Book Analysis: Letter from Birmingham Jail

Schedule Analysis: Letter from Birmingham Jail

Martin Luther King’s “Letter from Birmingham Prison”, was written by King in action to a crucial “Call For Unity” by a group of clergymen in Birmingham. The clergymen were vital of King for “interloping” in the affairs of their town. King’s action was that he had every right to eliminate oppression in the nation that he lived im The letter King composed, while in action to the “Call tor Uniry”, and was likewise a sort of declaration that he would battle racial inequality wherever it was. The “Letter from Birmingham Jail” was, to put this in literary terms, the thesis tatement of his life.

In this letter. he meticulously illustrated his thinking. using all of the attract reasoning, feeling, and ethics. A logical appeal is an appeal that utilizes reason, tacts and documented evidence to make an point, King makes a rational appeal later in the letter, in which he reacts to being called an extremist. He reacts to this by mentioning that numerous historical figures that today are thought about heroes were thought to be extremists during their time. He cites individuals such as the apostle Paul, Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, and Jesus Christ (549 ).

He uses factor to make a sensible interest the reader; that it he is an extremist for marketing for freedom, then all of these other individuals are extremist also. Utilizing previously owned proof and the testimony Of Others can likewise be used in making rational appeals. King gives us an example of this when he points out how the Birmingham cops maltreated the protesters (552 ). While he doesn’t provide a source, the occasion was commonly advertised. King utilizes the proof to rebut the clergymen’s allegations. Firsthand accounts ot occasions can also be utilized ro make a sensible appeal King uses a direct ccount to illustrate a point.

He outlines how he expected the white spiritual leaders to come to his help, but instead discovered reluctance and opposition (550 ). He makes his argument by providing a direct account of his experience. Nevertheless, direct accounts count on the reader’s perception of the author to be helpful. For this, you need trustworthiness. To gain reliability, one need to discuss why you are doing what you do, or illustrate the goodness Of your character to the reader. King begins by telling the reader why he is composing the letter (540– 541).

Informing why you are composing can offer the reader some insight into the true significance of the authors work. By doing this, King is establishing his credibility, while also making an appeal to the reader’s feelings. According to the “SE Martins Handbook”, when King establishes his credibiliry, this is a kind of ethical appeal, An ethical appeal supports the authors argument by developing that the author is well-informed about the topic. or developing the authors ethical character (I SO). Another example of King making an ethical appeal. s when he mentions that he has had the “honor of functioning as citizen of the Southern Christian Management Conference” He is building his trustworthiness by telling the reader that he has actually served in an administrative function. That he has authority. In the beginning paragraphs of the letter, King compares himself to the apostle Paul. By making the comparison to the historical figure, he makes another ethical appeal As stared above, an ethical appeal constructs the authors character. This contrast serves to build King’s character to the reader. by comparing him to an individual Who is mostly considered a hero.

The sage of heroes and events to make a point sometimes can have an effect on the emotions of the reader. Early in the letter, King starts ro attract rhe emotions of the reader _ Going back to King’s comparison of himself to the Apostle Paul, he stares that he needs to “bring the gospel Of flexibility beyond my own home town” (541 ). The St. Martins Handbook explains a sob story as an appeal that stirs “our emotions and advise us of deeply held values” (149 ). His wording intends to extract the feelings of the readers, by utilizing a historical occasion to show his purpose.

The llustration ot that historic occasion resonates with the reader King makes another sob story midway through the letter. He explains how he has seen the well crafted southern churches, and wondered how people Who worshiped at the churches felt when different leaders victimized others. King utilizes his vocabulary to show his disappointment and love for the church. By utilizing expressions such as “sweltering summertime days and crisp fall early mornings”, and “lofty spires pointing heavenward” (550 ), King records the imagination of the reader.

When you capture the creativity of a reader hy using images o illustrate your point: that is a kind of emotional appeal. King makes another emotional appeal to readers by using phrasing once again. This time, he uses strong vocabulary words and expressions, such as “the judgment of God” and “forfeit” (551) to make the reader feel a sense of urgency and seriousness about the situation. Emotional appeal counts on the use ot strong, significant vocabulary words. King comprehends this, and utilizes this to his advantage. The sob story of the letter is his best accomplishment. King makes great usage of Aristotle’s three argumentative appeals.

Huiever, e does not utilize difficult evidence in his rational appeals. This is understandable, as he was incarcerated He did not have any access to the sources which Would be needed to provide evidence, Still, this would have given King much more trustworthiness. King’s letter is largely an ethical piece. It needs to be, due to the fact that the letter is a response to criticisms directed towards King. Regardless of the reasons that caused this letter, the cultural ramifications of the letter are huge. King utilized the letter to state What his reasoning, intentions, and overall objectives for the long term arc

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