Absurdism in George Orwells ‘Animal Farm’
? This paper analyzes George Orwell’s contribution to the literary motion of absurdism. It focuses on Orwell’s novel Animal Farm. George Orwell, previously referred to as “Eric Blair” gotten in the Indian Imperial Authorities at about twenty years of age and served in Burma for 5 years throughout which he saw imperialism at its worst; he saw hangings, floggings, and unclean prisons, and he “was forced to assert supremacy over the Burmese which he never ever actually felt.” On realizing the little economic and or cultural development he made, Orwell left this circumstance with the conviction that imperialism was far too evil to run the risk of one’s life for.
In 1936, Orwell battled in the Spanish Civil War and through first-hand experience he saw propaganda and the perversion of history utilized as instruments of war. The purposeful distortion of facts by both sides seemed to Orwell to be much more horrible than the bombs utilized in the war. He thought that the simple distortion of reality would develop worse circumstances for mankind than any ideological war could. As for power, he realized that it had actually ended up being an end to itself- and to those who seek it. Orwell’s involvement in these wars and the experiences seem to have influenced his life’s viewpoint as it is shown in his literary works after the war.
In Orwell’s Animal Farm, the shallow level of its meaning slams the politics of war and its effects; on the other hand, a much deeper level clarifies the absurdity that is the war as it examines the intention, procedure and result of the war both physically and emotionally. Absurdism is the philosophical and literary doctrines that human beings live in vital isolation in a worthless and irrational world, absurdists therefore recognize the universe for what it is and cease to resist it.
The notion of the unreasonable consists of the idea that there is no significance to be discovered worldwide beyond the significance we provide to it. To the world there is no such thing as a great individual or a bad person, and what occurs takes place and it might simply as well happen to a good individual regarding an evildoer. According to Jean Paul Sartre, the absurd is born out of the fight between the human need and the unreasonable silence of the world. He asserts that “humanity should live in a world that is and will forever be hostile and indifferent towards them.
This suggests that humankind tends to presume that the world ought to satisfy its requirements while absurdism attempts to discuss to humanity that the world owes it nothing for that reason each individual must work towards satisfying his/her own requirements as they discover the function and meaning to their own lives. While absurdism may be considered a branch of existentialism, it is a particular concept that is not required to an existentialist view. All existentialist share is the essential belief that ‘presence precedes essence’.
The most essential factor to consider for the person is the reality that he/she is an individual that is acting independently and responsible conscious being (presence) rather than what labels, roles, definitions or other preconceived classifications the individual fits (essence). According to Albert Camus, the idea of the unreasonable provides the reader with dualism such as happiness and unhappiness, dark and light, life and death and so on. Camus highlights that happiness is fleeting and that the human condition is among mortality, he does this to show a higher gratitude for life and joy.
This dualism is a paradox such that we value our lives and existence a lot however at the exact same time we understand that we will ultimately pass away and ultimately our endeavors are useless. While we can deal with a dualism -such as I can accept periods of misery since I understand I will likewise experience happiness to come-but we can not live with the paradox- I believe my life is of excellent significance but I also believe it is worthless. Orwell utilizes literature of the ridiculous in his book Animal Farm in an effort to portray a grotesque caricature of our world; a world without faith, significance, instructions or freedom of will and so on his is illustrated in the animals search for liberty and animalism-an allegory of communism for example Significant an old boar develops the idea of liberty, animalism and how their lives would be improved and shares it with the other animals. With this in mind, the animals see humans as opponents and animals as pals and they might only survive through rebellion. This quest for liberty and animalism ends up being worthless to Major as he passes away 3 days later on but the animals keep his vision in mind.
This recommends that human life is more and more gotten rid of from the natural since we are pushed away from the earth and each other. Literature of the absurd had its origin in the theatre of the ridiculous following the very first and the second world wars- which George Orwell experienced. This absurdity is the result of disillusionment with the rationalism, which tried to validate the exploitation of the working class and the bad, the affluence of the rich, the wanton yet condemned destructiveness of the two world wars and the unquestioned belief in evolution and development.
The absurdity in Orwell’s Animal Farm is clearly apparent in the thematic representation of the futility in the search for the purpose and meaning of life, this is exemplified in the character of Napoleon which was established to share the traits and characteristics of a dictator- Joseph Stalin. He is a devious oppressor who uses shrewd, devious and forceful methods to attain his function. He misuses propaganda to manipulate their subjects and utilizes others that is, Napoleon utilizes the dogs to handle his opponents while Stalin uses the Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti (K.
G. B) to eliminate his opponents; In Animal Farm Napoleon utilizes the dogs to chase away snowball from the farm. He also utilizes his challenger’s ideas and calls them their own for example Napoleon pirates snowballs concept of building a windmill. “The evening Squealer explained privately to the other animals that Napoleon had never in reality been opposed to the windmill. On the contrary, it was he who had advocated it in the start, and the strategy which Snowball had drawn on the floor of the incubator shed had actually been stolen from among Napoleon’s documents …
He had actually seemed to oppose the windmill, simply as a maneuver to eliminate Snowball, who was a hazardous character and a bad impact” The windmill soon becomes the ways by which Napoleon exerts control. He uses it to direct the animals’ attention far from the growing shortages and insufficiencies on the farm and the animals obliviously concentrate all their efforts on building the windmill. The symbolic nature of the windmill is itself important– it suggests an empty focus, a meaningless, unheroic effort, for the idea is literally misguided.
Stalin on the other hand hijacks the industrialization idea from his challengers which he had at first opposed. Regrettably, the subjects under both Transformations do not recognize their dictators are utilizing unreasonable methods to get power. In Animal Farm, Napoleon validates the changes made in the 7 Commandments of animalism and makes lies about their opponents to make it seem logical to the animals. As an outcome, they accept his management, however are uninformed he is becoming a manipulative dictator. The rules initially checked out; 1.
Whatever goes upon 2 legs is an enemy. 2. Whatever goes upon four legs, or has wings, is a buddy. 3. No animal will use clothes. 4. No animal shall oversleep a bed. 5. No animal will consume alcohol. 6. No animal shall kill any other animal. 7. All animals are equal. Likewise, Stalin likewise adopted the approach of falsifying facts in order to acquire the population’s assistance. This shows how dictators are sneaky animals who keep their topics in the dark, fooled and blinded without knowing they are being made the most of.
It is humanity to seek power and many may reach exploiting those who are weaker or disregard what is best or incorrect in order to increase to the top, this appears in the book through the character of Napoleon who constantly attempts to make everything much better for himself, he rarely works and when he does work it is just for his own benefit for example he influences Squealer- a pig-who is an excellent talker and is responsible for the propaganda. He changes bad things to good things simply by telling them in a different way.
Napoleon likewise uses Boxer the cart-horse who is not actually smart and this appears in the mottos that he lives by that is ‘I will work harder’ and ‘Napoleon is constantly right’ for Fighter that seems enough to solve all the problems. George Orwell in Animal farm successfully utilizes Napoleon’s character to show that lots of totalitarians use cunning and unjust techniques to gain and maintain power. Throughout the unique Napoleon works behind the scenes and canvasses assistance for himself in a deceptive and devious manner which the animals do not acknowledge.
For example he teaches the sheep to bleat out the slogan “four legs good, two legs bad” (P. 31) whenever Snowball is about to score a point against him. So long as the animals can not keep in mind the past, since it is being continually altered, they will have no control over today and thus over the future. George Orwell conveys the message that power can never be divided equally, but can only be damaged. Under Napoleon’s rule, Old Major’s imagine a classless society where everyone would be equal and totally free shatters; the reality is the fear and poverty of dictatorship in which some people are “more equal”.
Throughout the unique, Napoleon pretends to carry out Old Major’s ideals, however is clearly damaging them, as shown through the modification of the seventh rule from “All animals are equivalent” to “All animals are equal, however some animals are more equal than others” (P. 90) Though the idea of “more equivalent” is entirely ridiculous, the pigs do not question its inherent contradiction, however continue to envision themselves as the fortunate “some”. Orwell created Napoleon to attend to not just the corruption of the revolution by its leaders, but also how ignorance, greed and myopia ruin any possibility of an utopia.
As the book comes to the end, the majority of the animals associated with the Disobedience have been forgotten. The only Rule left on the barn wall is “All Animals are Equal, however some animals are more equal than others.” The name “Animal Farm” is altered back to “Manor Farm.” A delegation of neighboring farmers fulfills the pigs and tours the farm. Toasting each other’s success, Pig and human alike proceed to play a game of cards. Unexpectedly: “Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike.
No question, now, what had actually taken place to the faces of the pigs. The animals outside looked from pig to guy, and from male to pig, and from pig to man once again; but already it was difficult to say which was which.” This scene shows the necessary scary of the human condition– there have been, are, and constantly will be pigs in every society, and they will always seize power. It is the “human nature” of the animals that turns out to be their failure. Orwell’s representation of Napoleon is intended to deteriorate the issue of dictatorship in our eyes.
The author wrote in such information to open the eyes of his readers to the fact about tyranny and expose how autocrats corrupt power and misshape ideals. Through mockery, ridicule, and clever writing, Orwell successfully attained his objective. Animal Farm is built on a circular basis to highlight the vanity of the revolution. The novel is a series of significant rejection of the Seven Commandments of animalism, and a go back to the tyranny and irresponsibility of the start.
The only modification apparent in the book is the identity of the masters, and paradoxically, that will be only partly changed. Orwell explains the idea of communism (animalism) in the type of an animal story. He reveals that it is impossible that all people can be equal since some individuals constantly desire the best on their own therefore they must suppress others. If someone becomes a leader, he/she will believe he/she is more crucial and wants more advantages so that others work for him/her for example Significant conceives and shares the vision of an animal utopia only to die before it is chieved. Animal Farm is the story of a revolution gone sour. Animalism, Communism, and Fascism are all impressions which are used by the pigs as a method of satisfying their greed and lust for power REFERRALS Orwell, G. (2008) Animal farm. London: Penguin Books. http://www. cliffsnotes. com/study _ guide/literature/animal-farm/ critical-essays/russian-revolution. html Alex Zwerling, Orwell and the Left (New Sanctuary: Yale University Press, 1974)