Principles of Totalitarianism in 1984
Could the world in George Orwell’s “1984” truly exist? This question haunts readers from the very first to the last pages of George Orwell’s book. Unfortunately, the answer is ‘yes’; or at least Orwell hopes that readers will leave 1984 accepting the possibility enough to question government and tread cautiously into the future. The novel follows one man’s struggle against the overwhelming worry instilled in him by his society. Winston Smith, the primary character, lives in a time and location where one group, Big Bro (BB), controls everything. BB controls what its citizens do and state, how they live, and how they love.As hard as it tries nevertheless, it can’t control how its citizens believe or what they do or do not think. In the 1940s, when Orwell was crafting this masterpiece, he was thinking about the recent rise in police states and what impact they could have on the world if totalitarianism continued to spread.
Totalitarianism attempts to manage every aspect of life, even the impossible: what individuals believe & & believe. What Orwell learnt about it was based first on the corrupt, power-hungry Spaniards during the Spanish Civil War, then on the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany, states which had actually entered into being not long before the book was released. Orwell had seen the threat of outright political authority in an age of innovative technology. He illustrated that peril harshly in 1984, making it one of the most powerful warnings ever provided against the risks of totalitarian society. He was trying to offer his readers a clear image of what life would be like under the control of a police state. In a letter Orwell composed to Noel Willmett before beginning to compose 1984, he specified, “Already history has in a sense ceased to exist, ie. there is no such thing as a history of our own times which might be generally accepted, and the specific sciences are threatened as quickly as military necessity ceases to keep individuals up to the mark. Hitler can state that the Jews began the war, and if he makes it through that will become official history. He can’t say that 2 and 2 are 5, because for the purposes of, state, ballistics they need to make 4. But if the sort of world that I hesitate of gets here, a world of two or 3 great superstates which are unable to dominate one another, 2 and 2 might become five if the Fuhrer wished it.” This quote illustrates a significant theme in 1984, that whatever a totalitarian government states (no matter how unreasonable it may sound), becomes fact.
The example of “2 and two are 5” is used in the unique in addition to other, more unbelievable instances that reveal a total turnaround of word significances, not an easy math mistake. The 4 main branches of the Federal government Winston works and lives under are the Ministries of Peace, Love, Plenty, and Truth.What’s ironic about the ministries is that their names are the antonyms of their real purposes.The Ministry of Peace continuously wages war.The Ministry of Plenty is responsible for the rationing of items and food, which, contradictory to its day-to-day announcements, always decrease in amount. The Ministry of Reality is where Winston works.Here they reword history to concur with present circumstances.BB can never ever be wrong and can never ever have actually supported somebody in the past that currently isn’t in their good enhances. The Ministry of Love supervises of monitoring, torturing, and questioning residents whether they are guilty of a criminal offense or not. At the end of the book Winston is taken to the Ministry of Love to be tortured till his spirit is broken, this was not uncommon in totalitarian states as the government might use whatever methods they selected to draw out details or beat their people into submission. Huge Bro’s slogan is introduced on page 26, “War is Peace.Freedom is Slavery. Lack of knowledge is Strength.” The people in this dystopia are brought up to understand what each of these words mean and the fact one opposes the other. They are then told to believe this difficult slogan and a lot of do force themselves to think it. The thinking BB provides for ‘War is Peace’ is that when a nation is at war, individuals inside the country are at peace. They are united together and all share a typical objective. As for ‘Freedom is Slavery’, the government is attempting to eliminate their peoples’ requirement for flexibility. They are saying liberty has responsibilities, challenges, and you have to preserve it, slavery is much easier. I believe ‘Ignorance is Strength’ indicates what you don’t understand will not harm you. A government managing oblivious individuals is strong, so long as the government itself isn’t ignorant.The ignorance of individuals provides strength to the federal government.
Personally, though I appreciate the importance and the eloquence with which it was composed, I hated this book. It was terrible to think of the torture this male went through, imaginary or not. The fact a world like this could be created out of one similar to ours is unthinkable.It makes me happy for how I live. This is one of the things Orwell wanted to impart in his readers, to treasure their flexibilities and everything about their lives that would disappear under totalitarian control. In order to conserve ourselves from residing in a problem like 1984, we need to defend ourselves and our beliefs. Our future is precious and must be secured. War is not peace. Liberty is not slavery. Ignorance will never be strength.