1984: Metaphor Analysis
Proles– The Proles represent the lowest working classes of society (the proletariat) and they likewise function as a metaphor for despondence. Winston hopes, as did lots of genuine thinkers such as Marx, that the Proles might rise up versus the Celebration and bring back flexibility for all people. However the history of Oceania written by Emmanuel Goldstein argues that Proles throughout history have actually rebelled against the state only to restore the exact same class structure and oppress new generations of Proles. Thus, the Proles in 1984represent despondence. While they live complimentary and “savage” lives, they do not understand or pick not to comprehend, the nature of their injustice. While they far out number Party members, they stay powerless versus their own lack of knowledge.
Rats– Winston learns the significance of Space 101 when O’Brien tortures him with rats. Space 101 represents a person’s worst worry and Winston’s worst fear is rats. So on one level rats represent worry. On another level, nevertheless, rats represent depravity. Throughout history, people have actually associated rats with squalor and plague. Rats bring disease and prosper on human trash. Rats rank among the world’s most “beastlike” (as opposed to “humanlike”) animals. Winston’s universe is filled with people who imitate and are treated like monsters. Outer Party members and Proles all eventually become drones-meaningless, inhuman cogs in the Party’s device. In essence, Winston and his fellow residents become rats, caught in Big Sibling’s cage. If individuals permit forces such as those represented by Big Bro to rule, then they will end up being no better than meaningless, increasing rats.
Song/Music– Orwell inserts verses of music and poetry throughout 1984. Winston hears propaganda music created by the Party and sung by a Prole and discovers it strangely stunning. He likewise hears a bird singing in a meadow and finds himself awake and hopeful for the very first time. Songs play an important role in this book. Not just do tunes foreshadow events and reveal details about the past, they represent culture. When shouted by crazed, Big Bro enthusiasts, propaganda music sounds to Winston like war weeps. However when carelessly hummed by a Prole female (who has no affiliation with the Party) as she works, the same music sounds sweet and uplifting to Winston. Winston longs for a time when music and culture came from individuals and nature instead of to the state.
Dreams– Winston’s dreams expose vital details about his past and predict his future. Winston dreams about meeting O’Brien in a location “where there is no darkness” foreshadow his torture at O’Brien’s hands. Winston’s dreams of the Golden Nation foreshadow his love affair with Julia. But dreams also represent history, and the flexibility connected with history. The Idea Cops can see whatever other than Winston’s inner beliefs so Winston might go anywhere and believe anything while dreaming as long as his external habits remains neutral. Through brainwashing and shock treatment, the Celebration ultimately controls Winston’s dreams. Just then do they genuinely manage Winston.
Winston’s Mom– Winston typically dreams about his mom. His mother and sister sacrificed themselves to conserve Winston. He remembers a time when war broke out and his mother secured him and provided him her food provisions in spite of his ingratitude and selfishness. Winston’s mom represents loss and human contact. As a kid he did not comprehend or appreciate his mom’s love but as an adult, Winston feels deep loneliness developed by the loss of his mother and of natural human contact. Alienation and loss identify Winston’s whole presence.