1984 and Nazism
No one can disagree with the truth that George Orwell’s vision, in his book 1984, didn’t come true. Though lots of people stressed that the world might really come to what Orwell believed, the year 1984 came and went and the world that Orwell created was something people did not need to stress over any longer. Many individuals have wondered what was occurring in Orwell’s life and in his time that would influence him to create this politically motivated book. A totalitarian world where someone guidelines and declares what is a criminal offense and what is not, is something many individuals would have been scared of a lot.
The totalitarianism in 1984 is extremely comparable to the Nazism that was happening in Germany with Hitler. This could have been the key thing that motivated George Orwell to write 1984. Nazi Germany used propaganda and censorship to manage what individuals saw, heard, and check out. Hitler appointed Joseph Goebbels as the Minister of enlightenment and Propaganda. Goebbels “would ruin anything which he felt disagreed with Nazi views” (Bradley 1). This is much like The Ministry of Fact, which is where Winston, the lead character of 1984, works.
In the book, The Ministry of Truth manages all of the news, home entertainment, education, and the fine arts. Winston’s job is to rewrite history, to make it look like the celebration is constantly true, and to eliminate ‘unpersons’ from all documents in the past. Hitler’s Ministry of Public Knowledge and Propaganda produced books, newspapers, and posters of all sizes to manage the public viewpoint, which is similar to all the posters of Big Sibling. Winston explained him as a “black-mustachio ‘d face [looking] below every commanding corner” (Orwell 6).
The poster has a caption at the bottom stating BIG BRO IS WATCHING YOU. With The Ministry of Fact producing the books and rewriting history and newspapers, they are essentially controlling what individuals see, hear, and read, similar to in Nazi Germany, that makes a concrete example of one of the reasons that made Orwell encouraged to write the book. In 1984, the youth is taught to support and like The Party and Big Sibling just like the Hitler Youth, which was “created to indoctrinate Germany’s young with the ideology of Nazism” (Conley).
In the book, kids are brainwashed into spying on their moms and dads and turning them in to the Idea Police if ever they dedicate a thoughtcrime. The Celebration was creating what Winston describes as “ungovernable little savages, [which] produced in them no propensity whatever to rebel against the discipline of the celebration” (Orwell 24). Winston likewise says that they enjoy everything related to the celebration and hate everything that is enemy of the State. The Celebration concentrated on the young, since they were the next generation and they required individuals who would remain real to The Party.
Hitler focused on the young for the very same reason. He wanted strong kids so that the next generation of Nazi soldiers wouldn’t be weak and strong ladies to be able to take care of the house and do things that prior to only kids might do. A number of the activities that they did made German young boys believe that in Nazism they can be superior over others. Hitler when stated his “program for informing youth is hard. Weak point needs to be hammered away … [he] want [s] a ruthless prideful, fearless, terrible youth” (Conley).
Big Brother desires all of the kids to find out the methods of The Party, and desires them extremely strong willed, simply as Hitler desired his next generation of soldiers to be. The Hitler Youth, since of the similarities of both leaders wanting the youth strong and caring either The Celebration or the Nazis, affected Orwell’s vision of the Junior Spies. The Thought Authorities, in 1984, is a group of the Inner Celebration who catches anybody who would believe negative ideas versus The Party or Big Sibling.
They view all individuals in Oceania with telescreens, hidden microphones, and helicopters that fly around spying into individuals’s windows. Winston describes that “thoughtcrime does not entail death: thoughtcrime IS death” (Orwell 27). There are also lots of secret spies, who camouflage themselves as regular orthodox people, either as a Celebration member or as a prole. An example from 1984 would be Mr. Charrington, the store owner of a pre-owned shop where Winston buys a diary and a glass paperweight.
He is not what he appears when he records Winston and Julia, Winston’s enthusiast, in the space above the shop, with a uniform of the Idea Authorities on. The Idea Cops reminds me quite of Hitler’s secret police, the Gestapo. They were a group chosen “to investigate and combat all tendencies dangerous to the state” (Bradley 1). Many people were terrified of them because they would apprehend individuals and make them guilty of a crime, and without a trial, they would go directly to a concentration camp or some other place.
Many individuals, like churchmen, needed to beware due to the fact that “anything they wrote or stated would be kept in mind by the Gestapo” (Bradley 1). Orwell couldn’t have actually thought about whatever involving the Thought Authorities by himself, which is why the Gestapo is a fantastic motivation to develop something like the Thought Cops. Living the life of a member of the Outer Party is challenging, similar to it was challenging being a Jew in Nazi Germany. The prisoner-of-war camps and the many race laws made it difficult for many people.
The Jews could refrain from doing things like take a pre-college test, remain in a Nazi youth group, or be in the ‘work service’ due to the fact that of the race laws (Crane 53). This is sort of like the proles, where there were things that they could not have and do that The Party could. Much like in 1984, where Winston needed to do morning workouts called the Physical Jerks, “a variety of [concentration] camps insisted on morning calisthenics … for half an hour” (Kogon 32). During the Physical Jerks, Winston constantly attempted to use the expression on his face of “grim enjoyment which was thought about proper” (Orwell 30).
Another similarity in the book is that Winston speak about there being rations on Chocolate, and with the concentration camps there were also rations made on food like bread at various times in the barracks. In addition, life in the Outer Celebration district wasn’t the most sanitary location you might be. Winston explains London with “vistas of rotting 19th century homes, their sides fortified with balks of timber, their windows covered with cardboard and their roofings with corrugated iron, their insane garden walls drooping in all instructions” (Orwell 7). The prisoner-of-war camp weren’t that clean either.
They were unclean and rundown since that is just the way the Nazis left it for individuals in the camps. The prisoner-of-war camp might have made a terrific impact on George Orwell’s book 1984. George Orwell’s book 1984 is not just an extremely politically inspired book, but also something that scared individuals, in 1949, into thinking that this could have really taken place thirty-five years later. The Nazism that was taking place in Germany is the crucial thing that influenced Orwell’s writing of his book 1984. Resemblances would be the Junior Spies and the Hitler Youth, ith them both concerning the next generation of soldiers or members of the Party. The Thought Authorities and Hitler’s Gestapo are also very much alike, and using propaganda and censorship are comparable with what Hitler developed and with what Big Bro created. Naturally, there are likewise the resemblances between the life in Nazi Germany and that of The Party and the proles. There are resemblances with all of these things, since Orwell had to be encouraged by those examples. It couldn’t have actually simply been a coincidence that things like these were so usually similar.
Functions Cited Conley, Patti. “Pulled into evil: The history of the Hitler Youth.” The Beaver County Times. 9 Nov 2009, 1. EBSCO Publishing. CD-ROM. 10 Nov 2009 Halleck, Elaine. Eugene Kogon. “Residing in a Prisoner-of-war Camp.” Residing In Nazi Germany. Farmington Hills. Greenhaven Press. 2004 Halleck, Elaine. Cynthia Crane. “The Impact of Nuremberg Laws.” Residing In Nazi Germany. Farmington Hills. Greenhaven Press. 2004 “Life in Nazi Germany.” 10 Nov 2009. Online. http://socyberty. com/history/life-in-nazi-germany/ Orwell, George. 1984. New York: Penguin Group, 1949.