Animal Farm and Russian Revolution Eassy
Among Orwell’s goals in composing Animal Farm was to portray the Russian (or Bolshevik) Revolution of 1917 as one that led to a federal government more overbearing, totalitarian, and fatal than the one it toppled. Much of the characters and events of Orwell’s novel parallel those of the Russian Revolution: In short, Manor Farm is a model of Russia, and old Major, Snowball, and Napoleon represent the dominant figures of the Russian Transformation. Mr. Jones is modeled on Tsar Nicholas II (1868-1918), the last Russian emperor.
His rule (1894-1917) was marked by his persistence that he was the uncontestable ruler of the country. During his reign, the Russian individuals experienced dreadful poverty and upheaval, marked by the Bloody Sunday massacre in 1905 when unarmed protesters demanding social reforms were shot down by the army near Nicholas’ palace. As the animals under Jones lead lives of hunger and desire, the lives of countless Russians intensified during Nicholas’ reign.
When Russia entered World War I and consequently lost more guys than any country in any previous war, the outraged and desperate individuals started a series of strikes and mutinies that indicated the end of Tsarist control. When his own generals withdrew their support of him, Nicholas renounced his throne in the hopes of avoiding a full-blown civil war– but the civil war got here in the kind of the Bolshevik Transformation, when Nicholas, like Jones, was gotten rid of from his place of guideline and after that passed away shortly thereafter. old Major is the animal variation of V. I.
Lenin (1870-1924), the leader of the Bolshevik Party that seized control in the 1917 Revolution. As old Major lays out the principles of Animalism, a theory holding that all animals are equivalent and need to revolt versus their oppressors, Lenin was inspired by Karl Marx’s theory of Communism, which advises the “workers of the world” to unite versus their economic oppressors. As Animalism envisions a world where all animals share in the success of the farm, Communism argues that a “common” lifestyle will allow all people to live lives of economic equality. ld Significant passes away before he can see the outcomes of the transformation, as Lenin did before witnessing the ways in which his disciples carried on the work of reform. old Major is absolute in his hatred of Man, as Lenin was uncompromising in his views: He is commonly thought to have been responsible for giving the order to eliminate Nicholas and his household after the Bolsheviks had actually acquired control. Lenin was responsible for altering Russia into the U. S. S. R., as old
Major is responsible for transforming Manor Farm into Animal Farm. The U. S. S. R.’s flag depicted a hammer and sickle– the tools of the rebelling employees– so the flag of Animal Farm features a horn and hoof. One of Lenin’s allies was Leon Trotsky (1879-1940), another Marxist thinker who took part in a variety of advanced demonstrations and uprisings. His equivalent in Animal Farm is Snowball, who, like Trotsky, felt that an around the world series of disobediences was essential to accomplish the transformation’s supreme goals.
Snowball’s plans for the windmill and programs show Trotsky’s intellectual character and ideas about the best ways to transform Marx’s theories into practice. Trotsky was also the leader of Lenin’s Red Army, as Snowball directs the army of animals that ward off Jones. Ultimately, Trotsky was exiled from the U. S. S. R. and killed by the agents of Joseph Stalin (1979-1953), as Snowball is gone after off of the farm by Napoleon– Orwell’s stand-in for Stalin. Like Napoleon, Stalin was unconcerned with debates and ideas.
Instead, he valued power for its own sake and by 1927 had actually presumed complete control of the Communist Party through acts of fear and brutality. Napoleon’s pets resemble Stalin’s KGB, his secret cops that he utilized to eliminate all opposition. As Napoleon gains manage under the guise of enhancing the animals’ lives, Stalin utilized a lot of propaganda– represented by Squealer in the unique– to present himself as an idealist working for change. His plan to construct the windmill shows Stalin’s Five Year Plan for renewing the country’s market and agriculture.
Stalin’s ordering Lenin’s body to be put in the shrine-like Lenin’s Burial place parallels Napoleon’s unearthing of old Major’s skull, and his creation of the Order of the Green Banner parallels Stalin’s production of the Order of Lenin. Thanks, in part, to animals like Fighter (who swallow entire all of their leader’s lies), Stalin became one of the world’s most feared and harsh dictators. Numerous occasions in the novel are based upon ones that took place throughout Stalin’s rule. The Battle of the Cowshed parallels the Civil War that occurred after the 1917 Transformation.
Jones; Frederick represents Adolf Hitler (1889-1945), who created an alliance with Stalin in 1939– however who then found himself combating Stalin’s army in 1941. Frederick looks like an ally of Napoleon’s, but his forged banknotes expose his true character. The confessions and executions of the animals reflect the different purges and “reveal trials” that Stalin carried out to rid himself of any possible hazard of controversy. In 1921, the sailors at the Kronshdadt military base unsuccessfully rebelled versus Communist rule, as the hens try to rebel against Napoleon.
The Battle of the Windmill shows the U. S. S. R.’s involvement in World War II– specifically the Fight of Stalingrad in 1943, when Stalin’s forces defeated Hitler’s (as Napoleon’s defeat Frederick). Lastly, the card video game at the book’s end parallels the Tehran Conference (November 28-December 1, 1943), where Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt satisfied to talk about the ways to create a lasting peace after the war– a peace that Orwell mocks by having Napoleon and Pilkington flatter each other and after that betray their duplicitous natures by unfaithful in the card game