1984 is a dystopian novel about the society of the future. Writing in 1948, he images Britain forty years in the future as a totalitarian dictatorship which combines aspects of both Communism and Fascism in a powerful, omniscient police-state, based upon fear. The story takes place in a totalitarian state called Oceania.
The world has actually been divided up by Oceania and two other states, Eastasia and Eurasia. The post-war world is governed by power groups additionally at war with one another. After the transformation, the facility has been changed by a dictatorship, whose leader is BB. In his functions and look, BB clearly remembers Stalin, and the reality that his face is illustrated everywhere is a denunciation of the cult of personality, common in all dictatorships.
Attempting to manage the ideas of every person, the authorities rewrite history, changing events. The hero, Winston Smith, is an intellectual and rebels against this world and begins to dream of ruining the system. The description of London, capital of Oceania, in the very first chapter of the book, is similar to wartime London. The environment recalls bomb-damaged London in 1948. The influence of WW2 is plainly evident; it is a problem that still haunts the population. Individual freedom is restricted since Oceania is in a long-term state of war and everyone is possibly a traitor. The only possibility of survival is by revealing obedience to the Celebration’s orthodoxy and complete devotion to the cult of BB. Everybody is continuously watched and making use of language customized to attempt and squash independent, specific, autonomous idea, so that the Party will at last be in control of the entire inner being of every man.
Winston Smith (whose name is a symbol: Winston represents Churchill, and Smith is a typical surname, making him a stereotype of every man) works for the Ministry of Truth, however he does not accept its fanatic mindset so he keeps a journal and falls in love with a lady called Julia. He makes good friend with O’Brien, his exceptional in the Ministry of Reality, since he thinks he is against the system too. However, O’Brien turns out to be a party male who has actually Winston recorded. Winston is the last guy in BB’s dictatorship who tries to keep control of his inner self, but he is jailed due to the fact that his love story to Julia is illegal and psychologically and physically tortured up until he loses his mental integrity. When he is fixed up and finally launched he has been developed into a robot similar to all the others. He has not just understood and accepted celebration teaching, he has actually even come to enjoy Huge Brother. The structure of the novel remembers a tragedy due to the fact that it is divided into three parts: in Part 1, Winston attempts to be free, in Part 2, when he will satisfy his dream, his hopes are crushed, and in Part 3, he surrenders to the system and loses his humanity.
Orwell provides a description of the political system of totalitarianism. In 1984 he explained the approaches used to control believed, to attack privacy and break down personal resistance. The totalitarian state tries to manage the ideas of citizens through language to limit the risk of independent thought. The use of language in 1984 is particularly essential since Orwell demonstrates how every idea is turned into its exact opposite by the Celebration, highlighting a satiric impact and terrible irony. So the Ministry of Fact just tells lies, the Ministry of Peace is worried about war and the language is contracted, securing all imagination from its usage, much as it occurs today with smart phones.
The 3 irrational mottos of the Celebration are especially significant since they expose the ideals the celebration is based upon, believed control and turnaround of concepts.
Orwell is worried about the function of political language and reveals that in Oceania words are so corrupted that they now mean their opposite. This indicates that once language is controlled anything that the Celebration doesn’t approve is impossible. Therefore truth is distorted and these distortions change the human perception of the fact. This is likewise the threat concealed in mass media, whose power pervades modern society. Mass media control communication and enforce an international view on all aspects of daily life. That is why the control of mass media is essential for the political celebration in power, due to the fact that through mass media they can develop agreement and changes believed so that everybody comes to think and desire what the Celebration wants them to believe and want.
For that reason communication ends up being adjustment and creates fear, as the dominant faces of BB in posters seem to state. BB IS WATCHING YOU suggests that everybody is managed and can’t leave. Individuals are alienated, deprived of desires, uniqueness and social relationship, so that they can’t but be loyal to the ruling party. So the media in the world produced by Orwell in 1984 have a double function: to manage human thought so that it pertains to comply with the Party’s desire and keep watch on individuals all over and at any time. Subject to continuous security, people never ever attempt to rebel or escape. Horror is utilized to keep an eye on and control individuals’s thoughts, feelings and actions.
Orwell was politically devoted and 1984 demonstrate how precious and vulnerable human flexibility is. In a duration of social unrest, joblessness, financial depression and Nazi expansion, he relied on left-wing ideals and he went to defend the Republican forces in the Spanish war. The experience in Spain made him familiar with the political hazards that could destroy left-wing suitables; he was horrified of the result of Realpolitik. He was particularly concerned with the tragic advancement of communist perfects through Stalin’s dictatorship in the USSR.
Orwell was disappointed by Socialism and believed that the writer ought to be independent. As a matter of truth, though he was a socialist, he was very important of a Socialism which was separated from the reality and the needs of the working class it is expected to represent.
Among the most outstanding features is the close connection in between his political views and his writing. Orwell believed that the writer was a spokesman for the ethical conscience of society and his duty was to denounce social evils. The impact of Dickens is shown in his choice of social styles and the use of reasonable language because he utilized a basic, direct style. He believed in tolerance and justice and warned versus the threats of totalitarianism and thought control. He criticized totalitarianism, alerting against the infraction of individual liberty. 1984 shows a prophetic image of the risks triggered by totalitarian dictatorships which obliterate individuality and justice. He wished to alert readers versus tyranny.
The world explained in 1984 is a nightmare. The party has outright control, disobedience is punished with prison and abuse. He revealed his concern for the quality of life, human self-respect and imagination; in his viewpoint, these qualities are threatened by the prevailing trend in modern society, where mass media manage human actions, tastes and options. He had a cynical view of the masses, since he believed they could be quickly manipulated through language. BB’s dictatorship managed believed, attacked personal privacy through microphones and tele-screens and broke down all efforts at resisting by brain-washing individuals.
Moreover the strategies of the Party control not only the present and the future however also the past, by re-writing history. Winston’s job in the Ministry of Fact is to alter historical records to get rid of all memories of previous occasions and adapt them to celebration policy when they are irregular with celebration teaching.
Orwell’s presumption is that a totalitarian state controls the idea of citizens through language to limit the threats of independent idea. This is still true today since mass media are possibly harmful, as they break down uniqueness and independent ideas by crushing imagination with conformity.
1984 is a picture of how the political system can reduce uniqueness and make guy inhuman. Through sci-fi he depicts a future world in such a realistic method as to make it very credible. The main character’s will and body are gotten into total submission, leaving no hope in the future of freedom, non-conformism and usage of individual reason. Orwell’s last conclusion of 1984’s horrible plot is that totalitarian powers damage humanity and guys are hopelessly overwhelmed by oppressive political forces.