black death’ which would have most certainly been used to shock the audience. Romeo wants revenge declaring “Mercutio’s soul is however a little way above our heads.” (3:1:18) meaning that a person of them is going to pass away. Shakespeare utilizes the language of ‘vengeance catastrophe’, whereby the primary character is the ‘revenger’.
Mercutio appears to see individuals as the cause of his death, not fate. Whereas, Romeo blames fate, for him being eradicated after eliminating Tybalt. Romeo’s cry, “O, I am fortune’s fool!” (3:1:127), refers to the truth that it is written in the stars, he believes that what is taking place is beyond his control, reminding the audience once again of the sense of fate that hangs over the play. Woman Capulet continues the theme of violence demanding that Romeo be put to death in punishment. Act 3, Scene 5, likewise communicates dispute, however various from the previous scenes.
The dispute here is psychological dispute, in between ‘light and dark’, ‘day and night’. It is contrary to typical, as light would usually be favorable, here it brings grief. “More light and light; more dark and dark our concerns!” (3:5:36). Juliet declares the lark is a nightingale, desiring it to still be night. Romeo playfully argues with her specifying that it remained in fact the lark. She eventually realizes that Romeo should leave and as Romeo quotes farewell to Juliet, the lovers experience visions that blatantly foreshadow completion of the play.
This is to be the last minute they spend alive in each other’s business. When Juliet next sees Romeo he will be dead, and as she watches out of her window she appears to see him dead already: “O God, I have an ill-divining soul! Methinks I see thee, now thou art so low, as one dead in the bottom of a burial place. Again, recommending their fate. In the conflict with her parents after Romeo’s departure, Juliet shows her maturity. She dominates the discussion with her mother, who has no idea that Juliet is announcing her love for Romeo whilst stating the reverse.
Shakespeare here utilizes a strategy called ‘quibble’, “Indeed, I will never ever be pleased with Romeo, till I see him-dead-is my poor heart.” (3:5:94). Girl Capulet thinks that she is upset due to the fact that of the death of Tybalt. “Yet let me weep for such a feeling loss,” (3:5:74). Once again, another example of significant irony, the audience understands she is talking about Romeo and not Tybalt, contributing to the remarkable impact. In this scene Juliet utilizes ten double meanings, providing an understanding of language. When she initially sees her mom, Juliet states, “Madam, I am not well” (3:5:68).
Again, Lady Capulet presumes she is upset about Tybalt, but Juliet is talking about Romeo. Conflict of interest and in between moms and dad and kid is likewise obvious in this scene when Juliet is informed that she needs to wed Paris and she does not want to. When Lord Capulet goes into the space he hears Juliet crying and one imagines his intonation to be that of fatherly concern, “How now! A conduit, woman? What, still in tears?” (3:5:129), presuming her tears are for Tybalt. When he hears that Juliet does not want to wed Paris, Lord Capulet is furious, “hang, beg, starve, pass away in the streets, I’ll ne’er acknowledge you” (3:5:192).
His words offer a picture of a storm, one minute calm, the next exploding. His hazard would have been really frightening to the audience; they would have felt sorry for Juliet. Even though Juliet tries to defy her father, she is still a lady in a male-dominated world. One may believe that Juliet needs to just take her father up on his deal to disown her and go to deal with Romeo. That is not an alternative. Juliet lived in a Patriarchal Society and, as a female, can not leave; her father has the right to make her do as he wants.
The nurse tries to protect Juliet, Lord Capulet responds with terrible, ironical remarks, showing conflict in between the nurse and Lord Capulet. Even Woman Capulet attempts to calm her partner, “You are too hot” (3:5:175) however, she will not speak to Juliet. Again psychological dispute appears as she is currently married to Romeo, she is torn in between Romeo and her household. When the nurse likewise agrees that she must wed Paris, Juliet is sarcastic towards her, “thou hast comforted me magnificent much” (3:5:230) and feels that the nurse has actually betrayed her, again showing dispute in between Juliet and the nurse.
The play has many examples of various types of conflict, the feud between the Capulets and the Montagues is at the centre of the majority of it. The heavy use of swordplay throughout communicates the dominant style of dispute. The love of Romeo and Juliet is set within the context of hatred, produced by the feud, although deep, enthusiastic and more effective than death itself. Romeo’s battles with Tybalt, Mercutio combating with Tybalt and Juliet’s nurse are all examples of dispute. The dispute of light and dark, day and night, darkness means death, violence and disaster, whereas pictures of light reflect love, life and hope.
Inner conflict, psychological conflict and love and hate dispute is seen throughout the play, mainly with Romeo, between the world of love and the public world of honor, task, and relationship. Juliet also shows inner, emotional dispute with her nurse and father. Lord Capulet reveals a conflict of interest by insulting Juliet and her nurse. Shakespeare utilizes methods, such as oxymorons, to enhance conflict throughout the play. Not simply in Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, but in all scripts even today, dispute is a vital component, it includes stress, making it possible for unfortunate and pleased oments. Without dispute, the script would be boring, boring and essentially meaningless. It serves to leave the audience interested and wondering what will happen next and this is definitely evident in Romeo and Juliet. Shakespeare’s usage of stagecraft and language brings the story to life; each character is distinctive and remarkable, revealing the conflict and turmoil of emotions experienced by Romeo and Juliet and stimulating moods of violence, inflammation, humour, passion and terror.